New Horizon Dental College

Bilāspur, India

New Horizon Dental College

Bilāspur, India
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Santosh Kumar B.B.,Mr Ambedkar Dental College And Hospital | Aruna D.R.,Vs Dental College And Hospital | Gowda V.S.,Vs Dental College And Hospital | Galagali S.R.,Vs Dental College And Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology | Year: 2013

Background: Recently, there has been interest in non-mammalian collagen sources such as fish collagen in periodontal regeneration. In the present study, collagen barrier membrane of fish origin was assessed in the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects. Materials and Methods: Ten systemically healthy chronic periodontitis patients having a paired osseous defect in the mandibular posterior teeth were selected and randomly assigned to receive a collagen membrane (test) or open flap debridement (control) in a split mouth design. Clinical parameters such as Plaque index, Gingival bleeding index, Probing pocket depth, Relative attachment level, and Recession were recorded at baseline, 3, 6, and at 9 months, while radiographic evaluation was done to assess alveolar crestal bone level and percentage of defect fill at 6 and 9 months using autoCAD 2007 software. Student's t test (two-tailed, dependent) was used to find the significance of study parameters on continuous scale. Significance was set at 5% level of significance. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to find the significance of percentage change of defect fill. Results: The comparison between the two groups did not show any statistically significant differences in the parameters assessed (P > 0.05) but, within each group, clinical parameters showed statistically significant differences from baseline to 9 months (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Within the limits of the study, it can be inferred that no significant differences were found either by using collagen membrane of fish origin or open flap debridement in the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects. © 2013 Future Medicine Ltd.


Rao S.,Mamata Dental College and Hospital | Patel R.,Ahmedabad Dental College and Hospital | Suvvati P.,Mamata Dental College and Hospital | Sadar L.R.,Yogita Dental College and Hospital | Yadav R.D.,New Horizon Dental College
Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice | Year: 2013

There is disagreement about the association between missing teeth and the presence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Aim: To investigate whether, the span of edentulousness, gender, number of quadrants involved, pathological migration and the type of kennedy's classification are related to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction signs. Materials and methods: Clinical examination of 250 patients (males 99 and females 151) was done among the age group of 35 to 45 years. The patients were partially edentulous for 6 months or more and did not wear any kind of prosthesis. Results: Among 250 subjects, females showed more TMJ dysfunction signs. Clicking sounds were present in 46.5%, mandibular deviation was present in 40% of individuals, TMJ tenderness was observed in 32% and masseter was involved in 32% of individual. Temporomandibular joint dysfunction signs in relation to pathologic migration of teeth show that clicking and mandibular deviation was present in 54.5 and 49.2% and among muscles masseter muscle tenderness 41.9% was more commonly present. Masseter muscle tenderness 64.1% was seen in individuals who were edentulous for more than 5 years. Conclusion: Females subjects had a significantly higher prevalence of TMJ dysfunction signs then male subjects. As the span and time of edentulousness, the number of missing teeth and the number of quadrant involved increased, the signs of dysfunction became more prevalent. Among the TMJ dysfunction signs deviation and clicking sound were most frequently observed. The masseter muscle was most commonly affected and demonstrated muscle tenderness.


Background: Tobacco is a leading preventable cause of deaths worldwide; the situation is particularly serious in the developing countries. Tobacco use amongst the children and adolescents is already a pandemic and they are vulnerable targets of tobacco industry. This is also the case in India. Objectives: 1) Document and monitor the prevalence of tobacco use including smoked, smokeless and other forms of tobacco; 2) Understand studentknowledge and attitudes related to tobacco use and its health impact; 3) Assess the impact of tobacco on the oral health status of school-going children in India. Materials and Methods: The sample was 1,500 school children of the age group 12-15 years age. A pretested, close ended questionnaire was administered in the form of extensive face to face interview to understand student knowledge, attitudes and behavior related to tobacco use and its health impact and to assess the prevalence of tobacco use including smoked, smokeless and other forms of tobacco. Oral health status was assessed using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI). Frequency distribution, Chi-square tests and Odd's ratio was calculated. Results: Prevalence of tobacco usage amongst the prevalence was 20.4%: 9.2% reported smoking, 15.8% used tobacco in the chewable form and 25.3% children were involved in consuming betel nut/areca nuts. The OR (Odd's ratio) for calculus formation was highest for guthka chewers (OR=14.322), paan masala chewers had the highest odds of developing bleeding on probing when compared to the others. Conclusions: There is an urgent need to launch school-based tobacco prevention programs for community awareness of children and the public, as preventing the initiation of a habit is far easier than stopping it.


PubMed | V S Dental College and Hospital and New Horizon Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2016

This study explores the association of disabilities and oral health. The aim of the study was to assess the salivary and plaque pH and oral health status of children with and without disabilities.A total of 100 schoolchildren (50 with disabilities and 50 without disabilities) were examined from 9 to 15 years age group. Saliva and plaque pH analysis were done to both the groups. Clinical data were collected on periodontal status, dental caries using WHO criteria. pH values of different groups, difference between the means were calculated using independent t-test, and frequency distribution was analyzed using Chi-square test. Statistical significance, P value was set at 0.05.Mean plaque and salivary pH scores were lesser (5.73 and 5.67) in children with intellectual disabilities (IDs) (P< 0.001). Subjects with disabilities had also statistically significant higher CPI scores and decayed, missing, and filled scores than their healthy counterparts (P< 0.001).There is a statistically significant difference in plaque and salivary pH among children with and without ID with lower plaque and salivary pH among children with ID. In addition to this, the oral health was also more compromised in children with ID, which confirms a need for preventive treatment for these children.


PubMed | New Horizon Dental College, SRM University and Sri Sai Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of international oral health : JIOH | Year: 2015

The present study is designed to evaluate the clinical effects of pulsated subgingival irrigation with tetracycline and spiramycin.Ten patient diagnosed chronic periodontitis were included in the present study. Each patient is assigned to be irrigated with saline (placebo) (Group A), tetracycline HCl at 0.5% concentration (Group B), and 0.5% spiramycin (Group C). Scaling and root planing (SC/RP) was recorded as Group D. Plaque index, gingival index, gingival bleeding index, probing pocket depth were assessed on pre-irrigation (day 0), and at days 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 day.The results showed that subgingival irrigation with 0.5% tetracycline and spiramycin produced a significant reduction in clinical parameters compared to the control, while SC/RP was showed better improvement.The result of this study suggested that subgingival irrigation of tetracycline and spiramycin play a beneficial role in the management of chronic periodontitis patients.


PubMed | New Horizon Dental College, Triveni Institute of Dental science and Crown College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2014

To determine the denture hygiene habits in complete denture wearers.In this study, a self-administered structured questionnaire was developed to know the attitude of the patients from the Department of Prosthodontics regarding denture hygiene. The study sample consisted of totally 500 subjects, which included 284 (56.8%) males and 216 (43.2%) females. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 15.0 with Chi-square ((2)) test at P < 0.05.Nearly half of the subjects cleaned their dentures daily once. Participants from the younger age group and who had been wearing dentures since 2 years maintained better frequency of cleaning. The majority of these subjects used water and brush for denture cleansing. After seeing the condition, more than half of the dentures were rated as poor (60%). There was significant difference between all the groups on comparison (P = 0.001).Poor condition of complete dentures seen in the population is mainly due to irregular cleansing habits and also less usage of cleansing solutions. Dentists should give proper instructions regarding maintenance of denture hygiene.


Suresh S.,Thaimoogambigai Dental College and Hospital | Narayana S.,Thaimoogambigai Dental College and Hospital | Jayakumar P.,Thaimoogambigai Dental College and Hospital | Sudhakar U.,Thaimoogambigai Dental College and Hospital | Pramod V.,New Horizon Dental College
Indian Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2013

Objectives: Statins are the group of lipid-lowering drugs commonly used to control cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Statins have potential anti-inflammatory effect by blocking the intermediate metabolites of the mevalonate pathway. The objective of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of statin medication in chronic periodontitis patients. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients of age group between 40 and 60 years were selected from the outpatient pool of Department of Periodontics, Thaimoogambigai Dental College and Hospital, Chennai. Thirty patients selected were grouped into two groups, Group-I consists of patients with generalized chronic periodontitis and on statin medication and Group-II consists of patients with generalized chronic periodontitis. Clinical parameters were recorded and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples were analyzed for interleukin (IL)-1β using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: The mean GCF IL-1® levels in generalized chronic periodontitis patients who are on statin medication (Group-I) were lower than the generalized chronic periodontitis patients without statin medication (Group-II). Conclusion: Reduction of GCF IL-1β levels in statin users indicate that statins have anti-inflammatory effect on periodontal disease.


PubMed | New Horizon Dental College and New Horizon Dental College Sakri
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2015

The study was done to determine the quantity of orthodontics and the type of appliance used for orthodontic treatment by general dentist.A total of 410 dentists completely participated in the study. The study included questions to know the positive effects of orthodontic treatment done by general dentists and their opinions and qualities regarding the provision of treatment.Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version of 16.0 was used at p 0.05.One forty six (35.6%) dentists answered that they practice orthodontic treatment to their patients, of which most were providing removable appliances (39.5%). There was a significant difference between the groups toward the benefits of orthodontic treatment according to experience of service and locality. General dentist were providing this treatment mainly in the mixed dentition period i.e. 96(65.8%). Most of the participants gave positive response regarding expansion of their syllabus related to orthodontics.A significant difference in response to the benefits of the treatment were seen according to experience and are of practice and most of the participants showed positive response increasing their courses in orthodontics at undergraduate level.


PubMed | New Horizon Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of international oral health : JIOH | Year: 2015

To assess the association of periodontal status of the patients with and without orthodontic treatment.This cross-sectional study was conducted among 520 patients (220 undergoing orthodontic procedure and 300 non-orthodontic patients). Periodontal health status was assessed using community periodontal index and loss of attachment. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 and level of significance used was 5% level.Overall mean number of segments for bleeding component (Score 1) was 0.86 0.708, that of calculus (Score 2) 0.30 0.460, for shallow pockets (4-5 mm) (Score 3) 0.33 0.744 and for deep pockets (6 mm or more) (Score 4) 0.38 0.476. Patients with orthodontic appliances had poor periodontal status than the non-orthodontic patients (P < 0.05).Patients undergoing orthodontic treatment have increased the level of periodontal status as it leads to more retention of food debris. Hence, these patients should be motivated to maintain good oral hygiene.


PubMed | New Horizon Dental College and New Horizon Dental College Sakri
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2015

This study was conducted to assess the ability of oral & maxillofacial surgeons regarding basic life resuscitation in case of medical emergencies.This cross-sectional study was conducted among oral & maxillofacial surgeons through a mailed questionnaire. The sample size was finalized to 152 including 108 - males and 44 - females with mean age of the subjects as 30.65 y. The Statistical software namely SPSS version 16.0 was used for data analysis.The students t-test, ANOVA test and post-hoc test were used as tests of significance for statistical evaluation at p 0.05.The study revealed that most of the participants were aware about the administration of drugs. Around half of the surgeons (52.4%) were able to understand correct reading of ECG. It has been seen that, 66.8% were properly knowing, how to maintain the airway and 77.4% were experienced in the administration of oxygen in case of emergencies. Overall the knowledge was more among experienced dental surgeons.It was found that most of the participants were aware to handle the medical emergencies in dental practice and the awareness was higher among senior surgeons. Still the surgeon should have more knowledge for initial stabilization in a patient with risk happening at dental office.

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