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Wang Y.,Hebei Medical University | Duan W.,Neurological Laboratory of Hebei Province | Wang W.,Hebei Medical University | Di Wen,Hebei Medical University | And 14 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2016

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an adult-onset neurodegenerative disease that leads to paralysis and death three to five years after diagnosis in most patients. The disease is incurable, and the mechanism of motoneuron degeneration remains unknown, although research has demonstrated that activated microglia are involved in motor neuron death. Here, we used a simple method to deliver AAV9 virus by direct intrathecal injection and found that scAAV9-VEGF-165 improved the motor performance and prolonged the life span of SOD1-G93A mice. Furthermore, scAAV9-VEGF-165 activated the PI3K/Akt survival pathway and increased the level of Bcl-2, which contributed to the protection of motor neurons. Additionally, scAAV9-VEGF-165 attenuated the expression of classically activated (M1) microglial markers and enhanced the expression of alternatively activated (M2) microglial markers. Taken together, the results of our study suggest that simple, direct intrathecal injection of scAAV9-VEGF-165 may have a curative effect for ALS. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Guo Y.,Hebei Medical University | Guo Y.,Institute of Cardiocerebrovascular Disease | Guo Y.,Neurological Laboratory of Hebei Province | Zhang K.,Hebei Medical University | And 12 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2011

Diallyl trisulfide (DATS) is one of the major constituents in garlic oil and has been documented to transcriptionally activate phase II enzymes. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of DATS in prolonging disease duration and survival in a transgenic mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). SOD1-G93A transgenic mice were randomly divided into DATS-treated group (80 mg/kg/d, p.o.) and vehicle-treated group at disease onset stage. Oral administration of DATS beginning at clinical onset stage significantly prolonged disease duration and extended life span for about one week. DATS treatment induced HO-1 and reduced GFAP expression in the lumbar spinal cord of SOD1-G93A transgenic mice. This study indicates that DATS has multifunctional neuroprotective effects in SOD1-G93A transgenic mice. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Han H.,Hebei Medical University | Wei W.,Hebei Medical University | Duan W.,Hebei Medical University | Duan W.,Institute of Cardiocerebrovascular Disease | And 14 more authors.
In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Animal | Year: 2015

Autophagy-linked FYVE (Alfy) is a protein implicated in the selective degradation of aggregated proteins. In our present study, we found that Alfy was recruited into the aggregated G93A-SOD1 in transgenic mice with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We demonstrated that Alfy overexpression could decrease the expression of mutant proteins via the autophagosome-lysosome pathway, and thereby, the toxicity of mutant proteins was reduced. The clearance of the mutant proteins in NSC34 cells was significantly inhibited in an Alfy knockdown cellular model. We therefore deduced that Alfy translocalization likely is involved in the pathogenesis of ALS. Alfy may be developed into a useful target for ALS therapy. © 2014, The Society for In Vitro Biology.


Dong H.,Hebei Medical University | Dong H.,Institute of Cardiocerebrovascular Disease | Dong H.,Neurological Laboratory of Hebei Province | Xu L.,Hebei Medical University | And 11 more authors.
Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Mutation of TAR DNA-binding protein-43 (TDP-43) is detected in familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS and SALS). TDP-43-positive cytoplasmic inclusions are present in both neuron and glia of ALS, although not in mutant Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (mSOD1)-related or RNA binding protein Fused in sarcoma (FUS)-related ALS. Previous studies have established that cortical hyper-excitability is common to both FALS and SALS patients. Much of our current understanding of neuron excitability has come from studying the subtype of mSOD1-related ALS. Thus, we evaluated the excitable capability through analyzing properties of action potentials (APs) and voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channels on the cellular model, motoneuron-like cell lines that were steadily transfected with mutant Q331K and wild-type TDP-43. We found that wild-type TDP-43 increased firing frequency of APs, but the presence of mutant Q331K TDP-43 enhanced firing frequency and decreased the threshold of APs to a higher level. Further, we observed that mutant Q331K and wild-type TDP-43 induced more rapid speed of recovery from fast and slow inactivation of Nav channels and resulted in a reduction of voltage dependency of slow inactivation. These results provide evidence for high excitability that resulted from the presence of mutant and wild-type TDP-43, and more toxicity of mutant TDP-43 than wild-type. Other studies suggest that Nav channel activity can be increased directly by different oxidative species and, we have shown previously that oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction occurs simultaneously in the cellular model of mutant TDP-43 and can be ameliorated by dimethoxy curcumin (DMC), a safe and effective antioxidant. In the present study we found that the abnormities of APs and Nav channels were significantly ameliorated when treated with DMC (15μM) for 24h, suggesting a dropping-excitability state. Taken together, mutant Q331K TDP-43 induces high excitability in a motoneuron-like cellular model, and this abnormal state is rescued by DMC which may act through alleviation of oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. © 2014.


PubMed | Neurological Laboratory of Hebei Province and Hebei Medical University
Type: | Journal: Neurochemical research | Year: 2016

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an adult-onset, irreversible neurodegenerative disease that leads to progressive paralysis and inevitable death 3-5 years after diagnosis. The mechanisms underlying this process remain unknown, but new evidence indicates that accumulating levels of D-serine result from the downregulation of D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) and that this is a novel mechanism that leads to motoneuronal death in ALS via N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-mediated cell toxicity. Here, we explored a new therapeutic approach to ALS by overexpressing DAO in the lumbar region of the mouse spinal cord using a single stranded adeno-associated virus serotype 9 (ssAAV9) vector. A single intrathecal injection of ssAAV9-DAO was made in SOD1

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