Medicine, Germany
Medicine, Germany

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Kaneko T.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | Shimizu A.,Nippon Medical School | Mii A.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | Fujita E.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | And 10 more authors.
Nephron - Experimental Nephrology | Year: 2013

Background/Aims: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are zinc endopeptidases that degrade extracellular matrix and are involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic damage in acute kidney injury (AKI). In the present study, we analyzed the role of MMP-2 in the repair process in ischemic AKI. Methods: AKI was induced in MMP-2 wild-type (MMP-2+/+) and MMP-2-deficient (MMP-2 -/-) mice by 90-min renal artery clamping followed by reperfusion. Renal histology and the activity and distribution of MMP-2 were examined from day 1 to day 14. During the recovery from AKI, MMP-2+/+ mice were also treated with MMP-2/MMP-9 inhibitor. Results: In both MMP-2+/+ and MMP-2-/- mice, AKI developed on day 1 after ischemia/reperfusion with widespread acute tubular injury, but subsequent epithelial cell proliferation was evident on days 3-7. During the repair process, active MMP-2 and MMP-9 increased in regenerating tubular epithelial cells in MMP-2 +/+ mice on days 7-14, and the tubular repair process was almost complete by day 14. On the other hand, in MMP-2-/- mice, less prominent proliferation of tubular epithelial cells was evident on days 3 and 7, and damaged tubules that were covered with elongated and immature regenerated epithelial cells were identified on days 7 and 14. Incomplete recovery of injured microvasculature was also noted with persistent macrophage infiltration. Similarly, treatment with MMP-2/MMP-9 inhibitor resulted in impaired recovery in MMP-2+/+ mice. Conclusion: MMP-2 is involved in tubular repair after AKI. The use of the MMP-2/MMP-9 inhibitor was a disadvantage when it was administered during the repair stage of ischemic AKI. Treatment with MMP inhibitor for AKI needs to be modified to enhance recovery from AKI. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Kaneko T.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | Arima R.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | Arakawa Y.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | Aoki M.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | And 8 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Nephrology | Year: 2011

It has been reported that glomerulosclerosis with IgA deposition is likely to be complicated with alcoholic liver cirrhosis. On the other hand, it is said that complications of nephrotic syndrome or rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) are relatively rare. We experienced two patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis complicated with RPGN syndrome who had obtained favorable outcomes through the use of steroids and immune system suppressors. Case 1 was a 55-year-old male. He was being treated for alcoholic liver cirrhosis, but as bloody urine was noticed macroscopically, his renal function rapidly decreased. Specimens from a renal biopsy showed endocapillary proliferative lesions accompanying necrotic lesions. Granular deposition of IgA(IgA1) and C3 was seen along the capillary walls and in the mesangial areas. After the combined treatments of bilateral palatotonsillectomy, three courses of steroid semi-pulse therapy and post-therapy with steroids and mizoribin (MZR) were started, his hematuria and proteinuria disappeared and renal function improved markedly. Case 2 was a 37-year-old male with alcoholic liver cirrhosis complicated with hepatic encephalopathy. Although he was being treated at another hospital, nephritic syndrome occurred with rapidly worsening renal function and massive ascites. After continuous drainage of the ascites, we performed a renal biopsy. Mild proliferative lesions and notable wrinkling, thickening and doubling of the basal membrane were seen. Crescent formations were found in about half of the glomeruli. The fluorescent antibody technique showed positive pictures of IgA (IgA1) and C3. When three courses of steroid semi-pulse therapy and post therapy with steroids and MZR were combined, his proteinuria and serum Cre level decreased and stagnated ascites markedly decreased. The two cases were diagnosed as having secondary IgA nephropathy induced by the deposition of the IgA1 derived mainly from the intestinal tract, which had increased in the blood due to alcoholic liver cirrhosis. Active use of immune system suppressor therapy was effective.


Gerth H.-U.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | Pohlen M.,University of Munster | Thoennissen N.-H.,University of Munster | Suwelack B.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | And 5 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2012

Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) is a rare malignant tumor entity compared to common clear cell renal carcinoma. In the present study, we report a patient who was diagnosed with PRCC twice and successfully treated each time following renal transplantation. The first PRCC was located in the left native kidney two years following transplantation, and the second PRCC was diagnosed in the allograft 13 years following transplantation. The two tumors were completely removed by surgery in stage I of the disease with sufficient conservation of the allograft function. Notably, the tumors had a different origin as indicated by the microsatellite analysis, which reflects the exceptional course of the case. Risk factors for PRCC were identified in our patient. We concluded that high-risk candidates for malignancies in renal transplant recipients should receive shorter ultrasonic screening intervals, which may facilitate early tumor detection and improve outcome rates.


Katsumata T.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | Otori T.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | Nishiyama Y.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | Okubo S.,Nephrology and Rheumatology | And 7 more authors.
Neurological Research | Year: 2010

Objective: We investigated whether a correlation exists between insulin resistance and the severity of cerebral white matter lesions among non-diabetic patients with ischemic stroke. Methods: The subjects were 105 consecutive patients without diabetes who were hospitalized due to non-cardioembolic stroke. The insulin resistance was evaluated by a homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). The degrees of periventricular hyperintensity (PVH) and deep and subcortical white matter hyperintensity (DSWMH) were evaluated by the brain MRI. The HOMA-IR values ≥2·5 were indicative of the insulin resistance. Results: The presence of PVH and DSWMH were 86·7 and 83·8%, respectively. The ratio of insulin resistance increased with higher grades of PVH and DSWMH. The HOMA-IR level in grade 3 PVH was significantly higher than those in grades 0 and 1. The HOMA-IR level in grade 3 DSWMH was significantly higher than those in grades 0-2. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that HOMA-IR was significantly associated with PVH or DSWMH. Conclusion: It was found that insulin resistance correlated with white matter lesions among non-diabetic patients with non-cardiogenic ischemic stroke. © 2010 Maney Publishing.

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