Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine

Chennai, India

Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine

Chennai, India

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Subrammaniyan R.,Vijaya Hospital | Amalorpavanathan J.,Vijaya Hospital | Shankar R.,Vijaya Hospital | Rajkumar M.,Vijaya Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Cytotherapy | Year: 2011

Background aims. Previous clinical studies have reported that the injection of bone marrow (BM)-derived mononuclear cells (MNC) results in improvement in symptoms and healing of ulcers in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) up to stage IV of Fontaine's classification. However, most patients with Fontaine stage IV CLI limbs had to undergo amputation even after stem cell therapy. We report on six patients, who had poorly controlled diabetes with extensive ulceration and gangrene of limbs because of Fontaine stage IV CLI and had been advised amputation elsewhere, who underwent injection of autologous BM MNC. Methods. In all six patients, BM was aspirated and the isolated MNC from the BM were injected intralesionally at various sites of the ulcer and its surroundings after necessary debridement. The patients were followed up at regular intervals for at least 6 months. Results. At the end of the 6-month follow-up, the lower limb pain and ulcers had improved significantly in all patients. The mean toebrachial index had increased from 0.26 to 0.36. One patient died a month after therapy because of causes unrelated to the procedure. Limb salvage was possible in the remaining five patients and they had a pain-free walking distance of 100 m within 6 months. Conclusions. Limb salvage was possible in all six diabetic patients with Fontaine stage IV CLI following autologous BM MNC injection. The procedure was safe without any adverse outcomes. © 2011 Informa Healthcare.


Dedeepiya V.D.,Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine | Dedeepiya V.D.,Acharya Nagarjuna University | William J.B.,Madras Veterinary College | Parthiban J.K.,Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine | And 8 more authors.
Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy | Year: 2014

Introduction: In spite of extensive research, the progress toward a cure in spinal cord injury (SCI) is still elusive, which holds good for the cell- and stem cell-based therapies. We have critically analyzed seven known gray areas in SCI, indicating the specific arenas for research to improvise the outcome of cell-based therapies in SCI. Areas covered: The seven, specific known gray areas in SCI analyzed are: i) the gap between animal models and human victims; ii) uncertainty about the time, route and dosage of cells applied; iii) source of the most efficacious cells for therapy; iv) inability to address the vascular compromise during SCI; v) lack of non-invasive methodologies to track the transplanted cells; vi) need for scaffolds to retain the cells at the site of injury; and vii) physical and chemical stimuli that might be required for synapses formation yielding functional neurons. Expert opinion: Further research on scaffolds for retaining the transplanted cells at the lesion, chemical and physical stimuli that may help neurons become functional, a meta-analysis of timing of the cell therapy, mode of application and larger clinical studies are essential to improve the outcome. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.


John S.,Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine | Natarajan S.,Aditya Jyot Eye Hospital | Parikumar P.,Light Eye Hospital | Shanmugam P M.,Sankara Eye Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Ophthalmology | Year: 2013

Background. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex disorder that affects primarily the macula involving the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) but also to a certain extent the photoreceptor layer and the retinal neurons. Cell transplantation is a promising option for AMD and clinical trials are underway using different cell types. Methods. We hypothesize that instead of focusing on a particular cell source for concurrent regeneration of all the retinal layers and also to prevent exhaustive research on an array of cell sources for regeneration of each layer, the choice should depend on, precisely, which layer is damaged. Results. Thus, for a damage limited to the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) layer, the choice we suggest would be RPE cells. When the damage extends to rods and cones, the choice would be bone marrow stem cells and when retinal neurons are involved, relatively immature stem cell populations with an inherent capacity to yield neuronal lineage such as hematopoietic stem cells, embryonic stem cells, or induced pluripotent stem cells can be tried. Conclusion. This short review will prove to be a valuable guideline for those working on cell therapy for AMD to plan their future directions of research and therapy for this condition. © 2013 Sudhakar John et al.


Manjunath S.R.,Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine | Ramanan G.,Cancer Research and Relief Trust | Dedeepiya V.D.,Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine | Terunuma H.,Biotherapy Institute of Japan | And 9 more authors.
Case Reports in Oncology | Year: 2012

Current therapeutic modalities for ovarian cancer such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery have been reported to yield only marginal success in improving survival rates of patients and have associated adverse effects. We report here a case of recurrent stage IV ovarian cancer, treated with cell-based autologous immune enhancement therapy (AIET) along with chemotherapy and followed up for 18 months. A 54-year-old female was diagnosed with a recurrence of ovarian carcinoma 1 year after initial surgical removal followed by chemotherapy for stage IIIC ovarian carcinoma. When diagnosed in 2010 with recurrence, she had liver and spleen metastases with a CA-125 level of 243 U/ml and a stage IV clinical status. Six infusions of AIET using autologous in vitro expanded and activated natural killer (NK) cells (CD3-CD56+) and activated T lymphocytes (CD3+CD56+) were administered in combination with 6 cycles of chemotherapy with carboplatin and doxorubicin. Following this treatment, CA-125 decreased to 4.7 U/ml along with regression of the metastatic lesions and an improved quality of life. No adverse reactions were reported after the AIET transfusions. Eighteen months of follow-up revealed a static nonprogressive disease. Combining AIET with chemotherapy and other conventional treatments has been found to be effective in our experience, as reported earlier, even in patients with advanced ovarian cancer, and we recommend this strategy be considered in treating similar cases. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.


PubMed | Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine, Yamanashi University, Apollo Speciality Hospitals and Biotherapy Institute of Japan
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of hematology & blood transfusion : an official journal of Indian Society of Hematology and Blood Transfusion | Year: 2014

Advances in current treatment regimens in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have resulted in cure rates of 75-80%. Some molecular genetic abnormalities confer a poor prognosis. Of these, the chromosomal translocation t (9;22)-Philadelphia chromosome is associated with the worst outcome in childhood ALL. Optimal therapy for this variant of ALL includes chemotherapy as per high risk schedule, imatinib and early stem cell transplantation. We report here the successful natural killer cell-based autologous immune enhancement therapy along with chemotherapy and imatinib in a patient with Philadelphia chromosome positive ALL.


PubMed | Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine, Ruma Biotherapy Research Center, Institute of Child Health & Hospital for Children, Government Kasturba Gandhi Hospital and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Intractable & rare diseases research | Year: 2014

In vitro expansion and characterization of neural precursor cells from human gut biopsy specimens with or without Hirschsprungs disease using a novel thermoreversible gelation polymer (TGP) is reported aiming at a possible future treatment. Gut biopsy samples were obtained from five patients undergoing gut resection for Hirschsprungs disease (n = 1) or gastrointestinal disorders (n = 4). Cells isolated from the smooth muscle layer and the myenteric plexus were cultured in two groups for 18 to 28 days; Group I: conventional culture as earlier reported and Group II: using TGP scaffold. Neurosphere like bodies (NLBs) were observed in the cultures between 8th to 12th day and H & E staining was positive for neural cells in both groups including aganglionic gut portion from the Hirschsprungs disease patient. Immunohistochemistry using S-100 and neuron specific enolase (NSE) was positive in both groups but the TGP group (Group II) showed more number of cells with intense cytoplasmic granular positivity for both NSE and S-100 compared to Group I. TGP supports the in vitro expansion of human gut derived neuronal cells with seemingly better quality NLBs. Animal Studies can be tried to validate their functional outcome by transplanting the NLBs with TGP scaffolds to see whether this can enhance the outcome of cell based therapies for Hirschsprungs disease.


Sunil P.M.,Annamalai University | Manikandhan R.,Meeanakshi Ammal Dental College | Muthu M.S.,Saveetha Dental College | Abraham S.,Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2012

Cells with unique capacity for self-renewal and potency are called stem cells. With appropriate biochemical signals stem cells can be transformed into desirable cells. The idea behind this article is to shortly review the obtained literature on stem cell with respect to their properties, types and advantages of dental stem cells. Emphasis has been given to the possibilities of stem cell therapy in the oral and maxillofacial region including regeneration of tooth and craniofacial defects.


PubMed | Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology letters | Year: 2012

The functional profile of natural killer (NK) cells has been reported to be lower in auto-immune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA). In this study, we report a comparative analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) and the in vitro expansion of NK cells in a patient with AIHA and cancer, with that of other cancer patients without AIHA. PBMNCs and in vitro NK-cell expansion of a 64-year old female patient with ovarian cancer and AIHA was compared with that of four other patients with cancer without AIHA who underwent autologous immune enhancement therapy (AIET). The NK cells were cultured using autologous plasma without feeder layers. The quantities of PBMNCs, NK cells and CD3-CD56+ cells were compared. The average quantity of PBMNCs per ml in Cases I to V were 10.71, 39.2, 49.26, 65.16 and 49.3310(4), respectively, and the average maximum count of NK cells was 3.9, 1730.03, 1824.16, 1058.61 and 76110(6), respectively. The average percentage of CD3-CD56+ cells in Cases I to V following in vitro expansion was 1.2, 65.7, 28.63, 65.9 and 40%, respectively. In the present study, probably the first in the literature, the in vitro expansion of NK cells was found to be significantly lower in the AIHA patient. Previously, only a lower NK-cell functional profile was reported. Further studies are required to establish the association between AIHA and NK-cell profile and in vitro expansion, and to find common antibodies between red blood cells (RBCs) and NK cells.


PubMed | Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Case reports in oncology | Year: 2012

Current therapeutic modalities for ovarian cancer such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery have been reported to yield only marginal success in improving survival rates of patients and have associated adverse effects. We report here a case of recurrent stage IV ovarian cancer, treated with cell-based autologous immune enhancement therapy (AIET) along with chemotherapy and followed up for 18 months. A 54-year-old female was diagnosed with a recurrence of ovarian carcinoma 1 year after initial surgical removal followed by chemotherapy for stage IIIC ovarian carcinoma. When diagnosed in 2010 with recurrence, she had liver and spleen metastases with a CA-125 level of 243 U/ml and a stage IV clinical status. Six infusions of AIET using autologous in vitro expanded and activated natural killer (NK) cells (CD3-CD56+) and activated T lymphocytes (CD3+CD56+) were administered in combination with 6 cycles of chemotherapy with carboplatin and doxorubicin. Following this treatment, CA-125 decreased to 4.7 U/ml along with regression of the metastatic lesions and an improved quality of life. No adverse reactions were reported after the AIET transfusions. Eighteen months of follow-up revealed a static nonprogressive disease. Combining AIET with chemotherapy and other conventional treatments has been found to be effective in our experience, as reported earlier, even in patients with advanced ovarian cancer, and we recommend this strategy be considered in treating similar cases.


PubMed | Nichi In Center for Regenerative Medicine
Type: | Journal: Bone marrow research | Year: 2012

Introduction. Recent evidence of safety and efficacy of Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells (BMMNC) in spinal cord injury makes the Bone Marrow (BM) CD34+ percentage and the BMMNC count gain significance. The indices of BM that change with body mass index and aging in general population have been reported but seldom in Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) victims, whose parameters of relevance differ from general population. Herein, we report the indices of BMMNC in SCI victims. Materials and Methods. BMMNCs of 332 SCI patients were isolated under GMP protocols. Cell count by Trypan blue method and CD34+ cells by flow cytometry were documented and analysed across ages and gender. Results. The average BMMNC per ml in the age groups 0-20, 21-40, 41-60, and 61-80 years were 4.71, 4.03, 3.67, and 3.02 million and the CD34+ were 1.05%, 1.04%, 0.94%, and 0.93% respectively. The decline in CD34+ was sharp between 20-40 and 40-60 age groups. Females of reproductive age group had lesser CD34+. Conclusion. The BMMNC and CD34+ percentages decline with aging in SCI victims. Their lower values in females during reproductive age should be analysed for relevance to hormonal influence. This study offers reference values of BMMNC and CD34+ of SCI victims for successful clinical application.

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