Bae S.M.,National Institute of Health |
Lee J.H.,National Institute of Health |
Lee S.K.,National Institute of Health |
Yu J.Y.,National Institute of Health |
And 2 more authors.
Epidemiology and Infection | Year: 2013
This study investigated the carriage of antimicrobial resistant Haemophilus influenzae in 582 healthy children attending kindergarten or elementary school at four intervals over a 9-month period in Seoul, Korea. Diverse colonization patterns and a lower level of long-term persistent carriage by H. influenzae status were evident in this study. Colonizing H. influenzae isolates showed a high rate of resistance to β-lactams including ampicillin (51·9%), cefaclor (52·1%), and amoxicillin/clavulanate (16·3%). Based on the ampicillin resistance mechanism, H. influenzae isolates were categorized as β-lactamase-negative, ampicillin-susceptible (BLNAS) (48·1%), β-lactamase-positive, ampicillin-resistant (BLPAR) (22·6%), β-lactamase-negative, ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) (22·8%), and β-lactamase-positive, amoxicillin/clavulanate-resistant (BLPACR) strains (6·5%). This study provides the first evidence of a high prevalence (22·8%) of BLNAR strains of H. influenzae nasal carriage in healthy children attending kindergarten or the first 2 years of elementary school in Korea. The high carriage of these resistant strains in overcrowded urban settings may create reservoirs for development of H. influenzae-resistant strains. © 2012 Cambridge University Press.
Bae S.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
Yu J.-Y.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
Lee K.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
Lee S.,NeoDin Medical Institute |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Medical Microbiology | Year: 2012
A longitudinal analysis was carried out of the colonization by four potential respiratory pathogens - Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis and Staphylococcus aureus - in 165 healthy children (aged 3-7 years) attending three kindergartens and 417 healthy children (aged 7-10 years) attending an elementary school in Seoul, Korea, by four consecutive examinations over 1 year. The prevalence of nasal carriers of one or more of four bacteria was found to be higher in younger children (≤ 7 years) (mean 68.6%) than that in older children (mean 46.8%). The mean rates of nasal carriage of Strep. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, M. catarrhalis and Staph. aureus were 16.8, 18.9, 20.2 and 18.2%, respectively. Colonization by Strep. pneumoniae, H. influenzae and M. catarrhalis was higher in pre-school children (28.6, 32.4 and 35.0 %, respectively) than in school children (12.2, 13.6 and 14.3%, respectively). Carriage trends differed with age, with Strep. pneumoniae, H. influenzae and M. catarrhalis colonization decreasing with age but Staph. aureus colonization increasing. Positive associations of co-occurrence between Strep. pneumoniae, H. influenzae and M. catarrhalis were evident, with a significant negative association evident between Staph. aureus and the other three bacteria. A better understanding of the colonization and interaction of potential respiratory pathogens may be important for predicting changes in bacterial ecology and for designing control strategies that target bacterial colonization in upper respiratory tract infections. © 2012 SGM.
Yoon Y.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
Jeong H.S.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
Yun H.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
Lee H.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention |
And 5 more authors.
BMC Infectious Diseases | Year: 2014
Background: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an emerging pathogen associated with endemic and acute viral hepatitis. In this study, we investigate the HEV seroprevalence and putative risk factors by a nationwide cross-sectional study in the Republic of Korea.Methods: The prevalence of anti-HEV antibody was investigated in 2,450 serum samples collected in fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. In addition, epidemiological information on possible risk factors including gender, age, education, occupation, and residence location for exposure to HEV was obtained.Results: The frequency of anti-EIA reactive sample was 5.9% (144/2450). The individuals in groups with male, older age, low education level and living in rural or coastal regions had high seroprevalence estimates (P ≤ 0.001). In addition, seroprevalence was significantly higher among individuals with self-identified skilled agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers (31.3%, P < 0.001).Conclusions: This study provides valuable data that could be used to investigate associations of HEV seroprevalence and putative risk factors by a nationwide cross-sectional study. The high HEV seroprevalence of skilled agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers and individuals lived in coastal and rural area indicated that zoonotic transmission is an important risk factor for HEV infection in the republic of Korea. Further studies that include detailed and continuous nationwide surveys are required to identify unrecognized risk factors and to monitor the HEV infection prevalence. © 2014 Yoon et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Bae S.,National Institute of Health |
Lee J.,National Institute of Health |
Kim E.,National Institute of Health |
Lee S.,NeoDin Medical Institute |
And 2 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2010
Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and β-lactam resistance mechanisms of 544 Haemophilus influenzae isolates through the nationwide Acute Respiratory Infections Surveillance (ARIS) network in Korea during 2005 and 2006 were determined. Resistance to ampicillin was 58.5%, followed by resistance to cefuroxime (23.3%), clarithromycin (18.7%), cefaclor (17.0%), amoxicillin-clavulanate (10.4%), and chloramphenicol (8.1%). Levofloxacin and cefotaxime were the most active agents tested in this study. β-Lactamase production (52.4%) was the main mechanism of ampicillin resistance, affecting 96.1% of TEM-1-type β-lactamase. According to their β-lactam resistance mechanisms, all isolates were classified into the following groups: β-lactamase-negative, ampicillin-sensitive (BLNAS) strains (n = 224; 41.5%); β-lactamase-positive, ampicillin-resistant (BLPAR) strains (n = 255; 47.2%); β-lactamase-negative, ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) strains (n = 33; 6.1%); and β-lactamase-positive, amoxicillin-clavulanate-resistant (BLPACR) strains (n = 28; 5.2%). Among the BLNAR and BLPACR strains, there were various patterns of multiple-amino-acid substitutions in penicillin-binding protein 3. Particularly, among BLNAR, group III isolates, which had three simultaneous substitutions (Met377Ile, Ser385Thr, and Leu389Phe), were identified for the first time in Korea. Three group III strains displayed the highest MIC of cefotaxime (1 to 2 μg/ml). The results indicate the importance of monitoring a changing situation pertaining to the increase and spread of BLNAR and BLPACR strains of H. influenzae for appropriate antibiotic therapy for patients with respiratory tract infections in Korea. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Kasahara K.,Nara Medical University |
Kasahara K.,University of Pennsylvania |
Baltus A.J.,University of Pennsylvania |
Lee S.-H.,University of Pennsylvania |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2010
A total of 1,991 group B streptococcus (GBS) isolates, collected in 2008 and 2009, were tested for non-penicillin susceptibility by broth microdilution, disk testing, and oxacillin screening agar. No GBS isolates were non-penicillin susceptible. Oxacillin and ceftizoxime disk testing results showed that proposed screening criteria are nonspecific. The oxacillin screening agar was specific but of unknown sensitivity. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Lee S.,Ewha Womans University |
Lee K.A.,University of Ulsan |
Choi G.Y.,University of Seoul |
Desai M.,University of California at Los Angeles |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine | Year: 2013
Objective: We investigated the effects of fetal undernutrition during pregnancy/lactation on visceral fat, lipid profiles, leptin and adiponectin, and examined the gender differences between males and females. Study design: From 10d to term gestation and through lactation, control pregnant rats were fed ad libitum (AdLib) food, whereas study rats were 50% food restricted (FR). Cross-fostering techniques were used to examine the effects of FR during pregnancy and lactation periods. Lipid profiles, leptin and adiponectin were determined in offspring at ages 3 weeks and 6 months. We also measured the amount of visceral fat in the offspring. Results: The amount of visceral fat in the 6-month-old FR/AdLib offspring was higher than that in the control (p<0.05). Among the 6-month-old offspring, triglyceride and leptin levels were higher in FR/AdLib offspring than those in the controls (p<0.05). The female offspring had higher levels of triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, and adiponectin and the male offspring had higher levels of LDL cholesterol and leptin. Conclusion: Fetal undernutrition only during pregnancy resulted in obese offspring, higher levels of plasma triglyceride and leptin with gender differences. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved.
PubMed | University of California at Los Angeles, Korea University, Konkuk University and Neodin Medical Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinical and experimental otorhinolaryngology | Year: 2015
To evaluate the association between catecholamine levels and skin prick test results among children.Two hundred eight first grade children from one elementary school were invited to participate in this study. Skin prick test (SPT) for six allergens (2 house dust mites, cat, dog, mugwort, and pollen mixture) was performed, and patient demographic information was recorded. The parents were surveyed using questionnaires about rhinitis-related symptoms. Finally, venous blood sampling was done to measure catecholamine levels (epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine) by high-performance liquid chromatography.Out of 208 children, 174 (106 boys and 68 girls) enrolled in this study. Ninety-six of the children (55%) had negative SPT (nonsensitization group), while 78 (45%) had a positive SPT to at least one of six allergens (sensitization group). The diagnosis of chronic rhinitis was more prevalent in the sensitization group (35.9%) than nonsensitization group (26.0%), however the finding was not significant (P=0.186). Epinephrine levels were decreased between the sensitization group compared to the nonsensitization group (P=0.004). There was no difference in norepinephrine and dopamine levels (P>0.05).Epinephrine levels are lower in children with positive SPT compared to controls, however, the level of the catecholamine was not associated with the presence or absence of rhinitis symptoms.
Performance of the Vitek MS matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry system for identification of Gram-positive cocci routinely isolated in clinical microbiology laboratories
Moon H.-W.,Konkuk University |
Lee S.H.,Neodin Medical Institute |
Chung H.-S.,Ewha Womans University |
Lee M.,Ewha Womans University |
Lee K.,Yonsei University
Journal of Medical Microbiology | Year: 2013
We evaluated the performance of the Vitek MS for identification of Gram-positive cocci routinely isolated in clinical microbiology laboratories. With a total of 424 well-characterized isolates, the results of the Vitek MS were compared to those of conventional methods and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The Vitek MS correctly identified 97.9% of the isolates tested to species level. The Vitek MS correctly identified the species of 97.2% of the staphylococci (95.9% of coagulasenegative staphylococci), 97.8% of the streptococci, and 100% of the enterococci. For the identification of Gram-positive cocci isolates, the overall concordance rate between conventional identification and the Vitek MS was 94.5 %. The Vitek MS matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) system can be a reliable and rapid method for the identification of most relevant Gram-positive cocci. In addition, expanding the database of the Vitek MS, especially for coagulase-negative staphylococci, is needed to enhance the performance of the Vitek MS. © 2013 SGM.
Oh S.-I.,Korea University |
Lee C.K.,Korea University |
Cho K.J.,Korea University |
Lee K.-O.,NeoDIN Medical Institute |
And 2 more authors.
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2012
Reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) is achieved by viral-mediated transduction of defined transcription factors. Generation of iPSCs is of great medical interest as they have the potential to be a source of patient-specific cells. For the eventual goal of clinical application, it is necessary to overcome the limitations of low reprogramming efficiency and chromosomal abnormalities due to viral DNA integration. In this paper, we summarize the current state of reprogramming technology for generation of iPSCs and also discuss potential approaches to the development of safe iPSCs for personalized cell-based replacement therapy. © 2012 Seung-Ick Oh et al.
PubMed | Dankook University and Neodin Medical Institute
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Korean journal of pediatrics | Year: 2016
Pediatric epilepsy can be caused by various conditions, including specific syndromes. 1p36 deletion syndrome is reported in 1 in 5,000-10,000 newborns, and its characteristic clinical features include developmental delay, mental retardation, hypotonia, congenital heart defects, seizure, and facial dysmorphism. However, detection of the terminal deletion in chromosome 1p by conventional G-banded karyotyping is difficult. Here we present a case of epilepsy with profound developmental delay and characteristic phenotypes. A 7-year- and 6-month-old boy experienced afebrile generalized seizure at the age of 5 years and 3 months. He had recurrent febrile seizures since 12 months of age and showed severe global developmental delay, remarkable hypotonia, short stature, and dysmorphic features such as microcephaly; small, low-set ears; dark, straight eyebrows; deep-set eyes; flat nasal bridge; midface hypoplasia; and a small, pointed chin. Previous diagnostic work-up, including conventional chromosomal analysis, revealed no definite causes. However, array-comparative genomic hybridization analysis revealed 1p36 deletion syndrome with a 9.15-Mb copy loss of the 1p36.33-1p36.22 region, and fluorescence