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Yan K.,Neurosurgery Institute of Guangdong Province | Yan K.,Yangzhou University | Zhang R.,Neurosurgery Institute of Guangdong Province | Chen L.,Neurosurgery Institute of Guangdong Province | And 15 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2014

Human amniotic membrane-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) are considered a novel and promising source of stem cells for cell replacement-based therapy. Current research is mostly limited to investigating the cellular differentiation potential of AMSCs, while few have focused on their immunosuppressive properties. This study is aimed at exploring and evaluating the immunosuppressive effect of human AMSCs on the viability and migratory properties of microglia. We found, from results of cell viability assays, that AMSCs can reduce the activity of inflammatory cells by secreting nitric oxide (NO). Also, based on results from wound healing and transwell migration assays, we show that AMSCs can inhibit the migration of human microglia as well as the mouse microglial cell line BV2, suggesting that they have the ability to inhibit the recruitment of certain immune cells to injury sites. Furthermore, we found that NO contributes significantly to this inhibitory effect. Our study provides evidence that human AMSCs can have detrimental effects on the viability and migration of microglia, through secretion of NO. This mechanism may contribute to anti-inflammatory processes in the central nervous system. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Liu Y.-Q.,Southern Medical University | Liu Y.-Q.,Neurosurgery Institute of Guangdong Province | Wang Q.-J.,Southern Medical University | Wang Q.-J.,Neurosurgery Institute of Guangdong Province | And 18 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Neuroscience | Year: 2015

Aneurysm recurrence is a principle limitation of endovascular coiling procedures, especially in posterior communicating artery aneurysms, with reported recurrence rates of > 30%. The adjunctive use of selfexpandable stents has revolutionised the treatment of intracranial aneurysms, especially for complex morphologies, wide necks, or unfavourable dome-to-neck ratios. However, there are limited data concerning a direct comparison between simple coiling and stent-assisted coiling in posterior communicating artery aneurysms. This study aimed to compare the durability and outcomes of coiling versus stentassisted coiling procedures. Imaging data of patients with posterior communicating artery aneurysms treated with coiling or stent-assisted coiling between January 2008 and October 2012 were retrospectively analysed. The initial angiographic results, procedural complications, and clinical outcomes were assessed at discharge. Imaging follow-up was performed with cerebral angiography. Complete aneurysm occlusion was achieved on initial angiography in 23/56 (41.1%) stent and 83/235 (35.3%) non-stent patients. At the latest follow-up (mean follow-up 14.3 ± 10.4 months for stent and 13.2 ± 9.5 months for non-stent patients), aneurysms had recurred in 5/47 (10.6%) stent and 57/203 (28.1%) non-stent patients (p = 0.014). Procedural complications occurred in 6/56 (10.7%) stent and 27/235 (11.5%) non-stent aneurysms. No rebleeding occurred during clinical follow-up (mean duration, 46.7 months). Recurrence rates at the latest follow-up were significantly lower in patients undergoing stent-assisted coiling than those undergoing simple coiling. Thus, use of the stent-assisted neck remodelling technique in the treatment of wide-necked posterior communicating artery intracranial aneurysms appears to improve the long-term clinical outcome. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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