Mudigonda S.,Rutgers University |
Ozbay K.,New York University |
Ozturk O.,Rutgers University |
Iyer S.,New York City Transit |
Noland R.B.,Rutgers University
Transportation Research Record | Year: 2014
The cost of transportation plays an important role in residential location choice. Reducing transportation costs not only benefits the user but also improves the performance of the system as a whole. A direct impact of transit-oriented development (TOD) is the change in out-ofpocket costs for users, as well as the changes in costs of externalities and agency benefits. The prime mover for these changes is the shift in population when a TOD is built near train stations and the induced mode shifts from driving to transit. In this study several sites throughout New Jersey were evaluated to determine the cost of driving versus the cost of using rail transit to major employment destinations in New Jersey and New York City. Driving costs were composed of vehicle operating costs (including fuel, wear and tear, and depreciation), value of time based on the highway travel time from origin to destination, parking cost, and cost of externalities such as air and noise pollution, road maintenance, and accidents. Transit costs were composed of fares, parking costs, and values of travel time, waiting time, and transfer time. The likely changes in population resulting from the TOD were used to estimate changes in highway and transit trips. The costs were compared to derive the net benefit for transportation system users as a result of the TOD. Generally, TOD results in financial benefits to the user and the transportation system.
New York City Transit and Poetry Society of America Inc. | Date: 2000-05-16
Series of poetry books; bookmarks; posters. [ Drinkware, namely mugs ]. Promoting public awareness of poetry through displays on public transportation vehicles.
Gleckler W.,New York City Transit |
Anne O'Neil P.E.,New York City Transit
23rd Annual International Symposium of the International Council on Systems Engineering, INCOSE 2013 | Year: 2013
Abstract The demand for increased energy efficiency and sustainable facility designs is significantly increasing the complexity of buildings. With the evolution of higher yielding energy efficient performance for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, integration of new sustainable energy technologies and other sustainable green building systems, there is a growing need to ensure that proper systems techniques are implemented across the lifecycle of new transit facility projects. Today there continues to be advances in building automation, energy management and fire alarm/control systems for the monitoring and control of the facility subsystems and systems, which correspondingly adds to the complexity for defining the subsystems interfaces, the required level of integration, and how these interfaces and systems are verified during the construction phase of the project. As a result of this advancing complexity for many facility systems the Building industry developed the "Commissioning process". This paper describes the evolution of the Commissioning process currently used to deploy facility systems, with a focus on the process application and its deficiencies when compared to a systems engineering approach. Case studies will be provided from New York City Transit's (NYCT) tailored implementation experience and efforts to attain more successful results by further tailoring this Commissioning process to apply systems engineering principles and activities. © 2013 by William Gleckler and Anne O'Neil.
Reddy A.,New York City Transit |
Chennadu T.,New York City Transit |
Lu A.,New York City Transit
Transportation Research Record | Year: 2010
Federal civil rights and environmental justice (EJ) mandates require transit agencies to provide service without racial or income discrimination and to ensure meaningful access by individuals with limited English proficiency. EJ research generally focuses on long-range planning and capital investment decision making. However, for operating agencies, equity in scheduling, service planning, and tactical service delivery operations is critical to compliance with Title VI legislation and FTA Circular C4702.1A. In 2009, New York City Transit (NYCT) designed a service reductions package in response to the economic downturn. EJ considerations were integral to its planning. The use of ridership performance criteria for route selection resulted in fewer impacts on routes with heavily minority or low-income populations. Quantitative analysis ensured that protected demographics were not significantly adversely affected by proposed service rationalizations. Route and frequency modifications and service span changes were evaluated with statistical t-tests during programming stages, resulting in proposals sensitive to equity concerns. Operationally, NYCT actively monitors service using U.S. census, survey, and routine agency data. The t-test and the chi-square test explicitly demonstrate racial and income equity in all aspects of agency operations on the basis of service standards and policies. As an example, t-tests compared the observed load factors with published guidelines; no significant differences in service delivery between demographic groups were found.