Vorkamp K.,University of Aarhus |
Riget F.F.,NERI Inc |
Bossi R.,NERI Inc |
Dietz R.,NERI Inc
Environmental Science and Technology | Year: 2011
Concentrations of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) were determined in a combination of archived and fresh blubber samples of juvenile ringed seals from East Greenland collected between 1986 and 2008. α-HBCD was the only diastereoisomer consistently above levels of quantification and showed a significant log-linear (exponential) increase from 2.0 to 8.7 ng/g lipid weight (median concentrations) with an annual rate of +6.1%. The concentrations were up to several orders of magnitude lower than those reported for marine mammals from industrialized areas. Previously presented time trends on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been extended with new data for 2006 and 2008. ΣPBDE in juvenile seals was the only parameter with a slight upward trend, however, dependent on the low 1986 concentration. Removing this data point resulted in a downward trend, which also was found for adult seals with a time trend starting in 1994. ΣPCB decreased significantly in juvenile seals, again due to the 1986 value, while no trend was found for the adult animals. This indicates stagnating PCB concentrations at a relatively high level, in some cases possibly exceeding tolerable daily intake rates for seal blubber as traditional Arctic food items. © 2011 American Chemical Society. Source
Helming K.,Leibniz Center for Agricultural Landscape Research |
Diehl K.,Leibniz Center for Agricultural Landscape Research |
Bach H.,NERI Inc |
Dilly O.,University of Hamburg |
And 7 more authors.
Ecology and Society | Year: 2011
Contemporary policy making calls for scientific support to anticipate the possible consequences of optional policy decisions on sustainable development. This paper presents an analytical framework for ex ante assessment of economic, social, and environmental impacts of policy driven land use changes that can be used as an aid to policy making. The tasks were to (1) link policy scenarios with land use change simulations, (2) link land use change simulations with environmental, social, and economic impacts through indicators, and (3) valuate the impacts in the context of sustainable development. The outcome was a basis for dialogue at the science-policy interface in the process of developing new policies on the European level that impact on land and land use. The analytical approach provides a logical thread for ex ante impact assessment within the context of sustainable development, land use multifunctionality, and land use change and it provides a thorough discussion of achievements and open challenges related to the framework. It concludes with considerations on the potential for using evidence based ex ante assessments in the process of policy development. The paper is complemented by a B-paper providing exemplary results from two applications of the framework: a financial reform scenario of the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union, and a bioenergy policy scenario for the case of Poland (Helming et al. 2011). © 2011 by the author(s). Source
Kumar P.,Dr YSP UHF Regional Horticultural Research and Training Station |
Sharma S.D.,NERI Inc |
Sharma N.C.,Nauni |
Scientia Horticulturae | Year: 2015
This study aimed to understand the relationship for productivity related traits using correlations and path coefficient analysis of 'Dashehari' mango under rainfed agro-climatic zone conditions of north-west Himalayas of India. The study also identifies the relationship among agronomic and yield-related characteristics to know the direct and indirect effect of independent variables on managerial ability of the crop. Correlation and path coefficient analyses were carried out over two consecutive years (2004, 2005) seasons for plant growth (tree trunk), leaf nutrient concentration, and fruit yield across four districts of Himachal Pradesh. Based on yield performance, an optimum sample size of 20 trees from each orchard comprised of 10 trees each of two categories: high productive (>90kgtree-1) and low productive (<90kgtree-1) were selected using the probability proportional to size multistage sampling scheme. Both high as well as low productive orchards were analyzed for soil and leaf chemical properties. Simple linear correlation and path coefficient analyses were worked out between all possible combinations. The contribution of leaf nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), and iron (Fe) on growth and fruit yield was studied. In high productive trees, path model showed that leaf N, Mg, Fe, Cu and Mn concentrations recorded the high magnitude of direct effect on fruit yield. However, leaf N concentration had a strong positive indirect effect through leaf Zn. Leaf Cu and Zn concentrations had a positive indirect effect through leaf Mg and leaf Zn on fruit yield. In low productive trees, leaf N concentration had a strong positive direct effect and a strong positive indirect effect via leaf Zn on fruit yield. Similarly, the direct effect of tree volume on fruit yield was positive, while, the maximum positive indirect effect was through leaf K. A residual value of 0.7308 and 0.7292 indicates the collective influence of the variables was to the magnitude of 0.2692 and 0.2708 to the extent of 26.9 and 27.1% toward fruit yield, and contributed 40.7 and 14.7% toward tree volume in high and low productive mango trees, respectively. The collective influence of the variables included on tree volume to the magnitude of 0.8521 and concluded that leaf nutrient content has been contributed to the extent of 14.7% toward tree volume. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source
NERI Inc | Date: 2012-05-04
Metal masts for lamp posts; metal columns to support lamps, signs and urban clocks; metal railings for fences, balconies, and bridges; metal road supports; metal traffic separators in the nature of metal posts and metal barrier fences; metal guard barriers for roads; metal road barriers; metal wall brackets; metal boxes; metal fences; metal rims for flower beds; metal baskets; metal gazebos; prefabricated metal platforms, metal verandas, and metal pavilions; metal bicycle storage racks; metal roofs. Apparatus for lighting, namely, lamps, street lamps, chandeliers, suspended lanterns for lighting. Furniture made of metal; furniture made of wood.
NERI Inc | Date: 2012-06-19
Automatic machines and apparatus, all in the nature of packaging machines for the packaging of pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles; filling machines for pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles; selecting machines in the nature of machines for selecting articles for packaging, all for pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles; cartoning machines for pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles; capping machines for pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles; labeling machines in the nature of automatic industrial labeling machines for applying labels to articles, containers and bottles, all for pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles; carton sealing machines, all for pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles; automatic machines and apparatuses, all in the nature of machines for making and assembling bottles and containers for receiving pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles. Microprocessors for packaging of pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles; microprocessors for filling machines, counting machines, measuring machines, selecting machines, cartoning machines, capping machines, piping machines, labeling machines, sealing machines, all for pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles; microprocessors for making and assembling bottles and containers for pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles; counting machines for counting the number of articles for packaging in the field of pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetic articles; measuring machines for measuring articles for packaging in the field of pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles. Maintenance, repair and reconditioning of automatic machines and microprocessor based automatic machines and apparatuses, all for the packaging of pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles, and advisory and consultancy services relating thereto; maintenance, repair and reconditioning of filling machines, counting machines, measuring machines, selecting machines, cartoning machines, capping machines, piping machines, labeling machines, sealing machines, including those that are microprocessor based, all for pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles, and advisory and consultancy services relating thereto; maintenance, repair and reconditioning of automatic machines and microprocessor operated automatic machines and apparatuses, all used in the making and the assembling of bottles and containers for filling with pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs and cosmetics articles, and advisory and consultancy services relating thereto.