New York University is a private, nonsectarian American research university based in New York City. NYU's main campus is located at Greenwich Village in Lower Manhattan. Founded in 1831, NYU is one of the largest private nonprofit institutions of American higher education.NYU was elected to the Association of American Universities in 1950. NYU counts 35 Nobel Prize winners, three Abel Prize winners, 10 National Medal of Science recipients, 16 Pulitzer Prize winners, over 30 Academy Award winners, four Putnam Competition winners, Russ Prize, Gordon Prize, and Draper Prize winners, Turing Award winners, and Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Award winners among its faculty and alumni. NYU also has MacArthur and Guggenheim Fellowship holders as well as National Academy of science and National Academy of Engineering members among its past and present graduates and faculty.NYU is organized into more than 20 schools, colleges, and institutes, located in six centers throughout Manhattan and Downtown Brooklyn, as well as more than a dozen other sites across the world, with plans for further expansion. According to the Institute of International Education, NYU sends more students to study abroad than any other US college or university, and the College Board reports more online searches by international students for "NYU" than for any other university. Wikipedia.
New York University | Date: 2017-01-25
Disclosed herein are isolated and purified Staphylococcus aureus bi-component leukocidin, referred to herein as LukAB, and its components LukA and LukB, antibodies specific to LukA, antibodies specific to LukB, therapeutic compositions containing LukA and/or LukB, or anti-LukA and/or anti-LukB antibodies, uses of the compositions to treat acute inflammatory conditions or S. aureus infection, methods for identifying inhibitors of LukAB-mediated cytotoxicity of human phagocytes, and methods for using LukAB as a marker to predict severity of S. aureus infection.
New York University | Date: 2017-03-01
The present invention relates to methods for preventing or treating Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection, inflammatory conditions, and graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) in a subject. Therapeutic compositions of the present invention comprise Leukocidin E (LukE) and/or D proteins or polypeptides. The invention further relates to methods of treating Staphylococcus aureus infection by administering a composition comprising a CCR5 antagonist or any molecule that blocks LukE/D interaction with CCR5^(+) cells in an amount effective to treat the S. aurreus infection in the subject.
New York University | Date: 2017-01-24
A checkpointing method for creating a file representing a restorable state of a virtual machine in a computing system, comprising identifying processes executing within the virtual machine that may store confidential data, and marking memory pages and files that potentially contain data stored by the identified processes; or providing an application programming interface for marking memory regions and files within the virtual machine that contain confidential data stored by processes; and creating a checkpoint file, by capturing memory pages and files representing a current state of the computing system, which excludes information from all of the marked memory pages and files.
Ibm, Globalfoundries and New York University | Date: 2017-01-27
A transistor device includes a substrate; a source region and a drain region formed over the substrate; and a source/drain contact formed in contact with at least one of the source region and the drain region, the source/drain contact including a conductive metal and a bilayer disposed between the conductive metal and the at least one of the source and drain region, the bilayer including a metal oxide layer in contact with the conductive metal, and a silicon dioxide layer in contact with the at least one of the source and drain region.
New York University | Date: 2017-01-12
This disclosure provides a novel role for microRNA (miR) regulation of lipid metabolism via the MTP pathway, leading to reductions in apoB secretion and blood lipid levels. MiR regulation of the MTP pathway is shown herein to reduce hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis in vivo. Therefore, inhibition of MTP expression and activity by miR regulation is identified as a new therapeutic target for treatment of cardiovascular disease and conditions or diseases associated with cardiovascular disease such as hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis, and metabolic syndrome. Treatment of cardiovascular disease and associated conditions or diseases with the novel MTP inhibitors of the invention, such as miR-30c homologs or miR-30c agonists, reduces MTP-associated lipid production without side effects that occur with other methods of MTP inhibition.
New York University | Date: 2017-01-20
A method of forming a micromechanical structure comprising, forming a sacrificial layer on a surface and walls of a trench in a substrate; depositing a structural layer over the sacrificial layer, extending into the trench, selectively etching the structural layer to define a pattern having a boundary, at least a portion of the structural layer overlying a respective portion of the trench being removed and at least a portion of the structural layer extending into the trench being preserved at the boundary; and removing at least a portion of the sacrificial layer from underneath the structural layer, prior to removal of at least a portion of the sacrificial layer extending into the trench at the structural boundary. A micromechanical structure formed by the method is also provided.
New York University | Date: 2017-01-10
A three dimensional tactile feedback includes a two dimensional array of ultrasonic transducers and a control device configured to control the ultrasonic transducers. The ultrasonic transducers re configured to project discrete points of tactile feedback in three dimensional space. The tactile feedback system is configured to continuously switch the discrete points of tactile feedback at a frequency at which a human is capable of perceiving tactile stimulation in order to produce tactile stimulation of a three dimensional object in free space.
New York University and Pfizer | Date: 2017-02-01
Disclosed herein are FGF23 c-tail fusion proteins, pharmaceutical compositions comprising the FGF23 c-tail fusion proteins, and methods of treatment using the FGF23 c-tail fusion proteins. This application discloses fusion proteins comprising a FGF-23 c-tail protein fused to a heterologous amino acid sequence, wherein said fusion protein modulates serum phosphate levels but does not substantially modulate serum 1, 25 VitD levels. In some embodiments, the FGF-23 c-tail protein is fused to the heterologous amino acid sequence via a linker. This invention also encompasses vectors comprising the nucleic acids disclosed herein, and a host cell comprising the vector or polynucleotides encoding the proteins of the invention.
Seeman N.C.,New York University
Annual Review of Biochemistry | Year: 2010
The combination of synthetic stable branched DNA and sticky-ended cohesion has led to the development of structural DNA nanotechnology over the past 30 years. The basis of this enterprise is that it is possible to construct novel DNA-based materials by combining these features in a self-assembly protocol. Thus, simple branched molecules lead directly to the construction of polyhedrons, whose edges consist of double helical DNA and whose vertices correspond to the branch points. Stiffer branched motifs can be used to produce self-assembled two-dimensional and three-dimensional periodic lattices of DNA (crystals). DNA has also been used to make a variety of nanomechanical devices, including molecules that change their shapes and molecules that can walk along a DNA sidewalk. Devices have been incorporated into two-dimensional DNA arrangements; sequence-dependent devices are driven by increases in nucleotide pairing at each step in their machine cycles. © 2010 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
Nudler E.,New York University
Cell | Year: 2012
RNA polymerase is a ratchet machine that oscillates between productive and backtracked states at numerous DNA positions. Since its first description 15 years ago, backtracking - the reversible sliding of RNA polymerase along DNA and RNA - has been implicated in many critical processes in bacteria and eukaryotes, including the control of transcription elongation, pausing, termination, fidelity, and genome instability. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.