Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest
Bucharest, Romania
Time filter
Source Type

Jula D.,Ecological University of Bucharest | Jula N.-M.,Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest
Romanian Journal of Economic Forecasting | Year: 2017

We analyze the impact induced by Foreign Direct Investments on changing the sectoral structure of employment. By developing a general methodological framework, we show that, for the dynamics of the structure analysis, the appropriate model is a panel data with time specific fixed effects and with cross-section specific effects, weighted by the growth rate of total employment. To analyze the change in structures, the appropriate model is, likewise, a panel data, without time specific (fixed or random) effects, but with cross-section specific ones, weighted by total employment. We find that for Agriculture, forestry and fishery, Manufacturing and Accommodation and food services, the growth of FDI was associated with a decrease in industry share in total employment, both at global level, as well as regarding the private and public employment structures. This means that, for the industries concerned, the FDI effect on productivity improvement was superior to the effect induced on employment growth. For Mining, Electricity, Natural gas and water, Information technology and communications, Financial intermediation and insurance, Professional, scientific, technical and administrative activities and support services the effect is positive for the private sector and negative for the public one. For the remaining industries (Construction and real estate transactions, Trade, Transportation) the effects of FDI was rather positive than otherwise. Consequently, for those industries, the FDI effect on employment growth exceeds that on productivity. © 2017, Institute for Economic Forecasting. All rights reserved.

Ungureanu R.-S.,Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2012

The unique features of the European Union generate permanent political and theoretical debates; the fact is unsurprising, since simply describing this entity is a challenge. Despite the impressive literature on the topic, there is no widely recognized understanding of EU's nature as a polity. The paper considers that the most appropriate term from the usual political vocabulary to designate it is that of 'empire'. EU is based on an imperial myth, comprises many former imperial powers, can be considered an empire, but does not display the behaviour and ideology expected from one. The article suggests that the answer for this dissonance can be found in considering that the defining feature of a given empire is its 'mission' - the ideological project that legitimizes and guides it. From the theoretical position of social constructivism, the paper investigates the characteristics of EU's mission as an innovative polity.

Cretan A.,Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest | Coutinho C.,Cts Inc. | Bratu B.,Extreme Computing RandD | Jardim-Goncalves R.,Cts Inc.
Annual Reviews in Control | Year: 2012

With the rise of the Internet, competitiveness is pressuring enterprises to build better solutions with fewer resources, following new trends and supporting new platforms and methodologies. On the other hand, legislation and regulations are updating frequently and deeply, and demanding rapid compliance from enterprises. These frequent business changes shake all the interoperability links between the enterprises, leading to periods of adaptation where business operation is not possible. The urge to rapidly regain interoperability often leads to unfounded, poorly-chosen solutions, which lead to inefficiency and rework. This paper proposes that the best way to have a strong interoperable environment is to perform constant, periodic maintenance operations in order to adapt enterprises to their surrounding ecosystem. It introduces NEGOSEIO, a framework that promotes continuous improvement and adaptation towards the management of interoperability on enterprise systems, and which has negotiations as a core mechanism to handle inconsistencies and solutions for the detected interoperability problems. Following this approach, enterprises shall become more adaptable to changes and external factors, consequently developing resilient and efficient interactions with its supply chain. The paper validates the framework with its application in a real business case of aerospace mission design on the European Space Agency (ESA). © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Coutinho C.,New University of Lisbon | Cretan A.,Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest | Jardim-Goncalves R.,New University of Lisbon | Jardim-Goncalves R.,Cts Inc.
Computers in Industry | Year: 2013

The evolution of ICT towards fast and robust data exchange promoted the blooming of successful technical and business concepts like cloud computing and virtualisation of enterprise assets. The escalation of service providers enabled the specialisation of enterprises (particularly SMEs) and the building of provider networks. This move from enterprise-concentric to service-dispersed strategies is leading to concerns about reaching and maintaining the interoperability between customer-provider pairs and their associated business networks. This is particularly true in the aerospace industry: a highly-competitive and demanding business supported by numerous applications, which may be general-purposed, specific, proprietary or open-sourced, all needing to be interoperable with the lowest impact on the business itself. This paper addresses the need for improving the sustainability of enterprise interoperability via the application of negotiations, with the objective of reducing the impact of changes and achieving the best solutions in the interoperability between the enterprises and their surrounding environment. It proposes a framework that features a negotiation mechanism for the management of changes towards the sustainability of the seamless business-to-business interactions, and describes its application on the real business case of the ESA-CDF space mission feasibility studies. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Nicolescu V.Q.,Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest
Environment and History | Year: 2014

In this article I explore the role played by nature in the construction of the discourse of Romanian national identity. What was the perceived relation between the human community and the natural realm? How was the natural landscape transformed into a constitutive part of the national discourse? Could nature be seen as an essential identity marker for Romanian nationhood, thus shaping a form of Romanian exceptionalism? What form does this exceptionalist view take in the Romanian case? I highlight how the concept of an imagined national community was developed by the Romanian political and intellectual elite of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and the role played by nature in the shaping of this discourse of identity. © 2014 The White Horse Press.

Cretan A.,Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest | Coutinho C.,New University of Lisbon | Bratu B.,Warwick Business School | Jardim-Goncalves R.,New University of Lisbon
IFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline) | Year: 2012

The rise of new service-oriented technologies drives new ways to perform interoperability between companies, even in areas not directly connected to the enterprise core business. This paper proposes a framework to model and support sustainable interoperability of parallel and concurrent negotiations among organisations acting in the same industrial market, using a service-oriented platform. The underlying complexity is to model the dynamic environment where multi-attribute and multi-participant negotiations are racing over a set of heterogeneous resources. The metaphor Interaction Abstract Machines (IAMs) is used to model the parallelism and the non-deterministic aspects of the negotiation process, and a model-driven, cloud-based, service-oriented platform is proposed to manage a sustainable interoperability of the operating environment. © 2012 IFAC.

Neaga D.E.,Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2014

In this paper I want to point out aspects that shape women's political participation, while aiming to identify those elements which may generate their successful implication in politics. My research is based on the data collection offered by the volume printed in Romania, Forţa politicǎ a femeilor (The political strength of women), which is a collection of interviews released in 2011 that follows three main directions: 1. the testimonies of the successful Romanian women politicians; 2. the testimonies of women who were successful or still are in various domains, but who haven't made the step to politics; 3. the opinion of party leaders, of NGO representatives, journalists (men). The current paper focuses on the first of the three above mentioned directions, namely on the interviews with the successful women of Romanian politics. The analysis that I propose starts by identifying discursive patterns in the interviews that will later on be used to present three models (the professional, the traditionalist model, the principled-rationalist) that I use to, on one hand, draw the path to a successful political career, and to, on the other, understand the way in which the respondents chose to relate to their own persona through the lens of political experiences, but also in terms of how they want to present these experiences to the public. The three models will be treated also in terms of strategies developed in order to achieve success in a man's world. My wish is to highlight the way in which the patriarchal constraints shape the discourse of these women. The conclusion is that the patriarchal constrains generates paradoxes in the way successful women politicians signifies the reality of gender inequalities, and this profoundly affects their capacity of promoting gender interests on the formal agenda of the government.

Novac M.,Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2013

In the history of the European culture, the 20th century has been sometimes related, not necessarily in a joint manner, to 'the end of Metaphysics', on the one hand, to the political and epistemic hegemony of ideology, on the other. How much truth is there to these two statements? Is there a correlation between these two phenomena? If so, what are the exogenous and the endogenous factors of this overthrow? Moreover, to what extent are we really dealing here with two different, but occasionally tangent, fields and not with mere aspects of a single ideative modus? To all these questions I will attempt to outline an answer by referring, on the one hand, to the one philosopher who established the death of metaphysics as one fundamental theme of contemporary philosophy, Friedrich Nietzsche, on the other, to the sociologist who, as far as I know, most explicitly discussed the nature of the relationship between metaphysics and ideology, Karl Mannheim. More to the point, I set about from the assumption that it could be that Mannheim found, in his Ideology and Utopia, a more pertinent answer, at least in a political sense, to Nietzsche's fundamental concern, i.e. the surpassing of nihilism. In this respect, my claim is that the key issue would be the transition from what I have called a descriptivist approach to aletheia, the nature of the relationship between truth and Being, to a prescriptivist one, essentially that reality is not so much to be described as willed. In nuce, the entire issue could be broken into these three questions: (i) can we regard ideology as an attempt by metaphysics to provide an answer to nihilism, (ii) if so, what would be the incumbent epistemological modifications and, (iii) last but not least, how much success could we expect from such an attempt?.

Nicolescu V.Q.,Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2013

The relation between political culture, informal economic and political practices and the democratization process in Romania is often discussed or incriminated in the public sphere, but still heavily understudied. My research interest focuses around the concept of Informal Political Order (IPO) and the relationship it has with the democratic process in Romania. As a starting point, the IPO can be defined as a grass-roots structure which is perceived to offer stability and minimal efficiency in managing local affairs. My thesis is that in the case of Romania can be identified the existence of an IPO, which shapes the process of democratic consolidation, its most visible feature being the so called 'local barons'. My first aim is to identify the characteristics of the Informal Political Order, and then to try to formulate answers to the following research questions: how does the IPO operate? What is the relation between the Informal Political Order and the process of democratic consolidation? What social roles 'local barons' perform, apart from those reflected by the media? From the methodological standpoint, I must state that my research is part of a wider qualitative project, already underway, focused on the informal political order in the Romanian case, constructed on two separate dimensions - empirical and theoretical.

Nedelcu E.,Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2013

The paper aims at counterbalancing the theory of economic reductionism with a complex social perspective on development, which is specific to globalised society. The principle of sustainable development is analysed in close relation with the principle of (individual and social) responsibility, in general, and with the principle of corporate social responsibility (CSR), in particular. The approach is both theoretical and practical, as the paper attempts to clarify some theoretical issues in order to turn them to good account in an empirical research, whose purpose is to identify the Romanian youth's perceptions as to integrating sustainable development in business strategies by means of a questionnaire-based social enquiry. The conclusions of the study are synthesized in the final part of the paper.

Loading Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest collaborators
Loading Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest collaborators