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Newport, MN, United States

Miller M.W.,Wildlife Research Center | Hause B.M.,Newport Laboratories | Killion H.J.,Wildlife Disease Laboratory | Fox K.A.,Wildlife Research Center | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases | Year: 2013

We used 16S rRNA sequencing and leukotoxin gene (lktA) screening via PCR assay to clarify phylogenetic and epidemiologic relationships among Pasteurellaceae isolated from bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis). Only six of 21 bighorn isolates identified as "Mannheimia haemolytica" in original laboratory reports appeared to be isolates of M. haemolytica sensu stricto based on 16S rRNA sequence comparisons; the remainder grouped with M. glucosida (n58) or M. ruminalis (n57). Similarly, 16S rRNA sequence comparisons grouped only 16 of 25 trehalose-fermenting bighorn isolates with reference strains of Bibersteinia trehalosi; nine other trehalose-fermenting bighorn isolates formed a clade divergent from B. trehalosi reference strains and may belong to another species. Of the 16 bighorn isolates identified as B. trehalosi by 16S rRNA sequences, only nine carried detectable lktA and thus seemed likely pathogens; none of the Bibersteinia clade isolates yielded detectable lktA despite reportedly showing b hemolysis in culture. Our findings suggest that traditional metabolismbased methods for identifying Pasteurellaceae isolates lack sufficient accuracy and resolution for reliably discerning bacterial causes of respiratory disease in bighorn sheep. Consequently, these traditional methods should minimally be augmented by molecular techniques to improve epidemiologic relevance. Streamlined surveillance approaches focused primarily on detecting pathogenic Pasteurellaceae (e.g., M. haemolytica sensu stricto and lktA-positive B. trehalosi) and other select pathogens may be most informative for investigating and managing bighorn respiratory disease. © Wildlife Disease Association 2013.

Bosworth B.,Iowa State University | Erdman M.M.,Iowa State University | Stine D.L.,Newport Laboratories | Harris I.,Iowa State University | And 7 more authors.
Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases | Year: 2010

An alphavirus derived replicon particle (RP) vaccine expressing the cluster IV H3N2 swine influenza virus (SIV) hemagglutinin (HA) gene induced protective immunity against homologous influenza virus challenge. However, pigs with maternal antibody had no protective immunity against challenge after vaccination with RP vaccines expressing HA gene alone or in combination with nucleoprotein gene. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Huang H.-J.,Wuhan Academy of Agricultural Science | Gao Q.-S.,Wuhan Academy of Agricultural Science | Qian Y.-G.,Wuhan Academy of Agricultural Science | Zhang Y.-D.,Huazhong Agricultural University | And 3 more authors.
In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Animal | Year: 2011

Embryonic stem (ES) cells have been investigated in many animal models of severe injury and degenerative disease. However, few studies have examined the ability of ES cells to improve functional outcome following mammary gland injury. This study investigates the feasibility of implanting mouse ES cells labeled with enhanced green fluorescence protein in the developing mammary glands in order to acquire lineage-committed cells in mammary (mammary gland epithelial cell or luminal cell). Cells implanted in high numbers (5×10M6 cells per mammary gland) survived in the majority of the mice and nearly 38.4% of the surviving cells were CK18+ at 15th week following the transplantation. Our results may provide a technique instrument on advanced therapy of breast diseases and the mammary regeneration after breast ablated partly. © The Society for In Vitro Biology 2010.

Anbalagan S.,Newport Laboratories | Hause B.M.,Kansas State University
Archives of Virology | Year: 2014

Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) was isolated from a pregnant cow in Indiana, USA, exhibiting excessive salivation, pyrexia and abortion. VP2, VP5, and VP7 sequences of the isolated bovine EHDV showed 97.7, 97.4, and 97.9 % identity to a serotype 2 reference virus. Bovine EHDV was closely related (>99.9 %) to white tailed deer (WTD) EHDV collected from Iowa in 2013 and showed less than 2.1 % divergence from EHDV collected from WTD across the USA in 2013. The high degree of sequence identity between bovine and WTD EHDV isolates demonstrates that similar viruses concurrently circulate in both species and suggests possible further incursions into bovines. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Wien.

Hause B.M.,Newport Laboratories | Hause B.M.,South Dakota State University | Ducatez M.,St Jude Childrens Research Hospital | Collin E.A.,Newport Laboratories | And 10 more authors.
PLoS Pathogens | Year: 2013

Of the Orthomyxoviridae family of viruses, only influenza A viruses are thought to exist as multiple subtypes and has non-human maintenance hosts. In April 2011, nasal swabs were collected for virus isolation from pigs exhibiting influenza-like illness. Subsequent electron microscopic, biochemical, and genetic studies identified an orthomyxovirus with seven RNA segments exhibiting approximately 50% overall amino acid identity to human influenza C virus. Based on its genetic organizational similarities to influenza C viruses this virus has been provisionally designated C/Oklahoma/1334/2011 (C/OK). Phylogenetic analysis of the predicted viral proteins found that the divergence between C/OK and human influenza C viruses was similar to that observed between influenza A and B viruses. No cross reactivity was observed between C/OK and human influenza C viruses using hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assays. Additionally, screening of pig and human serum samples found that 9.5% and 1.3%, respectively, of individuals had measurable HI antibody titers to C/OK virus. C/OK virus was able to infect both ferrets and pigs and transmit to naive animals by direct contact. Cell culture studies showed that C/OK virus displayed a broader cellular tropism than a human influenza C virus. The observed difference in cellular tropism was further supported by structural analysis showing that hemagglutinin esterase (HE) proteins between two viruses have conserved enzymatic but divergent receptor-binding sites. These results suggest that C/OK virus represents a new subtype of influenza C viruses that currently circulates in pigs that has not been recognized previously. The presence of multiple subtypes of co-circulating influenza C viruses raises the possibility of reassortment and antigenic shift as mechanisms of influenza C virus evolution. © 2013 Hause et al.

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