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Bilāspur, India

Rao S.,Mamata Dental College and Hospital | Patel R.,Ahmedabad Dental College and Hospital | Suvvati P.,Mamata Dental College and Hospital | Sadar L.R.,Yogita Dental College and Hospital | Yadav R.D.,New Horizon Dental College
Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice | Year: 2013

There is disagreement about the association between missing teeth and the presence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Aim: To investigate whether, the span of edentulousness, gender, number of quadrants involved, pathological migration and the type of kennedy's classification are related to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction signs. Materials and methods: Clinical examination of 250 patients (males 99 and females 151) was done among the age group of 35 to 45 years. The patients were partially edentulous for 6 months or more and did not wear any kind of prosthesis. Results: Among 250 subjects, females showed more TMJ dysfunction signs. Clicking sounds were present in 46.5%, mandibular deviation was present in 40% of individuals, TMJ tenderness was observed in 32% and masseter was involved in 32% of individual. Temporomandibular joint dysfunction signs in relation to pathologic migration of teeth show that clicking and mandibular deviation was present in 54.5 and 49.2% and among muscles masseter muscle tenderness 41.9% was more commonly present. Masseter muscle tenderness 64.1% was seen in individuals who were edentulous for more than 5 years. Conclusion: Females subjects had a significantly higher prevalence of TMJ dysfunction signs then male subjects. As the span and time of edentulousness, the number of missing teeth and the number of quadrant involved increased, the signs of dysfunction became more prevalent. Among the TMJ dysfunction signs deviation and clicking sound were most frequently observed. The masseter muscle was most commonly affected and demonstrated muscle tenderness. Source

Background: Tobacco is a leading preventable cause of deaths worldwide; the situation is particularly serious in the developing countries. Tobacco use amongst the children and adolescents is already a pandemic and they are vulnerable targets of tobacco industry. This is also the case in India. Objectives: 1) Document and monitor the prevalence of tobacco use including smoked, smokeless and other forms of tobacco; 2) Understand studentknowledge and attitudes related to tobacco use and its health impact; 3) Assess the impact of tobacco on the oral health status of school-going children in India. Materials and Methods: The sample was 1,500 school children of the age group 12-15 years age. A pretested, close ended questionnaire was administered in the form of extensive face to face interview to understand student knowledge, attitudes and behavior related to tobacco use and its health impact and to assess the prevalence of tobacco use including smoked, smokeless and other forms of tobacco. Oral health status was assessed using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI). Frequency distribution, Chi-square tests and Odd's ratio was calculated. Results: Prevalence of tobacco usage amongst the prevalence was 20.4%: 9.2% reported smoking, 15.8% used tobacco in the chewable form and 25.3% children were involved in consuming betel nut/areca nuts. The OR (Odd's ratio) for calculus formation was highest for guthka chewers (OR=14.322), paan masala chewers had the highest odds of developing bleeding on probing when compared to the others. Conclusions: There is an urgent need to launch school-based tobacco prevention programs for community awareness of children and the public, as preventing the initiation of a habit is far easier than stopping it. Source

Suresh S.,Thaimoogambigai Dental College and Hospital | Narayana S.,Thaimoogambigai Dental College and Hospital | Jayakumar P.,Thaimoogambigai Dental College and Hospital | Sudhakar U.,Thaimoogambigai Dental College and Hospital | Pramod V.,New Horizon Dental College
Indian Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2013

Objectives: Statins are the group of lipid-lowering drugs commonly used to control cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Statins have potential anti-inflammatory effect by blocking the intermediate metabolites of the mevalonate pathway. The objective of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of statin medication in chronic periodontitis patients. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients of age group between 40 and 60 years were selected from the outpatient pool of Department of Periodontics, Thaimoogambigai Dental College and Hospital, Chennai. Thirty patients selected were grouped into two groups, Group-I consists of patients with generalized chronic periodontitis and on statin medication and Group-II consists of patients with generalized chronic periodontitis. Clinical parameters were recorded and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples were analyzed for interleukin (IL)-1β using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: The mean GCF IL-1® levels in generalized chronic periodontitis patients who are on statin medication (Group-I) were lower than the generalized chronic periodontitis patients without statin medication (Group-II). Conclusion: Reduction of GCF IL-1β levels in statin users indicate that statins have anti-inflammatory effect on periodontal disease. Source

Kharsan V.,New Horizon Dental College | Singh R.,New Horizon Dental College | Madan R.,New Horizon Dental College | Mahobia Y.,New Horizon Dental College | Agrawal A.,New Horizon Dental College
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2015

Aim and Objective: This study was conducted to assess the ability of oral & maxillofacial surgeons regarding basic life resuscitation in case of medical emergencies. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among oral & maxillofacial surgeons through a mailed questionnaire. The sample size was finalized to 152 including 108 – males and 44 – females with mean age of the subjects as 30.65 y. The Statistical software namely SPSS version 16.0 was used for data analysis. Statistical Analysis: The student’s t-test, ANOVA test and post-hoc test were used as tests of significance for statistical evaluation at p ≤ 0.05. Results: The study revealed that most of the participants were aware about the administration of drugs. Around half of the surgeons (52.4%) were able to understand correct reading of ECG. It has been seen that, 66.8% were properly knowing, how to maintain the airway and 77.4% were experienced in the administration of oxygen in case of emergencies. Overall the knowledge was more among experienced dental surgeons. Conclusion: It was found that most of the participants were aware to handle the medical emergencies in dental practice and the awareness was higher among senior surgeons. Still the surgeon should have more knowledge for initial stabilization in a patient with risk happening at dental office. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved. Source

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