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Shiue Y.-L.,National Sun Yat - sen University | Yang J.-R.,Livestock Research Institute | Liao Y.-J.,Livestock Research Institute | Kuo T.-Y.,Livestock Research Institute | And 7 more authors.
Theriogenology | Year: 2016

Pluripotent stem cells including embryonic stem cells (ESCs), embryonic germ cells (EGCs), and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are capable of self-renew and limitlessly proliferating in vitro with undifferentiated characteristics. They are able to differentiate in vitro, spontaneously or responding to suitable signals, into cells of all three primary germ layers. Consequently, these pluripotent stem cells will be valuable sources for cell replacement therapy in numerous disorders. However, the promise of human ESCs and EGCs is cramped by the ethical argument about destroying embryos and fetuses for cell line creation. Moreover, there are still carcinogenic risks existing toward the goal of clinical application for human ESCs, EGCs, and iPSCs. Therefore, a suitable animal model for stem cell research will benefit the further development of human stem cell technology. The pigs, on the basis of their similarity in anatomy, immunology, physiology, and biochemical properties, have been wide used as model animals in the study of various human diseases. The development of porcine pluripotent stem cell lines will hold the opportunity to provide an excellent material for human counterpart to the transplantation in biomedical research and further development of cell-based therapeutic strategy. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Tsai M.-J.,Tzu Chi University | Tsai M.-J.,Neuro Medical Scientific Center | Yang-Yen H.-F.,Academia Sinica, Taiwan | Chiang M.-K.,National Chung Cheng University | And 3 more authors.
Endocrinology | Year: 2014

The perinatal period is critical for β-cell mass establishment, which is characterized by a transient burst in proliferation to increase β-cell mass in response to the need for glucose homeostasis throughout life. In adulthood, the ability of β-cells to grow, proliferate, and expand their mass is also characteristic of pathological states of insulin resistance. Translationally controlled tumorassociated protein (TCTP), an evolutionarily highly conserved protein that is implicated in cell growth and proliferation, has been identified as a novel glucose-regulated survival-supporting protein in pancreatic β-cells. In this study, the enhanced β-cell proliferation detected both during the perinatal developmental period and in insulin-resistant states in high-fat diet-fed mice was found to parallel the expression of TCTP in pancreatic β-cells. Specific knockout of TCTP in β-cells led to increased expression of total and nuclear Forkhead box protein O1 and tumor suppressor protein 53, and decreased expression of p70S6 kinase phosphorylation and cyclin D2 and cyclindependent kinase 2. This resulted in decreased β-cell proliferationandgrowth, reducedβ-cell mass, and insulin secretion. Together, these effects led to hyperglycemia. These observations suggest that TCTP is essential for β-cell mass expansion during development and β-cell adaptation in response to insulin resistance. Copyright © 2014 by the Endocrine Society.

Yang K.-L.,Buddhist Tzu Chi Stem Cells Center | Yang K.-L.,Tzu Chi University | Lee J.-T.,Tzu Chi University | Pang C.-Y.,Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Center | And 7 more authors.
Cellular and Molecular Biology Letters | Year: 2012

Human adipose-derived stem cells (huADSC) were generated from fat tissue of a 65-year-old male donor. Flow cytometry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses indicated that the huADSC express neural cell proteins (MAP2, GFAP, nestin and β-III tubulin), neurotrophic growth factors (BDNF and GDNF), and the chemotactic factor CXCR4 and its corresponding ligand CXCL12. In addition, huADSC expressed the characteristic mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) markers CD29, CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105 and HLA class I. The huADSC were employed, via a right femoral vein injection, to treat rats inflicted with experimental intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Behavioral measurement on the experimental animals, seven days after the huADSC therapy, showed a significant functional improvement in the rats with stem cell therapy in comparison with rats of the control group without the stem cell therapy. The injected huADSC were detectable in the brains of the huADSC treated rats as determined by histochemistry analysis, suggesting a role of the infused huADSC in facilitating functional recovery of the experimental animals with ICH induced stroke. © 2012 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.

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