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Hillerød, Denmark

Abrahamsen B.,University of Southern Denmark | Rubin K.H.,University of Southern Denmark | Eiken P.A.,Nephrology and Endocrinology | Eastell R.,University of Sheffield
Osteoporosis International | Year: 2013

Antiresorptive treatment reduces the risk of fractures, but most patients remain at elevated risk. We used health registers to identify predictors of new major osteoporotic fractures in patients adhering to alendronate. Risk factors showed a different pattern than in the general population and included dementia, ulcer disease, and Parkinson's disease. Introduction: Antiresorptives reduce the excess risk of fractures in patients with osteoporosis, but most patients remain at elevated risk. In some countries, patients must sustain fractures while on bisphosphonate (BP) treatment to qualify for more expensive treatment. It is unclear if patients who fracture on BP can be viewed as a distinct subgroup. Methods: The National Prescription registry was used to identify 38,088 new alendronate users. The outcome was major osteoporotic fractures 6+ months after filling the first prescription in patients with a medication possession ratio > 80 %. Results: One thousand and seventy-two (5.5 %) patients sustained major osteoporotic fractures. The risk increased with age and was lower in men. The most important risk factor was the number of comedications (hazard ratio (HR) 1.04, 95 % CI 1.03-1.06, for each drug). Dementia (HR 1.81, 95 % CI 1.18-2.78), prior fracture (one: HR 1.17, 95 % CI 1.02-1.34; multiple: HR 1.34, 95 % CI 1.08-1.67), and ulcer disease (HR 1.45, 95 % CI 1.04-2.03) also increased the risk. Diabetes did not influence fracture risk, nor did rheumatic disorders. The risk was lower in glucocorticoid users (HR 0.78, 95 % CI 0.65-0.93). Conclusion: Risk factors while adhering to BP show a somewhat different pattern than that of the general population and FRAX. Ulcer disease and dementia may impair the ability to use the medications correctly. Though this is an observational study and associations may not be causal, it may be prudent to include dementia, ulcer disease, and Parkinson's disease to capture the risk of fractures on treatment. Lower risk in patients treated with glucocorticoids and in men probably reflects a lower treatment threshold related to guidelines. © 2012 International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation.

Kruse C.,University of Aalborg | Eiken P.,Nephrology and Endocrinology | Eiken P.,Copenhagen University | Vestergaard P.,University of Aalborg | Vestergaard P.,Aarhus University Hospital
Osteoporosis International | Year: 2015

Summary: The association between hyponatremia and osteoporosis was evaluated in humans. A significant association was found between low sodium levels, lower bone mineralization in the hip, and with several common conditions. Hyponatremia could be used as a marker of osteoporosis and systemic disease.Introduction: The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between hyponatremia and osteoporosis in humans through a cross-sectional study.Methods: Patient information was gathered from regional and national Danish patient databases, both in- and outpatient settings, from 2004 to 2011. Patients with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans performed within this time were included if accompanied [Na+] was measured within 14 days prior or past the scan date. A total of 1575 patients were included.Results: A total of 104 patients were hyponatremic (6.6 %). Total hip and lumbar spine bone mineral content (BMC) and densities (BMD) and T-scores were all significantly lower with hyponatremia. The odds ratio (OR) of osteoporosis significantly increased among hyponatremic patients at both total hip (unadjusted OR = 2.17, 95 % CI = [1.40–3.34], p <.05) and lumbar spine (unadjusted OR = 1.83, 95 % CI = [1.20–2.80], p <.05) regions. Dose-response found between increasing [Na+] and increasing total hip BMC (slope.174, adjusted p <.05), BMD (slope.004, adjusted p <.05), and T-score (slope.034, adjusted p <.05). Systemic disease was more prevalent in hyponatremia.Conclusion: The presence of hyponatremia increases the risk of concurrent osteoporosis at both the total hip and lumbar spine in humans. Hyponatremia could be used a screening tool and marker of secondary osteoporosis. © 2014, International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation.

Brask-Lindemann D.,Copenhagen University | Eiken P.,Nephrology and Endocrinology | Eskildsen P.,Copenhagen University | Abrahamsen B.,Copenhagen University
Osteoporosis International | Year: 2013

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and systemic glucocorticoid exposure are well-known risk factors of osteoporosis. We evaluated alendronate prescription practices related to COPD and exposure to systemic corticosteroids from 1996 to 2008 and showed an increasing targeting of alendronate treatment in patients with COPD and patients with systemic corticosteroid exposure. Introduction: COPD and systemic glucocorticoid exposure are well-known risk factors of osteoporosis and fragility fracture, but osteoporosis is often underdiagnosed and undertreated in these patients. This study aims to evaluate alendronate prescription practices related to COPD and/or to exposure to systemic glucocorticoids among Danish women. Methods: A total of 388,314 female subjects >50 years old, 64,719 of whom initiated treatment with alendronate, and 323,595 age- and gender-matched controls were retrospectively identified between 1996 and 2008 from national health registers. Multivariate logistic regression was used for examining prescription practices, specifically if these risk factors (COPD or glucocorticoid exposure) increased or decreased the likelihood of beginning alendronate therapy. Results: A diagnosis of COPD was associated with an increased likelihood of using alendronate (odds ratio (OR) 1.4, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.4-1.5, p < 0.001). Further, a diagnosis of COPD was associated with an increasing tendency of initiating alendronate treatment in the study period (OR 1.3 (95 % CI 1.1-1.5, years 1996-1999) to 1.5 (95 % CI 1.4-1.6, years 2006-2008), p < 0.01). Exposure to systemic glucocorticoids was associated with a significantly increasing (OR 3.6, 95 % CI 3.3-3.9 to OR 5.5, 95 % CI 5.3-5.8) probability of receiving alendronate treatment in the same observation period. Conclusion: This nationwide register-based study on alendronate prescription practices in Denmark shows an increasing targeting of alendronate treatment in patients with COPD and an even stronger trend for patients with systemic glucocorticoid exposure, perhaps indicating increased awareness of well-known and associated conditions. © 2012 International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation.

Eiken P.,Nephrology and Endocrinology | Eiken P.,Copenhagen University | Vestergaard P.,University of Aalborg
Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease | Year: 2015

Bisphosphonates (BPs) are widely used as the main treatment for osteoporosis. In vitro and animal studies suggest that use of BPs may have a potential for colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention. Safety and efficacy in terms of osteoporosis prevention have only been evaluated in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of relatively short duration (3–5 years), with smaller extension studies. The evidence for a benefit beyond 5 years is limited and intake of BPs has not shown any relationship with CRC in intervention studies. Observational studies and meta-analysis have shown unchanged or decreased risk of CRC. BPs used for treatment and prevention of osteoporosis should not be applied for prevention of CRC in clinical practice. © 2015, The Author(s), 2015.

Gjesing A.,Gentofte University Hospital | Schou M.,Copenhagen University | Torp-Pedersen C.,University of Aalborg | Kober L.,Copenhagen University | And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Heart Failure | Year: 2013

AimsUndertreatment with evidence-based pharmacotherapy for heart failure (HF) is an important problem, and it has been suggested that specialized HF clinics (HFCs) can improve treatment initiation and correct dosing. The objective of this study was to examine long-term adherence to and dosages of evidence-based pharmacotherapy during and after participation in specialized HFCs.Methods and resultsInitiation, dosages, and adherence were studied in patients with systolic HF attending HFCs in Denmark from 2002 to 2009. Information was obtained from an electronic patient file and research database used in the HFCs combined with prescription data from the Danish Registry of Medicinal Product Statistics. A total of 8792 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 68 years; with a mean LVEF of 30%, and 72% were males. Long-term adherence to treatment was high for the patients who initiated renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors and beta-blockers. Adherence after 1 year was 93% for RAS inhibitors, 92% for beta-blockers, and 86% for spironolactone. After 3 years, it was 90% for RAS inhibitors, 88% for beta-blockers, and 74% for spironolactone. For patients referred back to their general practitioner (GP), adherence 1 year after they left the HFC was 89% for RAS inhibitors, 89% for beta-blockers, and 72% for spironolactone.ConclusionIn specialized outpatient HFCs, long-term adherence to RAS inhibitors and beta-blockers is close to optimal. Importantly, adherence was maintained after patients were referred back to their GP for continued management. This is likely to provide long-term benefits for the patients. All rights reserved. © 2013 The Author.

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