Nez Perce Tribe

Post Falls, ID, United States

Nez Perce Tribe

Post Falls, ID, United States

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First Nations & Oweesta Launch New “Native Financial Learning Network” Under a Generous Grant Provided by Northwest Area Foundation LONGMONT, Colorado (May 23, 2017) – First Nations Development Institute (First Nations) today announced the launch of the “Native Financial Learning Network.” Managed in partnership with First Nations’ wholly-owned subsidiary, First Nations Oweesta Corporation (Oweesta), the Native Financial Learning Network (NFLN) will promote peer learning for six partner organizations as they build and grow their financial education programs. Members of NFLN will work to improve or scale up a financial education program that is designed to build skills and knowledge within the Native American communities they serve. The groups will also receive financial support and technical assistance. The NFLN is funded through a generous grant from the Northwest Area Foundation through its Pathways to Financial Inclusion initiative. First Nations and Oweesta will be partnering with the organizations and providing technical assistance to them over a two-year period. The partners are Pinnacle Bank, a program of Meskwaki Nation; Northern Eagle Federal Credit Union/Bois Forte Housing Department; People’s Partner for Community Development, serving the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation and working in partnership with Chief Dull Knife College’s Cooperative Extension program; Bii Gii Wiin Community Development Fund, based in Minneapolis; Leech Lake Financial Services, serving the Leech Lake Indian Reservation; and several groups serving the Nez Perce Tribe, including NiMiiPuu Community Development Fund, I-Vision (Nez Perce Youth Project), and Nez Perce Tribal Enterprises. “We are delighted to be kicking off the project with a meeting at the end of May,” said Sarah Dewees, Senior Director of Research, Policy and Asset-Building Programs at First Nations. “These face-to-face meetings are an important part of supporting peer learning and sharing best practices.” “We look forward to working with our partners to help them build and grow their financial education programs using culturally-tailored approaches,” said Krystal Langholz, Oweesta Chief Operating Officer. “The need for effective financial education programs is strong in Indian Country, and we are honored to have the chance to work with several dynamic organizations as they find new and innovative ways to serve their communities.” “We appreciate the support of Northwest Area Foundation in promoting financial empowerment and financial education in its region,” shared Chrystel Cornelius, Executive Director of Oweesta. For 36 years, using a three-pronged strategy of educating grassroots practitioners, advocating for systemic change, and capitalizing Indian communities, First Nations has been working to restore Native American control and culturally-compatible stewardship of the assets they own – be they land, human potential, cultural heritage or natural resources – and to establish new assets for ensuring the long-term vitality of Native American communities.  First Nations serves Native American communities throughout the United States. For more information, visit www.firstnations.org. First Nations Oweesta Corporation is dedicated to growing the Native Community Development Financial Institution (CDFI) industry, and it has directly contributed to the availability of needed debt capital in tribal communities. Oweesta is a CDFI intermediary that helps build strong Native American institutions and programs through professional services designed to enhance local capacity and provide tools for Native community development.  Oweesta’s primary programs include capitalization of Native CDFIs plus training, technical assistance and consulting. For more information, visit www.oweesta.org. Sarah Dewees, First Nations Senior Director of Research, Policy & Asset-Building Programs (540) 371-5615 or sdewees@firstnations.org


First Nations & Oweesta Launch New “Native Financial Learning Network” Under a Generous Grant Provided by Northwest Area Foundation LONGMONT, Colorado (May 23, 2017) – First Nations Development Institute (First Nations) today announced the launch of the “Native Financial Learning Network.” Managed in partnership with First Nations’ wholly-owned subsidiary, First Nations Oweesta Corporation (Oweesta), the Native Financial Learning Network (NFLN) will promote peer learning for six partner organizations as they build and grow their financial education programs. Members of NFLN will work to improve or scale up a financial education program that is designed to build skills and knowledge within the Native American communities they serve. The groups will also receive financial support and technical assistance. The NFLN is funded through a generous grant from the Northwest Area Foundation through its Pathways to Financial Inclusion initiative. First Nations and Oweesta will be partnering with the organizations and providing technical assistance to them over a two-year period. The partners are Pinnacle Bank, a program of Meskwaki Nation; Northern Eagle Federal Credit Union/Bois Forte Housing Department; People’s Partner for Community Development, serving the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation and working in partnership with Chief Dull Knife College’s Cooperative Extension program; Bii Gii Wiin Community Development Fund, based in Minneapolis; Leech Lake Financial Services, serving the Leech Lake Indian Reservation; and several groups serving the Nez Perce Tribe, including NiMiiPuu Community Development Fund, I-Vision (Nez Perce Youth Project), and Nez Perce Tribal Enterprises. “We are delighted to be kicking off the project with a meeting at the end of May,” said Sarah Dewees, Senior Director of Research, Policy and Asset-Building Programs at First Nations. “These face-to-face meetings are an important part of supporting peer learning and sharing best practices.” “We look forward to working with our partners to help them build and grow their financial education programs using culturally-tailored approaches,” said Krystal Langholz, Oweesta Chief Operating Officer. “The need for effective financial education programs is strong in Indian Country, and we are honored to have the chance to work with several dynamic organizations as they find new and innovative ways to serve their communities.” “We appreciate the support of Northwest Area Foundation in promoting financial empowerment and financial education in its region,” shared Chrystel Cornelius, Executive Director of Oweesta. For 36 years, using a three-pronged strategy of educating grassroots practitioners, advocating for systemic change, and capitalizing Indian communities, First Nations has been working to restore Native American control and culturally-compatible stewardship of the assets they own – be they land, human potential, cultural heritage or natural resources – and to establish new assets for ensuring the long-term vitality of Native American communities.  First Nations serves Native American communities throughout the United States. For more information, visit www.firstnations.org. First Nations Oweesta Corporation is dedicated to growing the Native Community Development Financial Institution (CDFI) industry, and it has directly contributed to the availability of needed debt capital in tribal communities. Oweesta is a CDFI intermediary that helps build strong Native American institutions and programs through professional services designed to enhance local capacity and provide tools for Native community development.  Oweesta’s primary programs include capitalization of Native CDFIs plus training, technical assistance and consulting. For more information, visit www.oweesta.org. Sarah Dewees, First Nations Senior Director of Research, Policy & Asset-Building Programs (540) 371-5615 or sdewees@firstnations.org


First Nations & Oweesta Launch New “Native Financial Learning Network” Under a Generous Grant Provided by Northwest Area Foundation LONGMONT, Colorado (May 23, 2017) – First Nations Development Institute (First Nations) today announced the launch of the “Native Financial Learning Network.” Managed in partnership with First Nations’ wholly-owned subsidiary, First Nations Oweesta Corporation (Oweesta), the Native Financial Learning Network (NFLN) will promote peer learning for six partner organizations as they build and grow their financial education programs. Members of NFLN will work to improve or scale up a financial education program that is designed to build skills and knowledge within the Native American communities they serve. The groups will also receive financial support and technical assistance. The NFLN is funded through a generous grant from the Northwest Area Foundation through its Pathways to Financial Inclusion initiative. First Nations and Oweesta will be partnering with the organizations and providing technical assistance to them over a two-year period. The partners are Pinnacle Bank, a program of Meskwaki Nation; Northern Eagle Federal Credit Union/Bois Forte Housing Department; People’s Partner for Community Development, serving the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation and working in partnership with Chief Dull Knife College’s Cooperative Extension program; Bii Gii Wiin Community Development Fund, based in Minneapolis; Leech Lake Financial Services, serving the Leech Lake Indian Reservation; and several groups serving the Nez Perce Tribe, including NiMiiPuu Community Development Fund, I-Vision (Nez Perce Youth Project), and Nez Perce Tribal Enterprises. “We are delighted to be kicking off the project with a meeting at the end of May,” said Sarah Dewees, Senior Director of Research, Policy and Asset-Building Programs at First Nations. “These face-to-face meetings are an important part of supporting peer learning and sharing best practices.” “We look forward to working with our partners to help them build and grow their financial education programs using culturally-tailored approaches,” said Krystal Langholz, Oweesta Chief Operating Officer. “The need for effective financial education programs is strong in Indian Country, and we are honored to have the chance to work with several dynamic organizations as they find new and innovative ways to serve their communities.” “We appreciate the support of Northwest Area Foundation in promoting financial empowerment and financial education in its region,” shared Chrystel Cornelius, Executive Director of Oweesta. For 36 years, using a three-pronged strategy of educating grassroots practitioners, advocating for systemic change, and capitalizing Indian communities, First Nations has been working to restore Native American control and culturally-compatible stewardship of the assets they own – be they land, human potential, cultural heritage or natural resources – and to establish new assets for ensuring the long-term vitality of Native American communities.  First Nations serves Native American communities throughout the United States. For more information, visit www.firstnations.org. First Nations Oweesta Corporation is dedicated to growing the Native Community Development Financial Institution (CDFI) industry, and it has directly contributed to the availability of needed debt capital in tribal communities. Oweesta is a CDFI intermediary that helps build strong Native American institutions and programs through professional services designed to enhance local capacity and provide tools for Native community development.  Oweesta’s primary programs include capitalization of Native CDFIs plus training, technical assistance and consulting. For more information, visit www.oweesta.org. Sarah Dewees, First Nations Senior Director of Research, Policy & Asset-Building Programs (540) 371-5615 or sdewees@firstnations.org


First Nations & Oweesta Launch New “Native Financial Learning Network” Under a Generous Grant Provided by Northwest Area Foundation LONGMONT, Colorado (May 23, 2017) – First Nations Development Institute (First Nations) today announced the launch of the “Native Financial Learning Network.” Managed in partnership with First Nations’ wholly-owned subsidiary, First Nations Oweesta Corporation (Oweesta), the Native Financial Learning Network (NFLN) will promote peer learning for six partner organizations as they build and grow their financial education programs. Members of NFLN will work to improve or scale up a financial education program that is designed to build skills and knowledge within the Native American communities they serve. The groups will also receive financial support and technical assistance. The NFLN is funded through a generous grant from the Northwest Area Foundation through its Pathways to Financial Inclusion initiative. First Nations and Oweesta will be partnering with the organizations and providing technical assistance to them over a two-year period. The partners are Pinnacle Bank, a program of Meskwaki Nation; Northern Eagle Federal Credit Union/Bois Forte Housing Department; People’s Partner for Community Development, serving the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation and working in partnership with Chief Dull Knife College’s Cooperative Extension program; Bii Gii Wiin Community Development Fund, based in Minneapolis; Leech Lake Financial Services, serving the Leech Lake Indian Reservation; and several groups serving the Nez Perce Tribe, including NiMiiPuu Community Development Fund, I-Vision (Nez Perce Youth Project), and Nez Perce Tribal Enterprises. “We are delighted to be kicking off the project with a meeting at the end of May,” said Sarah Dewees, Senior Director of Research, Policy and Asset-Building Programs at First Nations. “These face-to-face meetings are an important part of supporting peer learning and sharing best practices.” “We look forward to working with our partners to help them build and grow their financial education programs using culturally-tailored approaches,” said Krystal Langholz, Oweesta Chief Operating Officer. “The need for effective financial education programs is strong in Indian Country, and we are honored to have the chance to work with several dynamic organizations as they find new and innovative ways to serve their communities.” “We appreciate the support of Northwest Area Foundation in promoting financial empowerment and financial education in its region,” shared Chrystel Cornelius, Executive Director of Oweesta. For 36 years, using a three-pronged strategy of educating grassroots practitioners, advocating for systemic change, and capitalizing Indian communities, First Nations has been working to restore Native American control and culturally-compatible stewardship of the assets they own – be they land, human potential, cultural heritage or natural resources – and to establish new assets for ensuring the long-term vitality of Native American communities.  First Nations serves Native American communities throughout the United States. For more information, visit www.firstnations.org. First Nations Oweesta Corporation is dedicated to growing the Native Community Development Financial Institution (CDFI) industry, and it has directly contributed to the availability of needed debt capital in tribal communities. Oweesta is a CDFI intermediary that helps build strong Native American institutions and programs through professional services designed to enhance local capacity and provide tools for Native community development.  Oweesta’s primary programs include capitalization of Native CDFIs plus training, technical assistance and consulting. For more information, visit www.oweesta.org. Sarah Dewees, First Nations Senior Director of Research, Policy & Asset-Building Programs (540) 371-5615 or sdewees@firstnations.org


First Nations & Oweesta Launch New “Native Financial Learning Network” Under a Generous Grant Provided by Northwest Area Foundation LONGMONT, Colorado (May 23, 2017) – First Nations Development Institute (First Nations) today announced the launch of the “Native Financial Learning Network.” Managed in partnership with First Nations’ wholly-owned subsidiary, First Nations Oweesta Corporation (Oweesta), the Native Financial Learning Network (NFLN) will promote peer learning for six partner organizations as they build and grow their financial education programs. Members of NFLN will work to improve or scale up a financial education program that is designed to build skills and knowledge within the Native American communities they serve. The groups will also receive financial support and technical assistance. The NFLN is funded through a generous grant from the Northwest Area Foundation through its Pathways to Financial Inclusion initiative. First Nations and Oweesta will be partnering with the organizations and providing technical assistance to them over a two-year period. The partners are Pinnacle Bank, a program of Meskwaki Nation; Northern Eagle Federal Credit Union/Bois Forte Housing Department; People’s Partner for Community Development, serving the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation and working in partnership with Chief Dull Knife College’s Cooperative Extension program; Bii Gii Wiin Community Development Fund, based in Minneapolis; Leech Lake Financial Services, serving the Leech Lake Indian Reservation; and several groups serving the Nez Perce Tribe, including NiMiiPuu Community Development Fund, I-Vision (Nez Perce Youth Project), and Nez Perce Tribal Enterprises. “We are delighted to be kicking off the project with a meeting at the end of May,” said Sarah Dewees, Senior Director of Research, Policy and Asset-Building Programs at First Nations. “These face-to-face meetings are an important part of supporting peer learning and sharing best practices.” “We look forward to working with our partners to help them build and grow their financial education programs using culturally-tailored approaches,” said Krystal Langholz, Oweesta Chief Operating Officer. “The need for effective financial education programs is strong in Indian Country, and we are honored to have the chance to work with several dynamic organizations as they find new and innovative ways to serve their communities.” “We appreciate the support of Northwest Area Foundation in promoting financial empowerment and financial education in its region,” shared Chrystel Cornelius, Executive Director of Oweesta. For 36 years, using a three-pronged strategy of educating grassroots practitioners, advocating for systemic change, and capitalizing Indian communities, First Nations has been working to restore Native American control and culturally-compatible stewardship of the assets they own – be they land, human potential, cultural heritage or natural resources – and to establish new assets for ensuring the long-term vitality of Native American communities.  First Nations serves Native American communities throughout the United States. For more information, visit www.firstnations.org. First Nations Oweesta Corporation is dedicated to growing the Native Community Development Financial Institution (CDFI) industry, and it has directly contributed to the availability of needed debt capital in tribal communities. Oweesta is a CDFI intermediary that helps build strong Native American institutions and programs through professional services designed to enhance local capacity and provide tools for Native community development.  Oweesta’s primary programs include capitalization of Native CDFIs plus training, technical assistance and consulting. For more information, visit www.oweesta.org. Sarah Dewees, First Nations Senior Director of Research, Policy & Asset-Building Programs (540) 371-5615 or sdewees@firstnations.org


Hess M.A.,Columbia River Inter Tribal Fish Commission | Rabe C.D.,Nez Perce Tribe | Vogel J.L.,Nez Perce Tribe | Stephenson J.J.,Columbia River Inter Tribal Fish Commission | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Ecology | Year: 2012

While supportive breeding programmes strive to minimize negative genetic impacts to populations, case studies have found evidence for reduced fitness of artificially produced individuals when they reproduce in the wild. Pedigrees of two complete generations were tracked with molecular markers to investigate differences in reproductive success (RS) of wild and hatchery-reared Chinook salmon spawning in the natural environment to address questions regarding the demographic and genetic impacts of supplementation to a natural population. Results show a demographic boost to the population from supplementation. On average, fish taken into the hatchery produced 4.7 times more adult offspring, and 1.3 times more adult grand-offspring than naturally reproducing fish. Of the wild and hatchery fish that successfully reproduced, we found no significant differences in RS between any comparisons, but hatchery-reared males typically had lower RS values than wild males. Mean relative reproductive success (RRS) for hatchery F1 females and males was 1.11 (P = 0.84) and 0.89 (P = 0.56), respectively. RRS of hatchery-reared fish (H) that mated in the wild with either hatchery or wild-origin (W) fish was generally equivalent to W × W matings. Mean RRS of H × W and H × H matings was 1.07 (P = 0.92) and 0.94 (P = 0.95), respectively. We conclude that fish chosen for hatchery rearing did not have a detectable negative impact on the fitness of wild fish by mating with them for a single generation. Results suggest that supplementation following similar management practices (e.g. 100% local, wild-origin brood stock) can successfully boost population size with minimal impacts on the fitness of salmon in the wild. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


Stenglein J.L.,University of Idaho | Waits L.P.,University of Idaho | Ausband D.E.,University of Montana | Zager P.,316 16th Street | MacK C.M.,Nez Perce Tribe
Journal of Wildlife Management | Year: 2010

Traditional methods of monitoring gray wolves (Canis lupus) are expensive and invasive and require extensive efforts to capture individual animals. Noninvasive genetic sampling (NGS) is an alternative method that can provide data to answer management questions and complement already-existing methods. In a 2-year study, we tested this approach for Idaho gray wolves in areas of known high and low wolf density. To focus sampling efforts across a large study area and increase our chances of detecting reproductive packs, we visited 964 areas with landscape characteristics similar to known wolf rendezvous sites. We collected scat or hair samples from 20 of sites and identified 122 wolves, using 8-9 microsatellite loci. We used the minimum count of wolves to accurately detect known differences in wolf density. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian single-session population estimators performed similarly and accurately estimated the population size, compared with a radiotelemetry population estimate, in both years, and an average of 1.7 captures per individual were necessary for achieving accurate population estimates. Subsampling scenarios revealed that both scat and hair samples were important for achieving accurate population estimates, but visiting 75 and 50 of the sites still gave reasonable estimates and reduced costs. Our research provides managers with an efficient and accurate method for monitoring high-density and low-density wolf populations in remote areas. © 2010 The Wildlife Society.


Stenglein J.L.,University of Idaho | Waits L.P.,University of Idaho | Ausband D.E.,University of Montana | Zager P.,316 16th Street | MacK C.M.,Nez Perce Tribe
Journal of Mammalogy | Year: 2011

Studying the ecology and behavior of pack animals often requires that most, or all, of the pack members are sampled. A unique opportunity to sample all gray wolf (Canis lupus) pack members arises during the summer months when reproductive packs localize in rendezvous sites. We collected 155296 scat and hair samples from each of 5 wolf rendezvous sites in central Idaho to evaluate intrapack relationships and determine the efficacy of noninvasive genetic sampling (NGS) for estimating pack size and family relationships. We detected 65 wolves (520 wolves per pack) with NGS, and the pack counts from NGS were the same or higher for adults and the same or slightly lower for pups compared with the counts from observation and telemetry. The wolves in each pack were closely related to one another, and all packs included at least 2 years of offspring from the current breeding pair. Three of the packs had additional breeding adults present. In 1 pack pups were produced by a parentoffspring pair and a pair of their inbred full siblings, indicating multiple cases of inbreeding. This targeted NGS approach shows great promise for studying pack size and wolf social structure without the use of radiotelemetry or direct observations. © 2011 American Society of Mammalogists.


News Article | October 12, 2016
Site: www.forbes.com

Early this month, a federal judge forced discussion of a radical step to save endangered salmon: taking out four somewhat large hydroelectric dams on the Lower Snake River in Washington State. These four dams include Ice Harbor, Lower Monumental, Little Goose and Lower Granite Dams. They are fairly old dams and were not optimized for salmon survival. They were built primarily for navigation of barge and various river traffic, for low-carbon power, and to lesser degrees for flood control and irrigation. And despite millions of dollars spent on fish passage improvements, adult salmon still die in the reservoirs behind the dams, especially as the water can get quite warm sitting there during the summer. In addition, the Snake River is the gateway to thousands of square miles of pristine, high-elevation habitat in Idaho, Washington and Oregon, essential for salmon survival in a warming climate. Significantly, the necessity of these dams for navigation has fallen since the region’s rail system has dramatically improved and truck transport can handle the rest. But it’s the power generation of these dams that gives us an environmental conundrum. Which is more important, salmon or carbon emissions? Ice Harbor Dam produces 1.7 billion kWhs/yr, Lower Monumental 2.3 billion kWhs/yr, Little Goose 2.2 billion kWhs/yr and Lower Granite 2.3 billion kWhs/yr, which total about 4% of the State’s electricity generation. For comparison, the nearby nuclear power plant at Columbia Generating Station produces over 9 billion kWhs/yr. Grand Coulee Dam, the largest electricity generating station in the State, and the second largest on the nation, produces 20 billion kWhs/yr. So the electricity lost by taking out these dams can be replaced by other sources, but if you care about the environment, it matters what you build to replace this power: - a single large nuclear plant like those being built in Georgia, - a small modular nuclear plant with 12 modules from companies like NuScale, - five solar plants the size of the biggest solar plant in the country, or - seven thousand MW wind turbines, as many as presently exist in the entire State. Even though a small modular nuclear plant would replace both the low-carbon power and the grid flexibility of these dams, natural gas is the obvious choice for the utility. Regulators are eager to approve gas plants, natural gas fuel costs are low, and the initial construction costs for gas are the lowest of any energy source. Most importantly though, like hydroelectric and small modular reactors, natural gas is a source that can be cycled up and down rapidly to buffer the increasing amount of renewables coming onto the grid. Dams presently provide almost all of that flexibility in the Pacific Northwest so losing these dams necessitates a replacement that can also cycle quickly. Elsewhere in the region, Washington State’s last coal plant is shutting down in 2025, which will result in almost a 50% drop in energy sector emissions overnight. But replacing these Snake River dams with natural gas would completely offset that reduction in emissions. The Bonneville Power Administration says it would replace these Lower Snake River dams with two modern gas turbines. Such a replacement would cost an additional $274 million to $372 million each year, and would increase carbon emissions by almost 3 million tons per year. U.S. District Court Judge Michael H. Simon sided with the State of Oregon, the Nez Perce Tribe, fishing groups, and environmentalists, saying that federal plans for protecting fish were not adequate, and ordered the agencies to prepare a new plan by early 2018. Moreover, Simon stated that federal agencies had "done their utmost" to avoid even considering breaching the Snake River dams, against the court’s previous suggestions to do so. While Simon said he wouldn't dictate what options agencies should consider, he said a proper analysis under federal law "may well require" considering breaching, bypassing or removing one or more of the four Lower Snake River dams. "Scientists tell us that removing the four Lower Snake dams is the single most important action we could take to restore salmon in the entire Columbia-Snake river basin," said Sam Mace of Save Our Wild Salmon. But Terry Flores, executive director of Northwest River Partners, representing public utilities, port districts and farm groups, disagrees, saying "We think those dams need to stay in place because of the multiple benefits they provide. They provide clean, carbon-free energy. We think they're an important part of the Northwest economy and the environment.” Taking out dams might sound easy, but there are some tricky issues. We have not yet decommissioned a huge hydroelectric dam, so it’s not easy to claim it will go as planned. Many positive effects like increased quality and quantity of fish species are offset by some adverse effects like decrease in mussel and other invertebrate species downstream. The relative dominance of good and bad depends strongly on how well the plan is designed and carried out. As a geologist, I have long worried about what to do with the huge sediment wedges behind the large dams. There are many upstream and downstream issues that have to be handled very well in order not to suffocate everything downstream and to protect the habitat upstream from gullying. Big dams must be decommissioned in stages in order to allow the sediments to be slowly eroded, hoping that most will not migrate downstream for decades. An excellent discussion of dam removal can be found at the U.S. Forest Service website and by Gordon Grant. Whatever is decided about the Lower Snake River dams, we can do it right if we want. Dr. James Conca is a geochemist, an energy expert, an authority on dirty bombs, a planetary geologist and professional speaker. Follow him on Twitter @jimconca and see his book at Amazon.com


News Article | February 21, 2017
Site: www.csmonitor.com

A clay model of the head of Kennewick Man, is shown in this undated file photo, based on a 9,300-year-old skull found in July 1996 in a park along the Columbia River in south-central Washington, is shown at Columbia Basin College, in Richland, Wash. The likeness was made by sculptor Tom McClelland and anthropologist Jim Chatters. —After a 20-year legal battle between scientists and Native American groups, the 9,000-year-old remains of the Kennewick Man have finally been laid to rest. The first part of the ancient man's remains, which turned out to be one of the oldest and most complete ever found in North America, was discovered in 1996 on the banks of the Columbia River in Kennewick, Wash. The remains were excavated for study by scientists, who thought that the Kennewick Man, as he came to be called, might be a descendant of people who migrated from Asia into North America even before the populations that were the ancestors of modern Native Americans came to the continent. Many local Native American tribes disagreed, claiming that the remains belonged to one of their ancestors. This claim launched a court battle in an attempt to get the Kennewick Man, whom the tribes refer to as the Ancient One, reburied according to their religious customs, as would be required by the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. Genetic tests in the early 2000s, however, led scientists to conclude that Kennewick Man was more closely related to people from Japan and Polynesia, causing the local tribes to lose federal cases in 2002 and 2004. But DNA technology has improved a great deal since then, and in 2015, a new genetic analysis found that the scientists' initial conclusions about Kennewick Man's ancestry had been incorrect. Researchers then tried to determine which Native American groups he was most similar to, as the Christian Science Monitor's Pete Spotts reported at the time: Of the small number of samples available, Kennewick Man was closer to native American groups from the Northwest. Among those, the closest link was with the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, one of five tribal groups in the region involved in efforts to repatriate the remains. The researchers offer two scenarios that could have led to the genetic differences that exist between Kennewick Man and the Colville tribes. They could have split from a common group about 700 years before Kennewick Man lived. Or the Colville group could be direct descendants, with an additional influx of other genes working their way into the genomes of the Colville group during the past 8,500 years. The team's results didn't allow them to pick an out-and-out winner among these two scenarios, says Rasmus Nielsen, a geneticist from the University of California at Berkeley and another member of the team. But, he adds, there is enough evidence to suggest that the second scenario may be the right one. "We always knew the Ancient One to be Indian," Aaron Ashley, a board member of the Umatilla tribe, told The Los Angeles Times. "We have oral stories that tell of our history on this land, and we knew, at the moment of his discovery, that he was our relation." In light of the new DNA analysis, Sen. Patty Murray (D) of Washington state introduced a bill in 2015 to repatriate the remains. The bill was signed into law by then-President Barack Obama. On Saturday, more than 200 members of the Umatilla, Yakama Nation, Nez Perce Tribe, Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, and the Wanapum Band of Indians, met at a secret burial location on the Columbia Plateau, according to The Seattle Times. The Ancient One was laid to rest with songs "very close" to what would have been sung during Kennewick Man's time, Chuck Sams, the communications director for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, told the Times. "A wrong had finally been righted," Mr. Sams told the Seattle Times. He also pointed out that over 100,000 sets of Native American remains still belong to collections across the United States. In the 20 years since the skeleton was discovered, a great deal has been learned about the Kennewick Man. Researchers determined that he weighed 163 pounds at the time of his death, and stood approximately 5 feet, 7 inches tall. He was right-handed, and appeared to have subsisted on a diet of fish or marine mammals, though he hunted various land animals as well. Before his death, at about age 40, there is evidence that Kennewick Man survived two major injuries, including a projectile point embedded in his hip bone. And for now, it seems, his story has come to a close. "The return of our ancestor to Mother Earth is a blessing for all Yakama people," reads a statement from the Yakama Nation. "The Ancient One (also known as the 'Kennewick Man') may now finally find peace, and we, his relatives, will equally feel content knowing that this work has been completed on his behalf."

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