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Al-Dubai S.A.R.,Management and Science University | Al-Dubai S.A.R.,International Medical University | Ganasegeran K.,Management and Science University | Alwan M.R.,Management and Science University | And 2 more authors.
Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

Dengue fever is a major public health problem in Malaysia. This study aimed to assess factors affecting knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding dengue fever among a selected population in Malaysia. A descriptive, community-based, cross sectional study was conducted with 300 participants from three different geographical settings in urban, semi-urban, and rural areas within the states of Selangor and Kuala Lumpur. The questionnaire included questions on demographic data, knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding dengue fever. Mean age of respondents was 34.4 (± 5.7) years, and the age ranged from 18 to 65 years. The majority of respondents were married (54.7%), Malays (72.7%) and heard about dengue fever (89.7%). Television was the common source of information about dengue fever (97.0%). Participants answered 4 out of 15 items of knowledge incorrectly. There was no significant association between knowledge score and socio-demographic factors. About one-fifth of the respondents (24%) believed that immediate treatment is not necessary for dengue fever, and the majority of them were not afraid of the disease (96.0%). Attitudes toward dengue fever were significantly associated with the level of education and employment status (p<0.05). Practice was associated significantly with age, marital status, and geographic area (p<0.05) and knowledge on dengue fever (p=0.030). There is a need to increase health promotion activities through campaigns and social mobilization to increase knowledge regarding dengue fever. This would help to mold positive attitudes and cultivate better preventive practices among the public to eliminate dengue in the country. Source

Al Dubai S.A.R.,Management and Science University | Ganasegeran K.,Management and Science University | Alabsi A.M.,University of Malaya | Alshagga M.A.,Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia | Ali R.S.,University of Malaya
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge of oral cancer and its associated factors among university students in Malaysia. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 200 university students in Malaysia. A self administered questionnaire was used to collect data. It included questions on socio-demographic data, awareness and knowledge of oral cancer. Results: Mean age of the respondents was 21.5±2.5 and the age ranged from 18 to 27 years. The majority of the respondents were aware of oral cancer (92.0%) and recognized the followings as signs and symptoms of oral cancer: ulcer and oral bleeding (71.0%), followed by swelling (61.5%). A satisfactory knowledge was observed on the following risk factors; smoking (95.5%), poor oral hygiene (90.5%), family history (90.0%), alcohol (84.5%) and poor fitting dentures (83.0%). However, unsatisfactory knowledge was observed about hot/spicy food (46.5%), obesity (36.0%), old age (31.5%), dietary factor (29.0%) and smokeless tobacco (25.5%). Knowledge of oral cancer was associated significantly with age (p<0.01), year of study (p<0.01) and course of study (p<0.01). Conclusion: Instead of satisfactory awareness and knowledge of oral cancer and its clinical presentations, inadequate knowledge was observed about its risk factors. There is a need to introduce oral cancer education among university students. Source

Alabsi A.M.,University of Malaya | Ali R.,Darul Iman University, Malaysia | Ali A.M.,Darul Iman University, Malaysia | Harun H.,Darul Iman University, Malaysia | And 5 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

Goniothalamin, a natural compound extracted from Goniothalamus sp. belonging to the Annonacae family, possesses anticancer properties towards several tumor cell lines. This study focused on apoptosis induction by goniothalamin (GTN) in the Hela cervical cancer cell line. Cell growth inhibition was measured by MTT assay and the IC50 value of goniothalamin was 3.2±0.72 μg/ml. Morphological changes and biochemical processes associated with apoptosis were evident on phase contrast microscopy and fluorescence microscopy. DNA fragmentation, DNA damage, caspase-9 activation and a large increase in the sub-G1 and S cell cycle phases confirmed the occurrence of apoptosis in a time-dependent manner. It could be concluded that goniothalamin show a promising cytotoxicity effect against cervical cancer cells (Hela) and the cell death mode induced by goniothalamin was apoptosis. Source

Yee A.,University of Malaya | Danaee M.,University of Malaya | Loh H.S.,Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia | Sulaiman A.H.,University of Malaya | Ng C.G.,University of Malaya

Introduction: Methadone has long been regarded as an effective treatment for opioid dependence. However, many patients discontinue maintenance therapy because of its side effects, with one of the most common being sexual dysfunction. Buprenorphine is a proven alternative to methadone. This study aimed to investigate sexual dysfunction in opioid-dependent men on buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) and methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). The secondary aim was to investigate the correlation between sexual dysfunction and the quality of life in these patients. Methods: Two hundred thirty-eight men participated in this cross-sectional study. Four questionnaires were used, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Opiate Treatment Index, Malay version of the International Index of Erectile Function 15 (Mal-IIEF-15), and World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF Scale. Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to examine the relationship between MMT and BMT and the Mal-IIEF 15 scores while controlling for all the possible confounders. Results: The study population consisted of 171 patients (71.8%) on MMT and 67 (28.2%) on BMT. Patients in the MMT group who had a sexual partner scored significantly lower in the sexual desire domain (p < 0.012) and overall satisfaction (p = 0.043) domain compared with their counterparts in the BMT group. Similarly, patients in the MMT group without a sexual partner scored significantly lower in the orgasmic function domain (p = 0.008) compared with those in the BMT group without a partner. Intercourse satisfaction (p = 0.026) and overall satisfaction (p = 0.039) were significantly associated with the social relationships domain after adjusting for significantly correlated sociodemographic variables. Conclusions: Sexual functioning is critical for improving the quality of life in patients in an opioid rehabilitation program. Our study showed that buprenorphine causes less sexual dysfunction than methadone. Thus, clinicians may consider the former when treating heroin dependents who have concerns about sexual function. © 2016 Yee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Source

Ranganath V.,Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia | Gayathri T.,Narayana Medical College
International Journal of Morphology

During the routine dissection, a rare anomaly was observed in left lower limb of a female cadaver. The external iliac artery continued as femoral artery, branched on lateral side as the lateral circumflex femoral artery and on medial side as profunda femoris artery. On tracing the lateral circumflex femoral artery, the ascending branch towards the spinous anastomosis was very thin and coursed behind the rectus femoris muscle. The transverse and descending branches were not observed, however, the artery coursed along the vastus lateralis towards the knee. The femoral artery had its normal course and continued as popliteal artery. The profunda femoris artery originated from the medial side of the external iliac artery, initially superficial to the femoral vein, coursed downwards and posteriorly, relating posteromedial to femoral artery. The medial circumflex femoral artery originated as thin branch, which further divided into two divisions. The profunda femoris gave origin of 3 perforators and continued as 4th perforator. The unusual branching pattern was observed to be novel and not reported in the literature. Source

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