Nefromed Dialysis Center

Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Nefromed Dialysis Center

Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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Moldovan D.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | Kacso I.M.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | Rusu C.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | Potra A.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | And 5 more authors.
Biomarkers | Year: 2015

Aim: To assess the osteoprotegerin (OPG) relationship with cardiovascular complications in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: The study included 87 HD patients. Clinical characteristics, ankle-arm index (AAI), OPG and mineral markers levels were recorded. Arterial intimal calcification (AIC) and arterial medial calcification (AMC) were registered. Results: OPG levels were increased in HD patients. Patients with AIC (p=0.006)/AMC (p=0.01) had higher OPG levels. OPG did not have any relation with cardiovascular diseases. OPG correlated positively with age, increased HD vintage and inversely with albumin and AAI. OPG has not been a risk factor for VC or cardiovascular disease. Conclusion: OPG rising could be a reaction in defense to vascular aggression, because OPG was associated with VC, but not with vascular disease. © 2015 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved.


Moldovan D.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | Moldovan I.,Military Hospital | Rusu C.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | Kacso I.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | And 2 more authors.
International Urology and Nephrology | Year: 2014

Introduction: Chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients have bad prognosis and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) represent their main threatening complication. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF-23) has been associated with all kinds of evil consequences, including cardiovascular morbidity, but some studies demonstrated the contrary. Therefore, it is important to know whether FGF-23 is associated with cardiovascular risk or protection. The purpose of this study was to assess the links between FGF-23 and intimal vascular calcification (VC) and with the presence of CVD in chronic HD patients. Patients and methods: This study was carried out on a cohort of randomly selected 88 prevalent HD patients. We recorded demographical, clinical, and biochemical data, including FGF-23. VC was evaluated on carotid ultrasound. CVD were registered. Results: The mean age was 59.68 ± 14.49 years, HD vintage was 59.61 ± 52.39 months, and 20 patients were diabetic (22.72 %). VC was present in 54 patients (61.4 %) and 25 patients (28.4 %) had CVD. FGF-23 correlated positively with HD vintage (r = 0.37; p < 0.001) and iPTH (r = 0.21; p = 0.048). FGF-23 did not correlate with VC score. Patients with CVD were older (p = 0.006), had lower FGF-23 (p = 0.008), higher VC score (p = 0.009), lower Hb (p = 0.008), albumin (p = 0.003), and creatinine (p = 0.03). Low FGF-23 was identified as a risk factor for CVD. Conclusion: We report on a novel association between low FGF23 and CVD in chronic HD patients and a lack of correlation of FGF-23 with VC. FGF-23 could play a role in cardiovascular protection that remains to be confirmed in larger studies. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Moldovan D.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | Moldovan I.,Emergency Military Hospital | Rusu C.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | Racasan S.,Nefromed Dialysis Center | And 7 more authors.
International Urology and Nephrology | Year: 2011

Introduction Vascular calcifications (VCs) and renal osteodystrophy (ROD) are frequently seen together and represent the major causes of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Some studies suggest a pathogenic link between them, but there is no consensus as yet regarding this issue. The main objective of our study was to establish whether there is any relation between VCs and ROD in our HD patients. We evaluated the prevalence of VCs and ROD and the relationship between VCs and some clinical and biochemical characteristics of HD patients. Methods We examined radiological signs of VCs and RODon hands and pelvis bone radiographs in 81 chronic HD patients, and we calculated a VC score on this basis. Results We found a significant relation between radiological signs of ROD and those of VC (P = 0.019). The patients with ROD had a higher mean VC score (P = 0.02). By linear regression, the VC score correlated directly with serum calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and CaxP product and inversely with serum albumin. The logistic regression model revealed that ROD, male gender and treatment with calcium salts were predictive of VCs development. There were no associations between VCs and age, HD vintage, diabetes, dialysate Ca concentration, vitamin D treatment, spKt/V, URR and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Conclusion There seems to be a pathogenetic link between bone and artery diseases in chronic HD patients. Both VCs and ROD have a high prevalence. ROD, male gender and treatment with calcium salts are risk factors for VCs. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, B.V.


Moldovan D.,Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara | Rusu C.,Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara | Patiu I.,Nefromed Dialysis Center | Racasan S.,Nefromed Dialysis Center | And 5 more authors.
Acta Endocrinologica | Year: 2010

Background. Vascular calcifications (VCs) represent an important complication in dialysis patients. It is still a subject of debate whether VCs are associated with low or high intact parathormone (iPTH), or if it is not any relation. The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive value of iPTH and other mineral markers for VCs development. Methods. The study evaluated peripheral VCs in haemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients using radiographies. We counted a semiquantitative score ranging from 0 to 8. Each category was divided into two groups according to VCs score. We assessed the relationship between the VCs score and mineral markers. Results. A VC score=2 was positively associated with male gender, serum Ca, P, CaxP, ALP and iPTH levels in HD patients. There was no correlation with age, HD vintage, received treatment. In PD patients, did CaxP have a higher significance with VC score>/2; were iPTH, CaxP and P of higher significance for a score=5. Conclusions. Hyperparathyroidism can be considered a predictor for VCs development in dialysis patients. Other risk factors are increased serum Ca, P, CaxP and ALP levels. In PD patients, high iPTH could predict VCs only for severe calcifications, but the CaxP could even predict for less extended VCs.


Rusu C.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | Racasan S.,Nefromed Dialysis Center | Moldovan D.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | Kacso I.M.,University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca | And 5 more authors.
Biomarkers | Year: 2016

Context: Soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40l) can predict cardiovascular events (CVE) and mortality in haemodialysis (HD) patients (short-, medium-term follow-up studies). Objective: To evaluate the relationship between sCD40l and survival, CVE and mortality in HD patients on long-term follow-up. Methods: We registered 46 HD patients’ baseline characteristics, mortality and CVE for 108 months. Results: SCD40l correlated positively with C-reactive protein, was higher in survivors, but had no impact on survival and was not predictive for CVE or CV mortality. Conclusion: The levels of sCD40l have no influence on survival or CVE and mortality in HD patients in a long-term follow-up. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group


PubMed | University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca and Nefromed Dialysis Center
Type: | Journal: International urology and nephrology | Year: 2016

Finding new, reliable biomarkers of cardiovascular risk in hemodialysis (HD) patients is of utmost importance. Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) has been recently associated with atherosclerosis in the general population. The relationship between markedly elevated FGF21 levels in HD patients and endothelial dysfunction is unknown. The aim of the study was to assess the determinants of FGF21, the correlation between FGF21 and tumor necrosis factor TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (sTWEAK) and the correlation between FGF21 and endothelial dysfunction in HD patients.A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in 70 HD patients (mean age 59.912.5years, 14.3% diabetes mellitus, 57.1% male) from Nefromed Dialysis Center Cluj. We registered clinical and biological data, and serum FGF21 levels were measured by ELISA. Endothelial function was evaluated by brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD). An analysis based on stratification of FGF21 values into quartiles was performed.FGF21 levels were directly correlated with sTWEAK, tricipital skinfold thickness (TST), systolic blood pressure (SBP), total cholesterol and triglycerides. In multivariate linear analysis, only sTWEAK and SBP remained significantly associated with FGF21. FGF21 values in the inferior quartile were directly correlated with HDL-cholesterol, while FGF21 values in the superior quartile were directly correlated with SBP, pulse pressure and sTWEAK. FMD was significantly higher in the inferior quartile as compared to the superior quartile.High FGF21 values in our patients are correlated with atherosclerosis risk factors: hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypertension, increased TST and increased levels of sTWEAK. Endothelial dysfunction is associated with high FGF21 in HD patients.


PubMed | Institute of Clinical Urology and Renal Transplantation, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca and Nefromed Dialysis Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International urology and nephrology | Year: 2015

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the most common cause of death in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Transmembrane proteins that circulate as soluble form such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) and CD163 have been proposed in previous studies as CVD biomarkers in chronic kidney disease patients. In HD patients, since studies are scarce, the role of these proteins is not completely understood. We tested the hypothesis that sTWEAK, sCD163 or sCD163/sTWEAK ratio could be associated with cardiovascular disease in HD patients.We recorded current clinical and biological data, and we measured sTWEAK and sCD163 serum levels by ELISA in 70 hemodialysis patients. Univariate analysis and multivariate (logistic regression) analysis were used to identify the relation between sTWEAK, sCD163 and sCD163/sTWEAK ratio and CVD.In univariate analysis, CVD in HD patients is associated with higher sCD163/sTWEAK ratio (p = 0.04), sCD163 (p = 0.07), CRP (p = 0.04), age (p = 0.07), smoking (p = 0.09) and vascular calcifications (p = 0.10). In multivariate analysis, only logarithm of sCD163/sTWEAK ratio (p = 0.04) and smoking (p = 0.03) was significantly associated with CVD. The levels of these molecules and their ratio were correlated with atherosclerosis risk factors: diabetes mellitus, high fasting glucose, tricipital skinfold thickness and CRP as well as (for sCD163/sTWEAK) intravenous iron therapy.Cardiovascular disease is associated with increased sCD163/sTWEAK ratio. To our knowledge, this is the first report about this relationship in HD patients.


PubMed | University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca and Nefromed Dialysis Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clujul medical (1957) | Year: 2016

Cardiovascular (CV) disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Kidney disease is associated with increased oxidative stress (OS), a nontraditional CV risk factor. Few studies evaluate the effect of OS markers on CV events (CVE) and survival in HD patients. The aim of this study is to examine potential determinants of OS markers and their predictive role on survival and CV morbidity and mortality in HD patients during a long-term follow-up (108 months).We conducted an analytical cross-sectional prospective observational study, carried on a cohort of randomly selected HD patients. We registered in 44 HD patients baseline characteristics, OS markers, mortality and CVE over a period of 108 months and we used statistical analysis (descriptive, Kaplan-Meier, univariate and multivariate Cox model) for interpretation.Bound malondialdehyde (bMDA) was positively correlated with serum calcium, protein carbonyls (PC) were inversely correlated with diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and directly correlated with ferritin, NOx was directly correlated with ceruloplasmin) and serum albumin. Of the measured OS markers only bMDA was related to survival (HR=3.29 95% CI (1.28-8.44), p=0.01), and approached statistical significance in the effect on CV mortality (HR=2.85 95% CI (0.88-9.22), p=0.07). None of the measured OS markers was associated with CVE.bMDA has a strong predictive value on survival in HD patients in a long-term follow-up (9 years). Its value is correlated with CV mortality but is not a predictor of CV events. Regular assessment of MDA in HD patients and the development of strategies aimed at reducing oxidative stress in these patients might be beneficial.


PubMed | University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca and Nefromed Dialysis Center
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: International urology and nephrology | Year: 2015

The life for end-stage renal disease patients has remarkably improved in the last years. Although mineral and bone disorders remain as unsolved complication, in severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT), the ultimate treatment is parathyroidectomy (PTX). It is an old treatment, but there are still insufficient data regarding survival after PTX. The study goals were to compare 2-year mortality and morbidity after PTX in surgically versus medically treated sHPT and to compare the efficacy and safety in subtotal versus total PTX in a cohort of patients receiving hemodialysis (HD).This prospective, longitudinal study was carried out on a cohort of chronic HD patients with severe sHPT (iPTH over 700 pg/ml). Among the overall HD population, 26 patients underwent PTX. This group was compared to a control group treated with specific drugs. Laboratory parameters, specific symptoms and mortality were registered after 24 months of follow-up for each group. The subgroups of subtotal and total PTX patients were also compared.All average values of mineral markers were significantly reduced after PTX, as a proof that surgical treatment was effective. The reduction in mineral markers and the improvement in symptoms and mortality rates were similar after total and subtotal PTX. Bone pain was significantly lower in patients after PTX than in those drug treated (p = 0.0005), but not muscle weakness and itching. Survival at 2 years was better in patients surgically treated (PTX) despite significantly higher mean baseline values of iPTH, Ca and ALP compared to patients medically treated (p = 0.03).We compared clinical and laboratory outcomes in HD patients with severe sHPT. Mortality, bone pain and mineral markers were improved by PTX. Total and subtotal PTX had similar clinical outcomes.


PubMed | University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca and Nefromed Dialysis Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Medical ultrasonography | Year: 2016

The main cause of death in hemodialysis (HD) patients is cardiovascular disease. Ultrasound assessment of the brachial artery dysfunction is easily achievable and can non-invasively detect atherosclerosis in various stages. In HD patients the cardiovascular risk profile is different and the determinants of brachial arterial function can be distinct comparing with general population. The aim of the study is to assess the determinants of arterial brachial function (flow-mediated and nitroglycerin-mediated dilation) evaluated by ultrasound in HD patients and their relation with tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (sTWEAK) described as atherosclerotic marker in chronic kidney disease patients.We conducted a cross-sectional observational study on 54 hemodialysis patients. We recorded clinical and biological data and we measured sTWEAK serum levels by ELISA. We evaluated the arterial brachial function by measurement of flow-mediated and nitroglycerin-mediated dilation, using B mode ultrasound.The determinants of flow-mediated dilation were: Kt/V (r=0.47, p<0.001), LDL-cholesterol (r=0.29, p=0.04), and total cholesterol (r=0.31, p=0.02). Flow-mediated dilation correlated with nitroglycerin-mediated dilation (r=0.70, p<0.001). In multivariate analysis kt/V was the only significant predictor for flow-mediated dilation (p=0.04). Nitroglycerin-mediated dilation correlates with sTWEAK (r=-0.30, p=0.03), systolic blood pressure (r=-0.28, p=0.04) and pulse pressure (r=-0.31, p=0.02). In multivariate analysis sTWEAK was the only significant predictor for nitroglycerin-mediated dilation (p=0.04).The main determinant of nitroglycerin-mediated dilation was sTWEAK. In addition, decreased nitroglycerin-mediated dilation was associated with higher systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure. The main determinant of FMD was Kt/V. Increased flow-mediated dilation was associated with better dialysis efficiency and high total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol.

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