Moscow, Russia
Moscow, Russia

New Economic School, NES is a graduate school of economics in Moscow, Russia. Wikipedia.


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Rechel B.,London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine | Roberts B.,London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine | Richardson E.,London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine | Shkolnikov V.M.,Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research | And 5 more authors.
The Lancet | Year: 2013

The countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States differ substantially in their post-Soviet economic development but face many of the same challenges to health and health systems. Life expectancies dropped steeply in the 1990s, and several countries have yet to recover the levels noted before the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Cardiovascular disease is a much bigger killer in the Commonwealth of Independent States than in western Europe because of hazardous alcohol consumption and high smoking rates in men, the breakdown of social safety nets, rising social inequality, and inadequate health services. These former Soviet countries have embarked on reforms to their health systems, often aiming to strengthen primary care, scale back hospital capacities, reform mechanisms for paying providers and pooling funds, and address the overall shortage of public funding for health. However, major challenges remain, such as frequent private out-of-pocket payments for health care and underdeveloped systems for improvement of quality of care. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


News Article | December 19, 2016
Site: globenewswire.com

Two new members have been elected in AS „Citadele banka” Supervisory Board - Nicholas Haag and Karina Saroukhanian. The newly elected members start their duties as of 19 December 2016, after receiving Financial Capital Market Commission’s approval. Nicholas Haag is an independent non executive director and chairman of the audit committee of TBC Bank Group PLC, the largest Georgian bank. He is an INED and chairs the audit, risk and compliance committee of Bayport Management Ltd., the holding company for a leading African and Latin American financial solutions provider. Prior to that, he was a Member of the Supervisory Board of Credit Bank of Moscow PJSC.  Mr. Haag has a 30 year banking career, half at Managing Director level, with various financial institutions including Barclays, Banque Paribas, ABN AMRO and Royal Bank of Scotland, specialising in technology finance and equity capital markets.  Mr. Haag holds a First Class Honours Degree from the University of Oxford. Nicholas Haag does not hold shares in AS Citadele banka Karina Saroukhanian is a senior banker in the Financial Institutions Team at the EBRD. She has over 15 years’ industry experience, with recent focus on financial institutions sector. At the EBRD, Karina specialises in complex equity transactions, working with financial sponsors in multiple jurisdictions. Prior to joining the EBRD Karina was an Associate Director in the M&A group at Nomura International in London and a Vice President at Sindicatum, a specialist financial advisory and asset management firm. Karina holds an MSc in Economics from the London School of Economics and the New Economic School, Moscow as well as Bsc in Mathematical Economics from the Moscow State University. Karina Saroukhanian does not hold shares in AS Citadele banka.


Pridemore W.A.,Georgia State University | Chamlin M.B.,Texas State University | Kaylen M.T.,Indiana University Bloomington | Andreev E.,New Economic School
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research | Year: 2014

Background: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of a set of 2006 Russian alcohol policies on alcohol-related mortality in the country. Methods: We used autoregressive integrated moving average interrupted time series techniques to model the impact of the policy on the number of sex-specific monthly deaths of those aged 15+ years due to alcohol poisoning, alcoholic cardiomyopathy, alcoholic liver cirrhosis, and alcohol-related mental and behavioral disorders. The time series began in January 2000 and ended in December 2010. The alcohol policy was implemented in January 2006. Results: The alcohol policy resulted in a significant gradual and sustained decline in male deaths due to alcohol poisoning (ωo = -92.631, p < 0.008, δ1 = 0.883, p < 0.001) and in significant immediate and sustained declines in male (ω0 = -63.20, p < 0.05) and female (ω0 = -64.28, p < 0.005) deaths due to alcoholic liver cirrhosis. Conclusions: The 2006 suite of alcohol policies in Russia was responsible for an annual decline of about 6,700 male alcohol poisoning deaths and about 760 male and about 770 female alcoholic liver cirrhosis deaths. Without the alcohol policy, male alcohol poisoning deaths would have been 35% higher and male and female alcoholic liver cirrhosis deaths would have been 9 and 15% higher, respectively. We contextualize our findings in relation to declining mortality in Russia and to results from recent studies of the impact of this law on other causes of death. © 2013 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.


Pridemore W.A.,Georgia State University | Chamlin M.B.,Texas State University | Kaylen M.T.,Indiana University Bloomington | Andreev E.,New Economic School
Addiction | Year: 2013

Aims: To determine the impact of a suite of 2006 Russian alcohol control policies on deaths due to traffic accidents in the country. Design, setting and participants: We used autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) interrupted time-series techniques to model the impact of the intervention on the outcome series. The time-series began in January 2000 and ended in December 2010. The alcohol policy was implemented in January 2006, providing 132 monthly observations in the outcome series, with 72 months of pre-intervention data and 60 months of post-intervention data. Measurements: The outcome variables were the monthly number of male- and female-specific deaths of those aged 15+ years due to transport accidents in Russia. Findings: The 2006 set of alcohol policies had no impact on female deaths due to traffic accidents (ω0=-50.31, P=0.27). However, the intervention model revealed an immediate and sustained monthly decrease of 203 deaths due to transport accidents for males (ω0=-203.40, P=0.04), representing an 11% reduction relative to pre-intervention levels. Conclusion: The implementation of the suite of 2006 Russian alcohol control policies is partially responsible for saving more than 2400 male lives annually that would otherwise have been lost to traffic accidents. © 2013 Society for the Study of Addiction.


News Article | December 19, 2016
Site: globenewswire.com

Nicholas Haag ir lielākās Gruzijas bankas “TBC Bank Group PLC” neatkarīgais direktors un audita komitejas priekšsēdētājs. Viņš ir neatkarīgais direktors un vada audita, riska un atbilstības komiteju “Bayport Management Ltd.” (vadošā Āfrikas un Latīņamerikas finanšu risinājumu nodrošinātāja holdinga kompānija). Pirms tam viņš pildīja padomes locekļa pienākumus “Credit Bank of Moscow PJSC”. Nicholas Haag ir 30 gadu pieredze banku sektorā, no tās pusi viņš ir aizvadījis vadošos amatos dažādos finanšu nozares uzņēmumos, tajā skaitā, “Barclays”, “Banque Paribas”, “ABN AMRO” un “Royal Bank of Scotland”, specializējoties finanšu un kapitāla tirgus jautājumos. Nicholas Haag ir ieguvis Oksfordas Universitātes augstāko goda grādu (First Class Honours Degree). Nicholas Haag nepieder AS “Citadele bankas” akcijas. Karina Saroukhanian ir ERAB Finanšu Institūciju komandas vecākā baņķiere. Viņai ir vairāk nekā 15 gadu pieredze sektorā, pēdējā laikā fokusējoties uz finanšu institūciju sektoru. ERAB Karina Saroukhanian atbild par komplicētiem kapitāla piesaistes darījumiem, strādājot ar dažādu jurisdikciju finanšu investoriem. Pirms pievienošanās ERAB viņa bija direktore darījumu apvienošanās un pārņemšanas grupā “Nomura International” Londonā un viceprezidente aktīvu pārvaldes un finanšu konsultāciju uzņēmumā “Sindicatum”. Karina Saroukhanian ir maģistra grāds ekonomikā, iegūts Londonas Ekonomikas Skolā (London School of Economics) un Jaunā Ekonomikas Skolā Maskavā (New Economic School). Karina Saroukhanian nepieder AS “Citadele banka” akcijas.


Swan M.,New Economic School
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2016

The aims of this paper are to (1) provide a conceptual context for smart contracts, (2) argue that blockchains are a next-generation technology enabling much larger-scale and more complex computing projects, and (3) posit blocktime as a new mode of conceiving time. Blockchains are the distributed ledger technology underlying Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies; the payments layer the Internet never had; a mechanism for updating truth states in distributed network computing through consensus trust; and overall, a new form of general computational substrate. Blocktime is the time over which a certain number of blocks will have confirmed; and this creates an alternative event trajectory in time which can be offset against human-time or other computing clocktime regimes for arbitrage or complementary purposes. The result of this effort is to show that blocktime allows the contingency of future events to be more robustly orchestrated through temporality as a selectable smart contract feature. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.


Swan M.,New Economic School
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2016

The aim of this paper is to present conceptual resources that address social robotics from a philosophical, social, and economic perspective. Since social robotics is an emerging and potentially high-impact area, it is necessary to consider the ethics and philosophy of social robotics and its potential impact on society. Philosophical, economic, and ethical issues are addressed first generally, revealing that social robotics is most-centrally a situation of humanmachine collaboration. Second, economic issues are examined more specifically, positing that social robotics might figure prominently in both an automation economy that focuses on reduced requirements for human labor and an abundance economy that targets improved human quality of life. The stakes of social robotics are high and could mean both quantitative and qualitative benefits, and take advantage of the close connection with humans to help negotiate and buffer interactions between humans and a world with an increasing and expanding presence of technology. © Springer International Publishing AG 2016.


Besstremyannaya G.,Keio University | Besstremyannaya G.,New Economic School
Health Economics | Year: 2011

The paper explores the link between managerial performance and cost efficiency of 617 Japanese general local public hospitals in 1999-2007. Treating managerial performance as unobservable heterogeneity, the paper employs a panel data stochastic cost frontier model with latent classes. Financial parameters associated with better managerial performance are found to be positively significant in explaining the probability of belonging to the more efficient latent class. The analysis of latent class membership was consistent with the conjecture that unobservable technological heterogeneity reflected in the existence of the latent classes is related to managerial performance. The findings may support the cause for raising efficiency of Japanese local public hospitals by enhancing the quality of management. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Le Coq C.,Stockholm School of Economics | Paltseva E.,Stockholm School of Economics | Paltseva E.,New Economic School
Energy Policy | Year: 2012

This paper proposes a Transit Risk Index (TRI) designed to assess the riskiness of pipeline gas imports and to study the effect of introducing new gas routes. TRI controls for gas dependency, transit route diversification, political risks of transit, pipeline rupture probability, and the balance of power between supplying and consuming countries along the transit route. Evaluating TRI for the EU-Russia gas trade, we show that the introduction of the Nord Stream pipeline would further widen already large disparities in gas risk exposure across the EU Member States. The gas risk exposure of the Member States served by Nord Stream would decline. In contrast, EU countries not connected to Nord Stream, but sharing other Russian gas transit routes with the Nord Stream countries, would face greater gas risk exposure. We discuss the implications of our analysis for the design of the common energy policy in the EU. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Pridemore W.A.,Georgia State University | Chamlin M.B.,Texas State University | Andreev E.,New Economic School
American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2013

Objectives. We took advantage of a natural experiment to assess the impact on suicide mortality of a suite of Russian alcohol policies. Methods. We obtained suicide counts from anonymous death records collected by the Russian Federal State Statistics Service. We used autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) interrupted time series techniques to model the effect of the alcohol policy (implemented in January 2006) on monthly male and female suicide counts between January 2000 and December 2010. Results. Monthly male and female suicide counts decreased during the period under study. Although the ARIMA analysis showed no impact of the policy on female suicide mortality, the results revealed an immediate and permanent reduction of about 9% in male suicides (Ln x0 = -0.096; P = .01). Conclusions. Despite a recent decrease in mortality, rates of alcohol consumption and suicide in Russia remain among the highest in the world. Our analysis revealed that the 2006 alcohol policy in Russia led to a 9% reduction in male suicide mortality, meaning the policy was responsible for saving 4000 male lives annually that would otherwise have been lost to suicide. Together with recent similar findings elsewhere, our results suggest an important role for public health and other population level interventions, including alcohol policy, in reducing alcohol-related harm. Copyright © 2013 by the American Public Health Association®.

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