NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences

Breda, Netherlands

NHTV Breda University of Applied science is a vocational university in Breda, Netherlands. It was founded in 1987 with the merger of two educational institutions. Since, the university has increased in the number of staff, students and programmes offered. In 2010 there are more than 7,000 students from over 70 countries studying in the university in different types of programmes offered both in English and Dutch. NHTV Breda University offers 18 full-time bachelor's degree programmes. Two master programmes and one part-time bachelor's degree programme. NHTV Breda University is currently offering nine English taught bachelor programmes and five English taught master programmes. Wikipedia.

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Lewis A.G.,Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics | Lewis A.G.,Donders Institute for Brain | Bastiaansen M.,Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics | Bastiaansen M.,NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences
Cortex | Year: 2015

There is a growing literature investigating the relationship between oscillatory neural dynamics measured using electroencephalography (EEG) and/or magnetoencephalography (MEG), and sentence-level language comprehension. Recent proposals have suggested a strong link between predictive coding accounts of the hierarchical flow of information in the brain, and oscillatory neural dynamics in the beta and gamma frequency ranges. We propose that findings relating beta and gamma oscillations to sentence-level language comprehension might be unified under such a predictive coding account. Our suggestion is that oscillatory activity in the beta frequency range may reflect both the active maintenance of the current network configuration responsible for representing the sentence-level meaning under construction, and the top-down propagation of predictions to hierarchically lower processing levels based on that representation. In addition, we suggest that oscillatory activity in the low and middle gamma range reflect the matching of top-down predictions with bottom-up linguistic input, while evoked high gamma might reflect the propagation of bottom-up prediction errors to higher levels of the processing hierarchy. We also discuss some of the implications of this predictive coding framework, and we outline ideas for how these might be tested experimentally. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Magyari L.,Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics | Bastiaansen M.C.M.,Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics | Bastiaansen M.C.M.,NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences | de Ruiter J.P.,Bielefeld University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience | Year: 2014

RTs in conversation, with average gaps of 200 msec and often less, beat standard RTs, despite the complexity of response and the lag in speech production (600 msec or more). This can only be achieved by anticipation of timing and content of turns in conversation, about which little is known.Using EEGand an experimental task with conversational stimuli, we show that estimation of turn durations are based on anticipating the way the turn would be completed.We found a neuronal correlate of turn-end anticipation localized in ACC and inferior parietal lobule, namely a beta-frequency desynchronization as early as 1250 msec, before the end of the turn.We suggest that anticipation of the other’s utterance leads to accurately timed transitions in everyday conversations. © 2014 Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Lewis A.G.,Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics | Lewis A.G.,Donders Institute for Brain | Wang L.,CAS Institute of Psychology | Bastiaansen M.,Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics | Bastiaansen M.,NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences
Brain and Language | Year: 2015

The role of neuronal oscillations during language comprehension is not yet well understood. In this paper we review and reinterpret the functional roles of beta- and gamma-band oscillatory activity during language comprehension at the sentence and discourse level. We discuss the evidence in favor of a role for beta and gamma in unification (the unification hypothesis), and in light of mounting evidence that cannot be accounted for under this hypothesis, we explore an alternative proposal linking beta and gamma oscillations to maintenance and prediction (respectively) during language comprehension. Our maintenance/prediction hypothesis is able to account for most of the findings that are currently available relating beta and gamma oscillations to language comprehension, and is in good agreement with other proposals about the roles of beta and gamma in domain-general cognitive processing. In conclusion we discuss proposals for further testing and comparing the prediction and unification hypotheses. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

Bastiaansen M.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Bastiaansen M.,NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences | Hagoort P.,Radboud University Nijmegen
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience | Year: 2015

During sentence level language comprehension, semantic and syntactic unification are functionally distinct operations. Nevertheless, both recruit roughly the same brain areas (spatially overlapping networks in the left frontotemporal cortex) and happen at the same time (in the first few hundred milliseconds after word onset). We tested the hypothesis that semantic and syntactic unification are segregated by means of neuronal synchronization of the functionally relevant networks in different frequency ranges: gamma (40 Hz and up) for semantic unification and lower beta (10–20 Hz) for syntactic unification. EEG power changes were quantified as participants read either correct sentences, syntactically correct though meaningless sentences (syntactic prose), or sentences that did not contain any syntactic structure (random word lists). Other sentences contained either a semantic anomaly or a syntactic violation at a critical word in the sentence. Larger EEG gamma-band power was observed for semantically coherent than for semantically anomalous sentences. Similarly, betaband power was larger for syntactically correct sentences than for incorrect ones. These results confirm the existence of a functional dissociation in EEG oscillatory dynamics during sentence level language comprehension that is compatible with the notion of a frequency-based segregation of syntactic and semantic unification. © 2015 Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Wang L.,CAS Institute of Psychology | Bastiaansen M.,NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences
Brain and Language | Year: 2014

This study examines the automaticity of processing the emotional aspects of words, and characterizes the oscillatory brain dynamics that accompany this automatic processing. Participants read emotionally negative, neutral and positive nouns while performing a color detection task in which only perceptual-level analysis was required. Event-related potentials and time frequency representations were computed from the concurrently measured EEG. Negative words elicited a larger P2 and a larger late positivity than positive and neutral words, indicating deeper semantic/evaluative processing of negative words. In addition, sustained alpha power suppressions were found for the emotional compared to neutral words, in the time range from 500 to 1000. ms post-stimulus. These results suggest that sustained attention was allocated to the emotional words, whereas the attention allocated to the neutral words was released after an initial analysis. This seems to hold even when the emotional content of the words is task-irrelevant. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Nawijn J.,NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences | Nawijn J.,Erasmus University Rotterdam
International Journal of Tourism Research | Year: 2010

We take holidays for pleasure, but how well do we actually feel during our holiday? This question was addressed in a study of 481 international tourists in the Netherlands, who answered questions about their mood of the day and about their satisfaction with life in general. Average mood appears to be high. Mood was somewhat lower among people who were in the first 'travel phase' of about 10% of the holiday duration. Mood was highest during the 'core phase', which covers about 70% of the holiday time. Mood then declines slightly, but increases during the last part of the holiday. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Bikker J.,NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences
Computer Graphics Forum | Year: 2012

In this paper, we investigate the efficiency of ray queries on the CPU in the context of path tracing, where ray distributions are mostly random. We show that existing schemes that exploit data locality to improve ray tracing efficiency fail to do so beyond the first diffuse bounce, and analyze the cause for this. We then present an alternative scheme inspired by the work of Pharr et al. in which we improve data locality by using a data-centric breadth-first approach. We show that our scheme improves on state-of-the-art performance for ray distributions in a path tracer. © 2012 The Eurographics Association and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Bondarev V.,NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences
Proceedings of the Symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics | Year: 2014

Shadow Map Silhouette Revectorization (SMSR) is a two-pass filtering technique inspired by Jorge Jimenez's MLAA [Jimenez et al. 2011] which aims to improve the visual quality of a projected shadow map by concealing the perspective aliasing with an additional umbra surface. In most cases undersampled areas result in a higher shadow silhouette edge quality. However, the technique is relatively new and has plenty of room for improvement. © 2014 held by the Owner/Author.

Calvi L.,NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2015

Can audience embarrassment be used to shape interactions in public settings? Is this the threshold for an audience to step in and / or out of the interaction in performative interactions in public space? The proliferation of mobile and ubiquitous devices has shifted the attention to the design of interactive systems for use in public settings. This design applies the notion of performance to attract and engage audiences. Because performance becomes such a core part of the interaction, the success of those interactive systems heavily depends upon the physical, social and emotional context in which they are to be used. Indeed, strangers around a potential user may hinder or encourage that individual's participation in the interaction. Similarly, the physical space in which the interaction takes place, public or semipublic space may as well facilitate audience participation or prevent it. This paper investigates what characteristics of this setting (perceived / felt) can trigger audience participation in the interaction. A model based on the notion of performance and entailing some degree of felt embarrassment is applied to two cases to explain how the potential embarrassment implicit in any interaction in public space can be used to encourage users’ participation in it. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.

Peeters P.,NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences | Landre M.,NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences
Sustainability | Year: 2012

The current development of tourism is environmentally unsustainable. Specifically, tourism's contribution to climate change is increasing while other sectors are reducing their greenhouse gas emissions. This paper has two goals: reveal the main structural cause for tourism's emission growth and show the consequences thereof for (mitigation) policies. It is reasoned that the main cause for tourism's strong emission growth is the time-space expansion of global tourism behavior. Contemporary tourism theory and geography fail to clearly describe this geographical development, making it difficult to understand this expansion and develop effective policies to mitigate environmental impacts. Therefore, this paper explores some elements of a 'new tourism geography' and shows how this may help to better understand the causes of the environmentally unsustainable development of tourism with respect to climate change and devise mitigation policies. © 2012 by the authors.

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