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Dessi A.,University of Cagliari | Marincola F.C.,University of Cagliari | Pattumelli M.G.,Neonatal Intensive Unit and Neonatal Pathology | Ciccarelli S.,Neonatal Intensive Unit and Neonatal Pathology | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine | Year: 2014

1H-NMR spectroscopy coupled with multivariate statistical analysis was used for the first time to compare the urinary NMR metabolic profiles of neonates with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and large for gestational age (LGA). For the sake of comparison, infants who were adequate for gestational age (AGA) were also analyzed. Pattern recognition methods, including Principal Component Analyses (PCA), Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) and Orthogonal Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (OPLS-DA), were used to analyze NMR data. Clear differences among the metabolic profiles of AGA, IUGR and LGA were observed. The main metabolites responsible for these differentiations were identified as myo-inositol, creatinine, creatine, citrate, urea and glycine. In particular, among these, myo-inositol may be a potential biomarker of an altered glucose metabolism during fetal development both in IUGR and LGA. This study highlights the applicability of NMR-based metabolomics for improving the understanding of the relations among nutrition, integrated metabolism and health in neonatology. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd. Source

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