Time filter

Source Type

Kawasaki, Japan

The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization , also known as NEDO, is Japan's largest public management organization promoting research and development as well as deployment of industrial, energy and environmental technologies. In 2003, NEDO was reorganized as an Independent Administrative Agency. NEDO has approximately 1,000 personnel and domestic offices in Hokkaido, Kansai, and Kyushu and international offices in Washington D.C., Silicon Valley , Paris, Beijing, Bangkok, Jakarta and New Delhi. Its budget for fiscal year 2009 was 234,700,000,000 yen , the vast majority of which was provided by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry . Its head office is located just outside of Tokyo in Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture.NEDO has a number of projects in the United States, notably a smart grid and alternative energy project with two research laboratories in New Mexico, Sandia National Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratory . In March 2010, NEDO and the laboratories signed agreements in which NEDO will fund a smart grid research facility at LANL and smart house demonstration projects in both Los Alamos and Albuquerque, New Mexico. NEDO is investing $30 million on the projects for a four-year period. Wikipedia.

Arao Y.,Doshisha University | Yumitori S.,New Energy And Industrial Technology Development Organization | Suzuki H.,Doshisha University | Tanaka T.,Doshisha University | And 2 more authors.
Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing

Short-carbon-fiber/polypropylene composites (CF/PP composites) have high processability and recyclability but low strength. To improve the strength, various nanofillers were hybridized to form fiber-reinforced composites. Adding nanofillers improves not only the strength but also the elastic modulus, with the exception of clay nanofillers. To understand the strengthening mechanism resulting from the addition of nanofillers, the residual fiber length and interfacial shear strength were measured. For CF/PP composites, the addition of alumina, silica, and CNT improves the interfacial shear strength, and thereby, the mechanical properties. On the basis of this result, proper choice of nanofiller type and content for improving the mechanical properties of PP/CF composites is discussed. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Niwa H.,University of Tokyo | Kobayashi M.,University of Tokyo | Horiba K.,University of Tokyo | Harada Y.,University of Tokyo | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Power Sources

We report on the electronic structure of three different types of N-containing carbon-based cathode catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells observed by hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy. Prepared samples are derived from: (1) melamine and poly(furfuryl alcohol), (2) nitrogen-doped carbon black and (3) cobalt phthalocyanine and phenolic resin. C 1s spectra show the importance of sp2 carbon network formation for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity. N 1s spectra of the carbon-based cathode catalysts are decomposed into four components identified as pyridine-like, pyrrole- or cyanide-like, graphite-like, and oxide nitrogen. Samples having high oxygen reduction reaction activity in terms of oxygen reduction potential contain high concentration of graphite-like nitrogen. O 1s spectra are similar among carbon-based cathode catalysts of different oxygen reduction reaction activity. There is no correlation between the ORR activity and oxygen content. Based on a quantitative analysis of our results, the oxygen reduction reaction activity of the carbon-based cathode catalysts will be improved by increasing concentration of graphite-like nitrogen in a developed sp2 carbon network. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Sharma A.,University of Delhi | Kawarabayasi Y.,New Energy And Industrial Technology Development Organization | Satyanarayana T.,University of Delhi

Acidophiles are ecologically and economically important group of microorganisms, which thrive in acidic natural (solfataric fields, sulfuric pools) as well as artificial man-made (areas associated with human activities such as mining of coal and metal ores) environments. They possess networked cellular adaptations to regulate pH inside the cell. Several extracellular enzymes from acidophiles are known to be functional at much lower pH than the cytoplasmic pH. Enzymes like amylases, proteases, ligases, cellulases, xylanases, α-glucosidases, endoglucanases, and esterases stable at low pH are known from various acidophilic microbes. The possibility of improving them by genetic engineering and directed evolution will further boost their industrial applications. Besides biocatalysts, other biomolecules such as plasmids, rusticynin, and maltose-binding protein have also been reported from acidophiles. Some strategies for circumventing the problems encountered in expressing genes encoding proteins from extreme acidophiles have been suggested. The investigations on the analysis of crystal structures of some acidophilic proteins have thrown light on their acid stability. Attempts are being made to use thermoacidophilic microbes for biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass. The enzymes from acidophiles are mainly used in polymer degradation. © 2011 Springer. Source

Cheng Z.,New Energy And Industrial Technology Development Organization
Petroleum Processing and Petrochemicals

Cu-Zn-Ce-Al precursors with hydrotalcite-like layered structure were prepared by cocurrent coprecipitation method. After calcining at 720 °C for 8 h, the precursors transformed to a series of spinel structure catalyst. The compositions of the catalysts were analyzed; reaction conditions including temperature, space velocity and oxygen partial pressure, as well as life test were investigated. Results showed that when using a catalyst having metal mole ratio of Cu: Zn: Ce Al = 2: 0.8: 0.2: 1 to treat an acrylic acid wastewater (COD concentration of 26 000 mg/L) under the conditions of a reaction temperature of 150 "C, an oxygen partial pressure of 1.0 MPa and a reaction space velocity of 1 h-1, the COD removal rate reached more than 90%. After running 100 h, the Cu dissolution loss was 0.23 mg/L(less than the requirement of National Standard for Water Qualities of 0.3 mg/L), which indicated that the catalyst possessed good catalytic oxidation performance and structure stability. Source

Morozumi S.,New Energy And Industrial Technology Development Organization
IEEE Electrification Magazine

This article provides an overview of the Japanese advances in battery storage projects for high-penetration conditions of renewable energy resources. Several domestic and international projects promoted by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) are introduced and evaluated. © 2013 IEEE. Source

Discover hidden collaborations