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Perth, Australia

Duff R.M.,University of Western Australia | Shearwood A.M.J.,University of Western Australia | Ermer J.,University of Western Australia | Rosseti G.,University of Western Australia | And 8 more authors.
Mitochondrion | Year: 2015

Leigh syndrome (LS) is a progressive mitochondrial neurodegenerative disorder, whose symptoms most commonly include psychomotor delay with regression, lactic acidosis and a failure to thrive. Here we describe three siblings with LS, but with additional manifestations including hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, cholestatic hepatitis, and seizures. All three affected siblings were found to be homoplasmic for an m. 5559A>G mutation in the T stem of the mitochondrial DNA-encoded MT-TW by next generation sequencing. The m.5559A>G mutation causes a reduction in the steady state levels of tRNATrp and this decrease likely affects the stability of other mitochondrial RNAs in the patient fibroblasts. We observe accumulation of an unprocessed transcript containing tRNATrp, decreased de novo protein synthesis and consequently lowered steady state levels of mitochondrial DNA-encoded proteins that compromise mitochondrial respiration. Our results show that the m.5559A>G mutation at homoplasmic levels causes LS in association with severe multi-organ disease (LS-plus) as a consequence of dysfunctional mitochondrial RNA metabolism. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. and Mitochondria Research Society.

Cabrera-Serrano M.,University of Western Australia | Cabrera-Serrano M.,University of Seville | Fabian V.A.,Section of Neuropathology | Boutilier J.,University of Western Australia | And 4 more authors.
Clinical Genetics | Year: 2015

An MYH2 mutation p.(Glu706Lys) was originally described in a family with autosomal dominant inheritance, where the affected family members presented with multiple congenital contractures and ophthalmoplegia, progressing to a proximal myopathy in adulthood. Another patient with a dominant mutation p.(Leu1870Pro) was described, presenting as a congenital myopathy with ophthalmoplegia. Here, we present a patient with symptoms beginning at age 16 years, of prominent distal but also proximal weakness, bulbar involvement and ophthalmoplegia. Initially, clinically classified as oculopharyngodistal myopathy, the patient was found to carry a novel, de novo MYH2 mutation c.5630T>C p.(Leu1877Pro). This expands the phenotype of dominant MYH2 myopathies with the clinical phenotype overlapping the oculopharyngodistal myopathy spectrum. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Cabrera-Serrano M.,University of Western Australia | Cabrera-Serrano M.,University of Seville | Junckerstorff R.C.,PathWest Laboratory Medicine Western Australia | Junckerstorff R.C.,University of Western Australia | And 6 more authors.
Muscle and Nerve | Year: 2015

Introduction: Mutations in the choline kinase beta (CHKB) gene are associated with a congenital muscular dystrophy with giant mitochondria at the periphery of muscle fibers. Methods: We describe a patient of Italian origin in whom whole-exome sequencing revealed a novel homozygous nonsense mutation, c.648C>A, p.(Tyr216*), in exon 5 of CHKB. Results: The patient presented with limb-girdle weakness and hypotonia from birth with mental retardation, and had sudden and transient deteriorations of muscle strength with acute intercurrent illnesses. Previously undescribed sarcolemmal overexpression of utrophin was noted in the muscle biopsy. Conclusions: Pathological features broaden the description of the entity and provide new insight in the pathogenic mechanisms. This case highlights the usefulness of next-generation sequencing in the diagnosis of rare and incompletely understood conditions. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Cabrera-Serrano M.,University of Western Australia | Cabrera-Serrano M.,University of Seville | Ghaoui R.,Institute for Neuroscience and Muscle Research | Ghaoui R.,University of Sydney | And 23 more authors.
Brain | Year: 2015

Dystroglycanopathies are a heterogeneous group of diseases with a broad phenotypic spectrum ranging from severe disorders with congenital muscle weakness, eye and brain structural abnormalities and intellectual delay to adult-onset limb-girdle muscular dystrophies without mental retardation. Most frequently the disease onset is congenital or during childhood. The exception is FKRP mutations, in which adult onset is a common presentation. Here we report eight patients from five non-consanguineous families where next generation sequencing identified mutations in the GMPPB gene. Six patients presented as an adult or adolescent-onset limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, one presented with isolated episodes of rhabdomyolysis, and one as a congenital muscular dystrophy. This report expands the phenotypic spectrum of GMPPB mutations to include limb-girdle muscular dystrophies with adult onset with or without intellectual disability, or isolated rhabdomyolysis. © 2015 The Author.

Lamont P.J.,Neurogenetic Unit | Lamont P.J.,Queen Elizabeth Medical Center | Wallefeld W.,Queen Elizabeth Medical Center | Hilton-Jones D.,John Radcliffe Hospital | And 31 more authors.
Human Mutation | Year: 2014

Laing early onset distal myopathy and myosin storage myopathy are caused by mutations of slow skeletal/β-cardiac myosin heavy chain encoded by the gene MYH7, as is a common form of familial hypertrophic/dilated cardiomyopathy. The mechanisms by which different phenotypes are produced by mutations in MYH7, even in the same region of the gene, are not known. To explore the clinical spectrum and pathobiology, we screened the MYH7 gene in 88 patients from 21 previously unpublished families presenting with distal or generalized skeletal muscle weakness, with or without cardiac involvement. Twelve novel mutations have been identified in thirteen families. In one of these families, the father of the proband was found to be a mosaic for the MYH7 mutation. In eight cases, de novo mutation appeared to have occurred, which was proven in four. The presenting complaint was footdrop, sometimes leading to delayed walking or tripping, in members of 17 families (81%), with other presentations including cardiomyopathy in infancy, generalized floppiness, and scoliosis. Cardiac involvement as well as skeletal muscle weakness was identified in nine of 21 families. Spinal involvement such as scoliosis or rigidity was identified in 12 (57%). This report widens the clinical and pathological phenotypes, and the genetics of MYH7 mutations leading to skeletal muscle diseases. © 2014 WILEY PERIODICALS, INC.

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