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Bokemeyer C.,University of Hamburg | Stein A.,University of Hamburg | Ridwelski K.,Stadtisches Klinikum Magdeburg | Atanackovic D.,University of Hamburg | And 6 more authors.
Gastric Cancer | Year: 2015

Background: Postoperative relapse rate after gastrectomy and perioperative chemotherapy remain high in patients with advanced gastric cancer due to the spread of disseminated tumour cells in the peritoneal cavity. Perioperative administration of catumaxomab could potentially eliminate residual tumour cells after intended curative resection of the primary tumour. Methods: This open-label, phase II study investigated the safety and efficacy of catumaxomab following neoadjuvant chemotherapy and subsequent surgery in patients with resectable (T2–4, N+, M0) gastric adenocarcinoma. Patients received catumaxomab intra- (single 10 μg dose) and postoperatively (10, 20, 50 and 150 μg on days 7, 10, 13 and 16, respectively). The primary endpoint was the postoperative complication rate (maximum rate defined as <62 %) within 30 days after surgery in patients who received at least the first catumaxomab dose. Results: Of 64 patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 58 underwent surgery and 54 received at least the first catumaxomab dose. Postoperative complications were reported in 18 of 54 evaluable patients (complication rate 33 %; 95 % confidence interval: 21–48 %); thus, the primary endpoint was met. The most frequent complications were pulmonary infection (17 %) and anastomosis insufficiency requiring surgery (11 %). The most common catumaxomab-related adverse events were pyrexia (67 %), leucocytosis (19 %), abdominal pain (17 %) and chills (17 %). The 4-year disease-free and overall survival rates were 38 and 50 %. Conclusion: Intra- and postoperative administration of catumaxomab as part of a multimodal treatment approach was feasible and tolerable in patients with advanced gastric cancer and should be further investigated in a randomised trial. © 2014, The International Gastric Cancer Association and The Japanese Gastric Cancer Association.


Heiss M.M.,Witten/Herdecke University | Strohlein M.A.,Witten/Herdecke University | Bokemeyer C.,University of Hamburg | Arnold D.,University of Hamburg | And 5 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2014

Purpose: We report the role of relative lymphocyte count (RLC) as a potential biomarker with prognostic impact for catumaxomab efficacy and overall survival (OS) based on a post hoc analysis of the pivotal phase II/III study of intraperitoneal catumaxomab treatment of malignant ascites. Experimental Design: The impact of treatment and RLC on OS was evaluated using multivariate Cox models. Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests were used for group comparisons. Survival analyses were performed on the safety population [patients with paracentesis plus ≥1 dose of catumaxomab (n = 157) and paracentesis alone (n = 88)]. Determination of the optimal cutoff value for RLC was based on five optimality criteria. Results: OS was significantly longer with catumaxomab versus paracentesis alone (P = 0.0219). The 6-month OS rate with catumaxomab was 28.9% versus 6.7% with paracentesis alone. RLC had a positive impact on OS and was an independent prognostic factor (P < 0.0001). In patients with RLC > 13% (n = 159: catumaxomab, 100 and control, 59), catumaxomab was associated with a favorable effect on OS versus paracentesis alone (P = 0.0072), with a median/mean OS benefit of 41/131 days and an increased 6-month survival rate of 37.0% versus 5.2%, respectively. In patients with RLC ≤ 13% at screening (n = 74: catumaxomab, 50 and control, 24), the median (mean) OS difference between the catumaxomab and the control group was 3 (16) days, respectively (P = 0.2561). Conclusions: OS was significantly improved after catumaxomab treatment in patients with malignant ascites. An RLC > 13% at baseline was a significant prognostic biomarker. ©2014 AACR.


Sehouli J.,Ovarian Cancer Study Group of the North Eastern German Society of Gynaecological Oncology NOGGO | Sehouli J.,Charite University Hospital | Reinthaller A.,Medical University of Vienna | Marth C.,Innsbruck Medical University | And 6 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2014

Background: This is the first study investigating the safety and efficacy of the trifunctional antibody catumaxomab administered i.p. at the end of cytoreductive surgery and postoperatively prior to standard chemotherapy in patients with primary epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).Methods: Patients received i.p. catumaxomab 10 μg intraoperatively and 10, 20, 50 and 150 μg on days 7, 10, 13 and 16, respectively, postoperatively. After the study, patients received standard chemotherapy and were followed for 23 months. The primary endpoint was the rate of postoperative complications.Results: Forty-one patients entered the study and were evaluable for safety and 34 were alive at 24 months. Complete tumour resection rate was 68%. Postoperative complications were observed in 51%, the most common anastomotic leakage (7%) and wound infections (5%). The most common catumaxomab-related adverse events were abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and pyrexia. Thirty-nine percent discontinued catumaxomab therapy, and 98% received chemotherapy post study. Kaplan-Meier estimates of disease-free and overall survival after 24 months were 56% and 85%, respectively.Conclusions: Intra- and close postoperative catumaxomab seems feasible, but efficacy and safety were limited by postsurgical complications. In the future prospective trials are needed to investigate the best schedule of integration of catumaxomab into current treatment strategies for EOC. © 2014 Cancer Research UK. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Weizmann Institute of Science, Neovii formerly Fresenius Biotech GmbH and University of Hamburg
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016

Multiple myeloma is still incurable in most cases. Polyclonal anti T lymphocyte globulins (ATG) have been reported to kill human myeloma cells in vitro and in mouse models.Anti-human-myeloma globulins (AMG) were produced by immunizing rabbits with human myeloma cell lines RPMI-8226 (AMG-8226) or KMS-12-BM (AMG-12-BM). Cytotoxicity of the polyclonal antibodies was analyzed in vitro and in a xenograft NOD-SCID mouse model.Both AMG had stronger cytotoxicity against myeloma cells compared to ATG. In primary T cells, AMG-8226 showed greater complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) than ATG, whereas complement-independent cytotoxicity did not differ. Effects on non-hematopoietic cell lines were also similar. Competitive blocking assays revealed fourfold more antibodies against CD38 in AMG-8226 compared to ATG. Low concentrations of AMG-8226 and ATG increased ADCC. At higher concentrations, ATG inhibited ADCC more potently than AMG-8226. Combinations of ATG and AMG-8226 with melphalan or bortezomib showed additive to synergistic cytotoxicity on myeloma cells. The cytotoxic effects of AMG and ATG were confirmed in the xenograft NOD-SCID mouse model.Our data show more potent antimyeloma effects of AMG compared to ATG. These results lay the ground for the development of polyclonal antibodies for the treatment of multiple myeloma.

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