Journal of Cognition and Development | Year: 2013
Arguing on the computer was used as a method to promote development of face-to-face argumentation skills in middle schoolers. In the study presented, sixth graders engaged in electronic dialogues with peers on a controversial topic and in some reflective activities based on transcriptions of the dialogues. Although participants initially exhibited limited ability in arguing both face-to-face and on the computer, by the end of the intervention, they exhibited significant advances in both discussion modes. The gains of practice in the electronic mode-increased levels of counterarguments and rebuttals-successfully transferred to the face-to-face mode. This suggests a generality in developing argument skills. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source
Qualter P.,University of Central Lancashire |
Rotenberg K.,Keele University |
Barrett L.,University of Lethbridge |
Henzi P.,University of Lethbridge |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology | Year: 2013
The hypothesis that lonely children show hypervigilance for social threat was examined in a series of three studies that employed different methods including advanced eye-tracking technology. Hypervigilance for social threat was operationalized as hostility to ambiguously motivated social exclusion in a variation of the hostile attribution paradigm (Study 1), scores on the Children's Rejection-Sensitivity Questionnaire (Study 2), and visual attention to socially rejecting stimuli (Study 3). The participants were 185 children (11 years-7 months to 12 years-6 months), 248 children (9 years-4 months to 11 years-8 months) and 140 children (8 years-10 months to 12 years-10 months) in the three studies, respectively. Regression analyses showed that, with depressive symptoms covaried, there were quadratic relations between loneliness and these different measures of hypervigilance to social threat. As hypothesized, only children in the upper range of loneliness demonstrated elevated hostility to ambiguously motivated social exclusion, higher scores on the rejection sensitivity questionnaire, and disengagement difficulties when viewing socially rejecting stimuli. We found that very lonely children are hypersensitive to social threat. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source
Tsagkaridis K.,Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute |
Tsagkaridis K.,Neapolis |
Watson C.E.,Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute |
Jax S.A.,Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute |
Buxbaum L.J.,Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience | Year: 2014
A number of studies have explored the role of associative/event-based (thematic) and categorical (taxonomic) relations in the organization of object representations. Recent evidence suggests that thematic information may be particularly important in determining relationships between manipulable artifacts. However, although sensorimotor information is on many accounts an important component of manipulable artifact representations, little is known about the role that action may play during the processing of semantic relationships (particularly thematic relationships) between multiple objects. In this study, we assessed healthy and left hemisphere stroke participants to explore three questions relevant to object relationship processing. First, we assessed whether participants tended to favor thematic relations including action (Th+A, e.g., wine bottle-corkscrew), thematic relationships without action (Th-A, e.g., wine bottle-cheese), or taxonomic relationships (Tax, e.g., wine bottle-water bottle) when choosing between them in an association judgment task with manipulable artifacts. Second, we assessed whether the underlying constructs of event relatedness, action relatedness, and categorical relatedness determined the choices that participants made. Third, we assessed the hypothesis that degraded action knowledge and/or damage to temporo-parietal cortex, a region of the brain associated with the representation of action knowledge, would reduce the influence of action on the choice task. Experiment 1 showed that explicit ratings of event, action, and categorical relatedness were differentially predictive of healthy participants' choices, with action relatedness determining choices between Th+A and Th-A associations above and beyond event and categorical ratings. Experiment 2 focused more specifically on these Th+A vs. Th-A choices and demonstrated that participants with left temporo-parietal lesions, a brain region known to be involved in sensorimotor processing, were less likely than controls and tended to be less likely than patients with lesions sparing that region to use action relatedness in determining their choices. These data indicate that action knowledge plays a critical role in processing of thematic relations for manipulable artifacts. © 2014 Tsagkaridis, Watson, Jax and Buxbaum. Source
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2011.3.1.9-1 | Award Amount: 2.14M | Year: 2012
About 5% of global carbon emissions originate from the manufacturing of cement.According to IEA,cement production generates an average world carbon emission of 0.81 kg CO2 per kg cement produced.Cement related emissions are expected to increase by 260% throughout the 19902050period.As consequence,the global production of cement in 2030 is projected to grow to a level roughly 5 times higher than its level in 1990,with close to 5 billion tones worldwide.Emissions of the global cement sector alone are very likely to surpass the total amount of CO2 emissions of the EU before 2030.As well, Industrial waste is now global concern,causing environmental and economic harm.Industries are rapidly trying to find a solution,searching for optimal ways to manage waste and to change the most common practices as landfill or incineration.Industrial waste is very heavy burden for the environment,where a significant proportion of this industrial waste is attributable to construction and demolition waste.To mitigate these threats ECO-CEMENT will allow recovering valuable resources from industry,capturing CO2 and transforming both products into ecological cement that can be used in construction or novel environmental applications.Based on the natures way of creating natural formations through bacterial contribution to carbonate precipitation,the main objective of ECO-CEMENT is to develop a novel bio-mimetic technology for enzyme-based microbial carbonate precipitation through the revalorization of industrial waste as raw materials,in order to produce eco-efficient environmental cement.The Bio-mimetic Technology will convert industrial waste,mainly cement waste and others by-products,into high strength,ecological cement using microbial carbonate precipitation via urea hydrolysis.Internal studies suggest that the combined use of industrial waste and the implementation of Eco-Cement technology can reduce GHGE from cement manufacturing by up to 11 % and 20 % reduction of construction waste.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2012-2013-1 | Award Amount: 2.60M | Year: 2013
WASTECOSMART - Optimisation of Integrated Solid Waste Management Strategies for the Maximisation of Resource Efficiency addresses the priority areas of a Resource Efficient Europe and relates to the EcoAP, by boosting innovation based on research and technology development within the field of integrated waste management. Through cross border cooperation and collaborative research activities between six regional research driven clusters, the project will strengthen regional capacities for investment, research and technological development. The core goal is to help introduce innovation to the market in this sector and as a consequence support economic growth and regional development. The partners of WASTECOSMART will join forces to elaborate one Joint Action Plan (JAP) for the coordination and strengthening of their complementary RTD capacities. In close consultation with regional stakeholders from the scientific world, businesses and public authorities (triple helix), the regions will elaborate a coordinated set of Regional Research Agendas and a cross-regional Joint Action Plan, which sets a common roadmap for future collaborative RTD activities and develops synergetic follow-up projects in these key domains. The formation of regional waste management clusters is further strengthened through the mentoring of less developed regions, the dissemination of the outcomes on various platforms and internationalisation measures reaching out to other high potential regions in the world. WASTECOSMARTs approach to waste management will be based on a novel and innovative process applying a holistic set of practices. So far, there are very few studies that employ the methodological concept of innovation systems analysis, and only a few studies dealing with anything other than isolated technological issues and approaches have been carried out.