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Tchikviladze M.,AP HP | Tchikviladze M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Gilleron M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Gilleron M.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 33 more authors.
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry | Year: 2015

Objective: Diseases due to mutations of POLG gene, encoding the mitochondrial DNA polymerase, are reputed to have very diverse clinical presentations and have been proposed to cause up to 25% adult mitochondrial diseases. Our objective was the evaluation of the specificity and sensitivity of the signs encountered with POLG mutations. Design: Fortyfour patients out of 154 with sequenced POLG gene had mutations affecting either one (POLG+/- group) or two POLG alleles (POLG+/+ group). Phenotyping included clinical signs, electroneuromyography and brain imaging while mitochondrial investigations encompassed muscle histochemistry, respiratory chain assays and search for multiple mitochondrial deletions. The specificity and sensitivity of the signs associated with POLG mutations were analysed by comparison between POLG+/+ and patients without POLG mutation. Results: High sensitivity but low specificity was observed with single signs such as axonal sensory neuropathy, cerebellar syndrome, movement disorders and weakness involving ocular, pharyngeal, axial and/or limb muscles. Specificity was increased with combination of previous signs plus psychiatric symptoms, cognitive impairment and epilepsy. High specificity and sensitivity was only obtained with sensory neuronopathy associated with one of the following signs: weakness of ocular, pharyngeal, axial and/or limb muscles. Mitochondrial investigations did not suffice for diagnosis. The widespread neuromuscular signs were often present since disease onset and were the rule above 50 years of age leading to a very low probability of POLG mutations in patients with less than three signs and absent sensory neuropathy. Conclusions: Phenotypes associated with POLG mutations follow a reproducible pattern, which allows establishing a diagnostic flow chart.


Hargreaves I.P.,Neurometabolic Unit
International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology | Year: 2014

Treatment of mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) disorders is extremely difficult, however, coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and its synthetic analogues are the only agents which have shown some therapeutic benefit to patients. CoQ10 serves as an electron carrier in the MRC as well as functioning as a potent lipid soluble antioxidant. CoQ10 supplementation is fundamental to the treatment of patients with primary defects in the CoQ10 biosynthetic pathway. The efficacy of CoQ10 and its analogues in the treatment of patients with MRC disorders not associated with a CoQ10 deficiency indicates their ability to restore electron flow in the MRC and/or increase mitochondrial antioxidant capacity may also be important contributory factors to their therapeutic potential. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | Neurometabolic Unit
Type: | Journal: The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology | Year: 2014

Treatment of mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) disorders is extremely difficult, however, coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and its synthetic analogues are the only agents which have shown some therapeutic benefit to patients. CoQ10 serves as an electron carrier in the MRC as well as functioning as a potent lipid soluble antioxidant. CoQ10 supplementation is fundamental to the treatment of patients with primary defects in the CoQ10 biosynthetic pathway. The efficacy of CoQ10 and its analogues in the treatment of patients with MRC disorders not associated with a CoQ10 deficiency indicates their ability to restore electron flow in the MRC and/or increase mitochondrial antioxidant capacity may also be important contributory factors to their therapeutic potential.

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