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White Plains, NY, United States

Ghiocel S.G.,Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute | Chow J.H.,Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute | Stefopoulos G.,NewYork Power Authority NYPA | Fardanesh B.,NewYork Power Authority NYPA | And 4 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems | Year: 2014

Validation and data quality improvement of phasor data through state estimation is the first step in ensuring that the synchrophasor data is useful for applications in monitoring, visualization, and control. This paper presents a phasor-measurement-based state estimator (PSE) for improving data consistency by identifying angle biases and current scaling errors in the phasor data using the augmented state vector approach. These errors can arise from issues with the Global Positioning Signal (GPS), timing circuits, instrument channels, and/or data channel scaling. The PSE is demonstrated using several sets of disturbance data from the Central New York Power System. The PSE can also provide estimates of line parameters and transformer tap ratios with sufficient measurement redundancy. Finally, the PSE allows the computation of interface power flows for disturbance and stability monitoring. © 1969-2012 IEEE.

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