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Fehringer E.V.,Nebraska Arthritis Outcomes Research Center | Fehringer E.V.,University of Nebraska Medical Center | Mikuls T.R.,Nebraska Arthritis Outcomes Research Center | Michaud K.D.,Nebraska Arthritis Outcomes Research Center | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research | Year: 2010

Total shoulder arthroplasties (TSA) are being performed more commonly for treatment of arthritis, although fewer than either hip (THA) or knee (TKA) arthroplasties. Total shoulder arthroplasty also provides general health improvements that are comparable to THA. One study suggests TSAs are associated with lower morbidity and mortality than THAs and TKAs. To confirm and extend that study, we therefore examined the association of patient characteristics (sociodemographics, comorbid illness, and other risk factors) with 30-day complications for patients undergoing TSAs, THAs, or TKAs. We used data from the Veterans Administration (VA) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) for fiscal years 1999 to 2006. Sociodemographics, comorbidities, health behaviors, operative factors, and complications (mortality, return to the operating room, readmission within 14 days, cardiovascular events, and infections) were available for 10,407 THAs, 23,042 TKAs, and 793 TSAs. Sociodemographic features were comparable among groups. The mean operative time was greater for TSAs (3.0 hours) than for TKAs (2.2 hours) and THAs (2.4 hours). The 30-day mortality rates were 1.2%, 1.1%, and 0.4% for THAs, TKAs, and TSAs, respectively. The corresponding postoperative complication rates were 7.6%, 6.8%, and 2.8%. Adjusting for multiple risk factors, complications, readmissions, and postoperative stays were less for TSAs versus THAs and TKAs. In a VA population, TSAs required more operative time but resulted in shorter stays, fewer complications, and fewer readmissions than THAs and TKAs. Level of Evidence: Level III, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. © 2009 The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®. Source


Miriovsky B.J.,Nebraska Arthritis Outcomes Research Center | Michaud K.,Nebraska Arthritis Outcomes Research Center | Thiele G.M.,Nebraska Arthritis Outcomes Research Center | O'Dell J.R.,Nebraska Arthritis Outcomes Research Center | Mikuls T.R.,Nebraska Arthritis Outcomes Research Center
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2010

Objective: To examine associations of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (aCCP) antibody and rheumatoid factor (RF) concentrations with future disease activity in men with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: Outcome measures were examined in male US veterans with RA and included (1) proportion of observations in remission (disease activity score (DAS28) ≤2.6); (2) remission for ≥3 consecutive months; and (3) area under the curve (AUC) for DAS28. The associations of autoantibody concentration (per 100 unit increments) with outcomes were examined using multivariate regression. Results: 826 men with RA were included in the analysis; the mean (SD) age was 65 (10.5) years and follow-up was for 2.6 (1.3) years. Most were aCCP (75%) and RF (80%) positive. After multivariate adjustment, aCCP (OR 0.93; 95% CI 0.89 to 0.96) and RF concentrations (OR 0.92; 95% CI 0.90 to 0.94) were associated with a lower odds of remission, a lower proportion of observation in remission (p=0.017 and p=0.002, respectively) and greater AUC DAS28 (p=0.092 and p=0.007, respectively). Among patients with discordant autoantibody status, higher concentrations of both aCCP and RF trended towards an inverse association with remission (OR 0.93; 95% CI 0.83 to 1.05 and OR 0.80; 95% CI 0.59 to 1.10, respectively). Conclusions: Higher aCCP concentrations (particularly in RF-positive patients) are associated with increased disease activity in US veterans with RA, indicating that aCCP concentration is predictive of future disease outcomes in men. Source

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