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Iacobelli S.,Center Detudes Perinatales Of Locean Indien | Viaud M.,Neonatologie | Lapillonne A.,APHP Necker Enfants Malades Hospital | Lapillonne A.,University of Paris Descartes | And 42 more authors.
BMC Pediatrics | Year: 2015

Background: The nutritional care provided to moderately premature babies is poorly studied. For a large cohort of such babies, we aimed to describe: nutrition practice intentions, comparison of the intended with the actual practice, compliance of actual practice to current nutrition guidelines, and postnatal growth. Methods: A questionnaire was sent out to 29 neonatal intensive care units in France, in order to address practice intentions. In the same units, retrospective patient's data were collected to assess actual practice, compliance to nutrition guidelines and infant postnatal growth. The cumulative nutritional deficit during the two first weeks of life was calculated and variables associated with δZ-score for weight at 36 weeks postconceptional age/discharge (δZ-scorew 36PCA/DC) were analysed by multivariate linear regression. Results: 276 infants born 30 to 33 weeks of gestation were studied. Among them, 76 % received parenteral nutrition on central venous line after birth. On day of life 1 (DOL1), 93 % of infants had parenteral amino acids (AA), at an intake ≥ 1.5 g/kg in 27 % of cases. Lipids were started at ≤ DOL2 in 47 % of infants. There was a divergence between the intended and the actual practice for both AA and lipids intake. The AA and energy cumulative deficit (DOL1 to DOL14) were respectively 10.9 ± 8.3 g/kg and 483 ± 181 kcal/kg. Weight Z-score (mean ± SD) significantly decreased from birth (-0.17 ± 0.88) to 36 weeks PCA/DC (-1.00 ± 0.82) (p < 0.0001), and the extra-uterine growth retardation (EUGR) rate at 36 weeks PCA/DC was 24.2 %. Independent variables associated with δZ-scorew 36PCA/DC were AA cumulative intake and DOL of full enteral feeding. Conclusions: Nutrition intake was not in compliance with recommendations, and the rate of EUGR was considerable in this cohort. Efforts are needed to improve adherence to nutrition guidelines and growth outcome of moderately preterm infants. © 2015 Iacobelli et al.

Iacobelli S.,Neonatologie | Iacobelli S.,Center Detudes Perinatales Of Locean Indien | Bonsante F.,Neonatologie | Bonsante F.,Center Detudes Perinatales Of Locean Indien | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Objective:We aimed to investigate the predictive value for severe adverse outcome of plasma protein measurements on day one of life in very preterm infants and to compare total plasma protein levels with the validated illness severity scores CRIB, CRIB-II, SNAP-II and SNAPPE-II, regarding their predictive ability for severe adverse outcome.Methods:We analyzed a cohort of infants born at 24-31 weeks gestation, admitted to the tertiary intensive care unit of a university hospital over 10.5 years. The outcome measure was "severe adverse outcome" defined as death before discharge or severe neurological injury on cranial ultrasound. The adjusted odd ratio (aOR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of severe adverse outcome for hypoproteinemia (total plasma protein level <40 g/L) was calculated by univariate and multivariate analyses. Calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit) was performed and the predictive ability for severe adverse outcome was assessed for total plasma protein and compared with CRIB, CRIB-II, SNAP-II and SNAPPE-II, by calculating receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and their associated area under the curve (AUC).Results:761 infants were studied: 14.4% died and 4.1% survived with severe cerebral ultrasound findings. The aOR of severe adverse outcome for hypoproteinemia was 6.1 (95% CI 3.8-9.9). The rank order for variables, as assessed by AUCs and 95% CIs, in predicting outcome was: total plasma protein [0.849 (0.821-0.873)], SNAPPE-II [0.822 (0.792-0.848)], CRIB [0.821 (0.792-0.848)], SNAP-II [0.810 (0.780-0.837)] and CRIB-II [0.803 (0.772-0.830)]. Total plasma protein predicted severe adverse outcome significantly better than CRIB-II and SNAP-II (both p<0.05). Calibration for total plasma protein was very good.Conclusions:Early hypoproteinemia has prognostic value for severe adverse outcome in very preterm, sick infants. Total plasma protein has a predictive performance comparable with CRIB and SNAPPE-II and greater than other validated severity scores. © 2013 Iacobelli et al.

Campeotto F.,University of Paris Descartes | Suau A.,French National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts | Kapel N.,University of Paris Descartes | Magne F.,French National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts | And 8 more authors.
British Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2011

Intestinal bacterial colonisation in pre-term infants is delayed compared with full-term infants, leading to an increased risk of gastrointestinal disease. Modulation of colonisation through dietary supplementation with probiotics or prebiotics could decrease such a risk. The present study evaluated clinical tolerance, the effects on gut microbiota, and inflammatory and immunological mucosal responses to an infant formula adapted for pre-term infants that included in its manufacturing process a fermentation step with two probiotic strains, Bifidobacterium breve C50 and Streptococcus thermophilus 065, inactivated by heat at the end of the process. A total of fifty-eight infants (gestational age: 30-35 weeks), fed either the fermented pre-term formula or a standard pre-term formula, were followed up during their hospital stay. Clinical tolerance, faecal microbiota using a culture and a culture-independent method (temporal temperature gel electrophoresis), faecal calprotectin and secretory IgA were analysed weekly. No difference was observed regarding anthropometric data and digestive tolerance, except for abdominal distension, the incidence of which was lower in infants fed the fermented formula for 2 weeks. Bacterial colonisation was not modified by the type of feeding, particularly for bifidobacteria. Faecal calprotectin was significantly lower in infants fed the fermented formula for 2 weeks, and secretory IgA increased with both mother's milk and the fermented formula. The fermented formula was well tolerated and did not significantly modulate the bacterial colonisation but had benefits on inflammatory and immune markers, which might be related to some features of gastrointestinal tolerance. © 2011 The Authors.

Voigt M.,Deutsches Zentrum fur Wachstum | Olbertz D.,Neonatologie des Klinikums Sudstadt | Schneider K.T.M.,TU Munich | Wittwer-Backofen U.,Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg | And 2 more authors.
Zeitschrift fur Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie | Year: 2013

This study examines the quantitative changes in the somatic classification according to birth weight and duration of pregnancy of German neonates when maternal height is considered (5 maternal height groups). Our calculations were performed using data of 319 884 girls born in 2010. Overall, about 6% (18 792 girls) are classified differently (more appropriately) when group-specific norm values were used. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart, New York.

Laux R.,Neonatologie | Wirtz S.,Anasthesiologie und operative Intensivmedizin | Huggett S.,MEDILYS Laborgesellschaft mbH | Ilchmann C.,MEDILYS Laborgesellschaft mbH
Zeitschrift fur Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie | Year: 2013

Background: There is an increase in nosocomial contamination and infection with multi-resistant bacteria among NICU patients. In 2011 we had to deal with an outbreak from multi-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in our NICU. Analysing the situation, we found 3 different clonal tribes. We presume that there are different sources for the contamination with multiresistant Gram-negative pathogens (MRGN) and we suspect that parents of NICU children may be of some importance. We studied in a one-year setting whether the incidence of nosocomial contaminations and infections may be prevented in a setting of barrier nursing and surveillance of the NICU patients and their parents. Our study was prospective and justified by a vote of support from the ethics committee of the 'Hamburger Ärztekammer' as well as additional funding from the Asklepios-Hamburg Pro-Research for the laboratory expenses. Material and Methods: In a one-year study we undertook a programme of barrier nursing for all children admitted to our NICU with bacteriological surveillance on their entry into the NICU for children and their parents with anal and pharyngeal-nasal swabs. As long as there were no results, barrier-nursing for the children, their parents and staff was maintained. Where negative results were found, barrier-nursing was interrupted and children were nursed under normal hygienic conditions. Surveillance cultures from the children were taken once a week until being released. In cases of detection of MRGN bacteria, barrier-nursing was implemented together with room isolation. Results: We detected 23 families carrying MRGN bacteria pre-existent before hospitalisation. In cases of MRGN findings, barrier-nursing and room isolation were maintained. Under these circumstances, there were 6 cases of contamination of NICU children, 4 after vaginal delivery and secondary admittance in the NICU. The circumstances for the 2 others are discussed. Conclusion: Parents are an important source for MRGN bacteria in the NICU. The early detection of those carriers is important for the avoidance of outbreaks in an NICU. In most cases, contamination and infection can be prevented. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart - New York.

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