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Wu B.,Southern Medical University | Wu B.,Neurosurgery Institute of Beijing Military Region | Yao H.,Affiliated Bayi Brain Hospital | Yao H.,Neurosurgery Institute of Beijing Military Region | And 4 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2013

Curcumin, an active polyphenol extracted from the perennial herb Curcuma longa, controls various molecules involved in tumor cell death. In this study, we found that the tumor suppressor death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1) plays a vital role in the anti-carcinogenic effects of curcumin. We found that curcumin increased DAPK1 expression at the mRNA and protein levels in U251 cells, and that the siRNA-mediated knockdown of DAPK1 attenuated the curcumin-induced inhibition of STAT3 and NF-κB. Moreover, DAPK1 suppression diminished curcumin-induced caspase-3 activation. In addition, we confirmed that DAPK1 was required for a curcumin-induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Thus, DAPK1 is involved in curcumin-mediated death pathways. Our data suggest novel mechanisms for curcumin in cancer therapy. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source


Yao H.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Yao H.,Neurosurgery Institute of Beijing Military Region | Gao M.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Gao M.,Chongqing Medical University | And 23 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Induced neural stem cells (iNSCs) can be directly transdifferentiated from somatic cells. One potential clinical application of the iNSCs is for nerve regeneration. However, it is unknown whether iNSCs function in disease models. We produced transdifferentiated iNSCs by conditional overexpressing Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, c-Mycin mouse embryonic fibroblasts. They expanded readily in vitro and expressed NSC mRNA profile and protein markers. These iNSCs differentiated into mature astrocytes, neurons and oligodendrocytes in vitro. Importantly, they reduced lesion size, promoted the recovery of motor and sensory function as well as metabolism status in middle cerebral artery stroke rats. These iNSCs secreted nerve growth factors, which was associated with observed protection of neurons from apoptosis. Furthermore, iNSCs migrated to and passed through the lesion in the cerebral cortex, where Tuj1+ neurons were detected. These findings have revealed the function of transdifferentiated iNSCs in vivo, and thus provide experimental evidence to support the development of personalized regenerative therapy for CNS diseases by using genetically engineered autologous somatic cells. © 2015 Yao et al. Source


Zhou H.-L.,Southern Medical University | Zhou H.-L.,Neurosurgery Institute of Beijing Military Region | Zhang X.-J.,General Hospital of Beijing Military Region | Zhang M.-Y.,Southern Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Neurochemical Research | Year: 2016

Human amniotic membrane mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) are considered ideal candidate stem cells for cell-based therapy. In this study, we assessed whether hAMSCs transplantation promotes neurological functional recovery in rats after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). In addition, the potential mechanisms underlying the possible benefits of this therapy were investigated. Female Sprague–Dawley rats were subjected to SCI using a weight drop device and then hAMSCs, or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) were immediately injected into the contused dorsal spinal cord at 2 mm rostral and 2 mm caudal to the injury site. Our results indicated that transplanted hAMSCs migrated in the host spinal cord without differentiating into neuronal or glial cells. Compared with the control group, hAMSCs transplantation significantly decreased the numbers of ED1+ macrophages/microglia and caspase-3+ cells. In addition, hAMSCs transplantation significantly increased the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the injured spinal cord, and promoted both angiogenesis and axonal regeneration. These effects were associated with significantly improved neurobehavioral recovery in the hAMSCs transplantation group. These results show that transplantation of hAMSCs provides neuroprotective effects in rats after SCI, and could be candidate stem cells for the treatment of SCI. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York Source


Wu B.,Southern Medical University | Wu B.,Neurosurgery Institute of Beijing Military Region | Yao X.,Affiliated Bayi Brain Hospital | Yao X.,Neurosurgery Institute of Beijing Military Region | And 4 more authors.
DNA and Cell Biology | Year: 2013

DNA methylation plays an essential role in carcinogenesis. Promoter hypermethylation can result in transcriptional silencing of specific genes, such as tumor suppressors. Thus far, few reports have investigated the effect of curcumin, an active component of the perennial herb Curcuma longa, on DNA methylation. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of curcumin on receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) gene expression in human glioblastoma cells. Incubation of cells with therapeutic concentrations of curcumin resulted in a significant elevation of RANK expression at both the mRNA and protein levels in two glioblastoma cell lines. We further confirmed that this elevation was associated with promoter demethylation through methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and bisulfite sequencing PCR. Additionally, we demonstrated that knockdown of STAT3, an oncogenic transcription factor, is sufficient to induce RANK promoter demethylation along with RANK reactivation. These results demonstrated that curcumin induced RANK gene reactivation through epigenetic modification in human glioblastoma cells, and that STAT3 is involved in RANK promoter hypermethylation and epigenetic silencing, thus allowing for further applications of curcumin epigenetic therapy in glioma and therapeutic implications of STAT3 in human glioblastoma. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013. Source


Zhou H.,Southern Medical University | Zhou H.,Neurosurgery Institute of Beijing Military Region | Zhang H.,Southern Medical University | Zhang H.,Neurosurgery Institute of Beijing Military Region | And 3 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2016

Human amniotic membrane mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) have recently been suggested as ideal candidate stem cells for cell-based therapy. Many studies have reported the therapeutic effects of hAMSCs in numerous disease models. However, no studies have used hAMSCs to treat intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). In the present study, we examined the therapeutic potential of hAMSCs in a rat model of ICH, and characterized the possible mechanisms of action. Adult male Wistar rats were subjected to ICH by intrastriatal injection of VII collagenase, and then were intracerebrally administered hAMSCs, fibroblasts, or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) at 24 h after ICH. Compared with the fibroblasts and the PBS control, hAMSCs treatment significantly promoted neurological recovery, and reduced the numbers of ED1+ activated microglia, as well as myeloperoxidase (MPO+), and caspase-3+ cells in the brain injury model. In addition, hAMSCs treatment significantly increased the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the injured brain, and promoted neurogenesis and angiogenesis, compared with the fibroblasts and the PBS control. The transplanted hAMSCs survived for at least 27 days and were negative for β-tubulin III and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Taken together, the results suggest that hAMSCs treatment significantly promotes neurological recovery in rats after ICH. The mechanism of action could be mediated by inhibition of inflammation and apoptosis, increasing neurotrophic factor expression, and promotion of neurogenesis and angiogenesis. Thus, hAMSCs are candidate stem cells for the treatment of ICH. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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