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ARNHEM, Netherlands

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2013.3.2;SP1-JTI-FCH.2013.3.1 | Award Amount: 3.19M | Year: 2014

MATISSE is a 36-month project targeting to the delivery of PEMFC advanced cells and stacks for stationary applications. The project methodology will include assessment of stack incremented with new materials and processes developed during the project. The project will address three stack designs for each of the stationary conditions of operation of the fuel cell i.e. H2/O2, H2/air and reformate H2/air. MATISSE intends to achieve some objectives in term of stack robustness, lifetime, performance and cost. For this purpose, advanced materials solutions will be performed and validated as proof of concept for the manufacturability of cell and stack. New textured X-Y gradient electrodes will be optimized and manufactured taking into account the localized current density of electrode inside the cell during operation. Some localized areas of catalyst loading will be defined following the risk of electrode flooding part or of membrane drying. The new MEA should lead to an increase of durability of stack and reduction of degradation phenomenon. The manufacturability of cells and stack will be demonstrated with the electrode manufacturing using a continuous screen printing process and by the automatization of the membrane electrodes assembly step. Moreover, an automatized robot will be used to proceed at stack assembly allowing reaching a better mechanical stability under pressure and a better alignment of components. This work will allow reducing the cost so as to meet the market target allowing a large deployment of stationary PEMFC system. The technical-economic cost assessment will be carried out during the project in order to confirm the progression of MATISSE stack technology toward the objectives. MATISSE consortium is based on 3 industrial partners recognized at the international level for their activities in stationary application. 2 RTO centres play part in the project to develop and assess new innovative solutions on LT-PEMFC MEA and stacks technology.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2013.3.1 | Award Amount: 4.64M | Year: 2014

Simulation, Statistics and Experiments Coupled to develop Optimized aNd Durable CHP systems using ACcelerated Tests. Second act aims at improving understanding of stack degradation in order to propose solutions enabling significant lifetime improvements for CHP systems using PEMFC or DMFC technology. Project will be thus founded and focused on two efforts: degradation understanding and durability improvement. These efforts will be oriented towards existing systems available in the project thanks to the involvement of three industry partners willing to enhance lifetime and hence competiveness for market deployment. Degradation investigations will be based on lifetime tests information from existing field tests on these systems for relevant description of failure modes and related performance degradation; from stack and cells specific degradation/durability tests including validated accelerated stress tests emphasizing specific degradation or failure modes in cells and stacks. Understanding will be ensured by using expertise of research groups in different techniques such as: advanced in-situ local measurements to identify heterogeneities and local performance degradation; ex-situ investigations of components to identify mechanisms; statistical analyses to identify the impact of failure modes and to relate causes to performace losses; and modelling to simulate local performance and degradation in unit cell and stack. Durability improvement will be assessed thanks to the following methodology: exploitation of all degradation investigations for the proposal of components modifications; selection of most relevant solutions related to most critical degradation issues for their evaluation and demonstration of durability improvements; application of validated accelerated tests with improved components in unit cells or stacks tpo demonstrate improvement; and final achievement will be reached with the demonstration of significant measurable improvement at system level.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2013.3.5 | Award Amount: 10.52M | Year: 2015

The project DEMCOPEM-2MW is to design, construct and demonstrate an economical combined heat and power PEM fuel cell power plant (2 MW electrical power and 1.5 MW heat) and integration into a chlor-alkali (CA) production plant. A chlor-alkali production plant produces chlorine and caustic soda (lye) and high purity hydrogen. The hydrogen contains almost 45% of the energy that is consumed in the plant. In many cases this hydrogen is vented. The project will demonstrate the PEM Power Plant technology for converting the hydrogen into electricity, heat and water for use in the chlor-alkali production process, lowering its electricity consumption by 20%. The partners have relevant experience in long life high efficient PEM power plant systems in hazardous environments like a chlor-alkali plant. The PEM power plant will be fully integrated into the chlorine production unit and will also be remotely controlled. The water produced by the oxidation of hydrogen is also used. To reduce the (maintenance) cost of the integrated plant special emphasis is put on the longevity of the fuel cells (especially membranes, electrodes and catalyst) and to lower the manufacturing costs. The design is optimized for minimal energy loss. Extensive diagnostics and data acquisition are incorporated to monitor the performance. The demonstration will take place in China as this is the ideal starting point for the market introduction. High electricity prices (up to 2 times higher than in Europe), 50% of the chlor-alkali world production and rationing of electricity all contribute to the business case. A successful demonstration will pave the way for the roll out of the technology, staged cost efficiencies and further self-sustained market and technology developments.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2011.1.5 | Award Amount: 2.82M | Year: 2012

ARTEMIS is a collaborative project whose aim is to develop new high temperature PEMFC MEAs for operation up to at least 130 C, and preferably 150 to 180 C, and their validation in a stack for automotive application as a range extender. There is increasing industrial interest in developing HT-PEMFC systems in conjunction with Diesel or methanol-reformer to continuously charge batteries onboard of automotive vehicles, thus extending the range to several hundred kilometers, using the existing infrastructure for hydrocarbon fuels. HT-PEMFC systems are being developed commercially for backup-systems in remote areas or developing countries where a long operation time is required when the grid fails. Hydrogen supply for those applications is, in the present infrastructure scenario, rather difficult and expensive, leading to the combination of reformers with HT-PEMFC as an attractive option. High temperature fuel cells offer advantages for the overall system. HT-PEM fuel cells require less balance of plant components and thus have reduced ancillary loads, and they offer high tolerance to CO and other pollutants, meaning that either lower quality hydrogen can be used on an onboard reformer integrated to use readily available hydrocarbon fuels (gasoline or diesel in the case of range extender to an ICE, or others, bioethanol for example in the case of a range extender to a battery). The purpose of ARTEMIS is to develop and optimise alternative materials for a new generation of European MEAs which could be integrated into a 3 kWe high temperature PEMFC stack, while reducing cost and increasing durability. The MEAs will be based on new and alternative polybenzimidazole type membranes and improved catalytic layers providing low catalyst loading and high efficiency at high temperature as well as a high tolerance to pollutants. The MEAs should offer long and stable properties under various conditions of operation relevant to the range extender application.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2011.3.3 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2012

The FluMaBack (Fluid Management component improvement for Back up fuel cell systems) project aims at improving the performance, life time and cost of balance of plant (BOP) components of back up fuel cell systems specifically developed to face back-out periods of around 1,000h/year for specific markets: USA, Africa and North Europe where hard operative conditions are present (high and low temperatures). The improvement of system components addressed in this project will benefit both back-up and CHP applications. The project focuses on new design and improvement of BOP components for utilization in PEMFC based stationary power applications, aimed at: - improving BOP components performance, in terms of reliability; - improving the lifetime of BOP component both at component and at a system level; - reducing cost in a mass production perspective; - simplifying the manufacturing/assembly process of the entire fuel cell system. While in recent years the performance and durability of the PEMFC have increased and the cost has decreased at the same time, performance, durability and costs of BOP components have basically stayed the same. So, for improvements on performance, durability and cost of the fuel cell system, R&D dedicated on BOP components have become essential. The project is focussed on the most critical BOP components with the largest potential for performance improvement and cost reductions: - Air and fluid flow equipments, including subcomponents and more specifically blower and recirculation pumps - Humidifier - Heat exchanger Specific targets in terms of efficiency, lifetime and cost have been pointed out for each BOP component to be developed. The project will have a duration of 3 years to guarantee the achievement of all project targets. The consortium consists of large and small entities which are R&D centres, BoP components developers and manufacturers, fuel cells stack and fuel cell system developers and manufacturers. Partners are located throughout the EU: Italy, Spain, The Netherland and Slovenia.

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