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New York City, NY, United States

New York Law School is a private law school in the Tribeca neighborhood of Lower Manhattan in New York City, New York, United States. Founded in 1891, it is an ABA-approved law school offering a full-time day program, a part-time evening program, and a two-year accelerated J.D. honors program.Anthony W. Crowell has been Dean and President since May 2012. He previously served as counselor to former New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg. In May 2013, Crain’s New York Business included him in its list of “People to Watch in Higher Education.” New York Law School’s faculty includes 77 full-time and 103 adjunct professors. Notable faculty members include Edward A. Purcell Jr., one of the nation’s foremost authorities on the history of the United States Supreme Court, and Nadine Strossen, a constitutional law expert who served as President of the American Civil Liberties Union from 1991 to 2008.Prominent New York Law School alumni include Maurice R. Greenberg, former Chairman and CEO of American International Group Inc. and current Chairman and CEO of C.V. Starr and Co. Inc.; Charles E. Phillips Jr., CEO of Infor and former President of Oracle; and the Honorable Judith Sheindlin, “Judge Judy,” New York family court judge, author, and TV personality. Past graduates included United States Supreme Court Justice John Marshall Harlan II and Wallace Stevens, the Pulitzer Prize-winning poet. Wikipedia.

Skeem J.L.,University of California at Berkeley | Scott E.,New York Law School | Mulvey E.P.,University of Pittsburgh
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology | Year: 2014

After a distinctly punitive era, a period of remarkable reform in juvenile crime regulation has begun. Practical urgency has fueled interest in both crime reduction and research on the prediction and malleability of criminal behavior. In this rapidly changing context, high-risk juveniles mdash the small proportion of the population where crime becomes concentrated mdash present a conundrum. Research indicates that these are precisely the individuals to treat intensively to maximize crime reduction, but there are both real and imagined barriers to doing so. Mitigation principles (during early adolescence, ages 10-13) and institutional placement or criminal court processing (during mid-late adolescence, ages 14-18) can prevent these juveniles from receiving interventions that would best protect public safety. In this review, we synthesize relevant research to help resolve this challenge in a manner that is consistent with the law's core principles. In our view, early adolescence offers unique opportunities for risk reduction that could (with modifications) be realized in the juvenile justice system in cooperation with other social institutions. © 2014 by Annual Reviews. Source

Miller A.C.,U.S. National Institutes of Health | Ziad-Miller A.,New York Law School | Elamin E.M.,University of South Florida
Chest | Year: 2014

How one defines death may vary. It is important for clinicians to recognize those aspects of a patient's religious beliefs that may directly infl uence medical care and how such practices may interface with local laws governing the determination of death. Debate continues about the validity and certainty of brain death criteria within Islamic traditions. A search of PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Web of Science, PsycNet, Sociological Abstracts, DIALOGUE ProQuest, Lexus Nexus, Google, and applicable religious texts was conducted to address the question of whether brain death is accepted as true death among Islamic scholars and clinicians and to discuss how divergent opinions may affect clinical care. The results of the literature review inform this discussion. Brain death has been acknowledged as representing true death by many Muslim scholars and medical organizations, including the Islamic Fiqh Academies of the Organization of the Islamic Conference and the Muslim World League, the Islamic Medical Association of North America, and other faith-based medical organizations as well as legal rulings by multiple Islamic nations. However, consensus in the Muslim world is not unanimous, and a sizable minority accepts death by cardiopulmonary criteria only. © 2014 AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CHEST PHYSICIANS. Source

It is impossible to consider the impact of anti-discrimination law on persons with mental disabilities without a full understanding of how sanism permeates all aspects of the legal system - judicial opinions, legislation, the role of lawyers, juror decision-making - and the entire fabric of society. For those unfamiliar with the term, I define "sanism" as an irrational prejudice of the same quality and character as other irrational prejudices that cause and are reflected in prevailing social attitudes of racism, sexism, homophobia, and ethnic bigotry,1 that permeates all aspects of mental disability law and affects all participants in the mental disability law system: litigants, fact finders, counsel, and expert and lay witnesses.2 Notwithstanding over two decades of anti-discrimination laws3 and, in many jurisdictions, an impressive corpus of constitutional case law and state statutes,4 the attitudes of judges, jurors and lawyers often reflect the same level of bigotry that defined this area of law half a century ago.5 The reasons for this are complex and, to a great extent, flow from centuries of prejudice - often hidden prejudice, often socially acceptable prejudice6 - that has persisted in spite of prophylactic legislative and judicial reforms, and - at least superficially - an apparent uptick in public awareness. I have railed multiple times about the "irrational," "corrosive", "malignant" and "ravaging" effects of sanism, but its "pernicious power" still poisons all of mental disability law.7 The recently-ratified Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is the most revolutionary international human rights document - ever - that applies to persons with disabilities. The Disability Convention furthers the human rights approach to disability and recognizes the right of people with disabilities to equality in most every aspect of life. It firmly endorses a social model of disability - a clear and direct repudiation of the medical model that traditionally was part-and-parcel of mental disability law. It calls for "respect for inherent dignity" and "non-discrimination." Subsequent articles declare "freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment," "freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse," and a right to protection of the "integrity of the person." In this paper, I consider the impact that the Convention is likely to have on sanism. First, I will briefly discuss both our sanist past and our sanist present. Then, I will consider how the CRPD has the greatest potential for combating sanism, and for changing social attitudes. In this latter inquiry, I will also draw on the tools of therapeutic jurisprudence. Then, I will offer some brief and modest conclusions. © 2013 The Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. Source

Perlin M.L.,New York Law School
Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities | Year: 2013

Human rights are arguably the most significant political force shaping the life experience of people with disability. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities sets the standard at an international level, creating both positive and negative rights, and calls upon member states of the United Nations (UN) to develop policies and enact programs to safeguard and progress these rights for people with disabilities. However, without some means of enforcement, UN conventions and national policies can amount to little more than political rhetoric. The paper reviews legal mechanisms and processes established in various regions of the world to enforce the human rights of people with disability. The author examines the role of litigation in upholding the rights of individuals and of groups and critiques the proposed facilitators and barriers to the establishment and effective operation of regional human rights tribunals. Evidence from case law demonstrates that national courts can be powerful forces in mandating the practical implementation of international law. However, litigation in these jurisdictions appear most evident and effective where there has been a body of law established by regional commissions; such as The European Court on Human Rights, The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, and The African Commission on Human Rights. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is, potentially, the single most transformative legal initiative affecting persons with disabilities. However, it is unlikely that it will have any significant impact in Asia and the Pacific because of the absence of a regional court or commission in that area of the world. The creation of a Disability Rights Tribunal for Asia and the Pacific offers a solution to this dilemma. © 2013 International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Jalian H.R.,Harvard University | Jalian C.A.,New York Law School | Avram M.M.,Harvard University
JAMA Dermatology | Year: 2013

Objective: To identify common causes of legal action, injuries, claims, and decisions related to medical professional liability claims stemming from cutaneous laser surgery. Design: Search of online public legal documents using a national database. Main Outcome Measures: Frequency and nature of cases, including year of litigation, location and certification of provider, injury sustained, cause of legal action, verdict, and indemnity payment. Results: From 1985 to 2012, the authors identified 174 cases related to injury stemming from cutaneous laser surgery. The incidence of litigation related to laser surgery shows an increasing trend, with peak occurrence in 2010. Laser hair removal was the most common litigated procedure. Nonphysician operators accounted for a substantial subset of these cases, with their physician supervisors named as defendants, despite not performing the procedure. Plastic surgery was the specialty most frequently litigated against. Of the preventable causes of action, the most common was failure to obtain an informed consent. Of the 120 cases with public decisions, 61 (50.8%) resulted in decisions in favor of the plaintiff. The mean indemnity payment was $380 719. Conclusions: Claims related to cutaneous laser surgery are increasing and result in indemnity payments that exceed the previously reported average across all medical specialties. Nonphysicians performing these procedures will be held to a standard of care corresponding to an individual with appropriate training; thus, physicians are ultimately responsible for the actions of their nonphysician agents. © 2013 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Source

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