Faizābād, India
Faizābād, India

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Meena P.D.,Directorate of Rapeseed Mustard Research ICAR | Gour R.B.,University of Rajasthan | Gupta J.C.,ZARS | Singh H.K.,NDUAT | And 7 more authors.
Crop Protection | Year: 2013

India is a leading producer of oilseed Brassicas, contributing approximately 23 percent of the country's total oilseed production. In India, the Indian mustard [. Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. & Coss.] crop is ravaged by various diseases, including Alternaria blight, white rust, downy mildew, Sclerotinia rot and powdery mildew, which can contribute to fluctuations in crop yields. A field experiment examining an integrated disease management system for Indian mustard (B. juncea) was conducted under the All India Coordinated Research Project on Rapeseed-Mustard (Indian Council of Agricultural Research or ICAR) during three crop seasons (2006-09) at 11 locations to assess treatments suitable for the management of crop disease. The data from the different locations and years regarding disease severity and incidence were pooled and analyzed. Seed treatments with freshly prepared Allium sativum bulb aqueous extract (1 percent w/v) resulted in significantly higher initial plant stands, across locations and years. Seed treatment with A.sativum bulb extract, followed by its use as a foliar spray, resulted in significantly reduced Alternaria leaf and pod blight severity, reduced white rust severity, fewer stag heads per plot, reduced downy mildew and Sclerotinia rot incidence, and reduced powdery mildew severity, across locations and years. The combination also provided significantly higher seed yields compared with the control across locations and years and was at par with treatment by chemical fungicides. The combination used in the present study was as effective as the combination of seed treatment with Trichoderma harzianum and foliar spraying with Pseudomonas fluorescens and T.harzianum. Economic returns were higher when using biorational treatments (A.sativum bulb extract, T.harzianum, P.fluorescens) compared with chemical fungicides. The combination of seed treatments with T.harzianum followed by its use as a foliar spray (17.22), and the similar combination of seed treatments and foliar spraying with the A.sativum bulb extract (17.18), resulted in a higher benefit to cost ratio. This eco-friendly technology can help oilseed Brassica growers in India safeguard the crops from major diseases and increase the stability and productivity of the Indian mustard crop. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Prasad L.,NDUAT | Jalaj R.,SMS Fisheries | Pandey S.,STA
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge | Year: 2013

Various fish traps made of natural construction materials using indigenous knowledge system are traditionally employed to catch the fishes in inland water bodies eastern Uttar Pradesh. Modern fishing devices like motorized fishing gears, nets of smaller mesh size, dynamite fishing pose a threat to increase the pollution, destroy the natural environment and affect fish biodiversity. But the ancient tradition of fishing by using the traditional devices like Taap, Gaanj, Parha, Gadia, Dugla and Pachki, Sarhas, Fhekua jal, Fasla have become sustainable way of harvesting inland fisheries resources without causing any damage to the aquatic environment. These indigenous fishing methods have been practiced by the local fishing communities. A study was attempted in Faizabad district of eastern Uttar Pradesh to document the indigenous fishing methods employed to catch the fishes from inland water bodies. The data was collected through Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Prior Informed Consent (PIC) technique. It was found that most of these indigenous fish catching devices made of locally available bio-degradable material and have less construction cost making them readily acceptable among small scale fishermen.


Singh U.,DIBER DRDO Project Site C O Military Farm | Singh U.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology | Singh B.,NDUAT | Singh B.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology
Indian Journal of Agronomy | Year: 2014

A rainfed experiment was conducted during the winter (rabi) seasons of 2011–12 and 2012–13 at Kumarganj, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh to study the effect of diammonium phosphate (DAP) applied through soil and foliage in conjunction with phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) on growth characters, yield attributes and yield, seed protein content, nutrient uptake and phosphorus-use efficiency (PUE) of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). The application of 50 kg DAP/ha as basal + 50 kg DAP/ha as foliar in 2 splits 45 and 60 days after sowing + PSB significantly increased the growth attributes (plant height, primary branches/plant, leaf area/plant, number and dry weight of nodules/ plant, root and shoot dry weight/plant, root: shoot ratio), yield attributes and yield (pods/plant, 1,000-seed weight, seed yield, biological yield), seed protein content, N and P uptake and PUE of chickpea. However, seeds/ pod and harvest index were not affected significantly due to the application of DAP in cognizance with PSB. Thus, split application of 100 kg DAP/ha (½ through soil + ½ through foliage in 2 splits at 45 and 60 DAS) in conjunction with PSB proved effective in enhancing growth, yield (1,486 kg/ha; 102% increase over the control) and quality of chickpea grown under rainfed conditions. © 2014, Indian Society of Agronomy. All rights reserved.


Singh N.B.,University of Bari | Singh R.S.,University of Bari | Verma K.K.,NDUAT
Indian Journal of Agronomy | Year: 2013

A field experiment was carried out during 2005-08 at Zonal Agriculture Research Sub-Station, Bari-Bagh, Ghazipur to evaluate the productivity, profitability and sustainability of rice (Oryza sativa L.)-based cropping sequences. In these 14 cropping sequences, rice was sequenced with feasible rabi viz., wheat {Triticum aestivum (L.) emend. Fiori & Paol} lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus), pea (Pisum sativum L.), chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), frenchbean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), mustard {Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss} and linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) with and without inclusion of mungbean {Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek} in summer and tested in randomized block design with three replications. Inclusion of mungbean during summer significantly increased the rice-equivalent yield. Rice-wheat-mungbean cropping sequence recorded the highest productivity (11.79 t/ha) in terms of rice equivalent yield with maximum gross returns (58,837/ha), net returns (28,532/ha), benefit: cost ratio (0.94), as well as production efficiency (96.06) and land use efficiency (81.37%). Rice-wheat-moongbean sequence was followed by rice-chickpea-mungbean and rice-mustard-mungbean pertaining to these parameters. Rice-wheat-fallow cropping sequence was more sustainable (0.67) and sustainability further improved to 0.87 when sequenced with moongbean in summer.


Singh V.,NDUAT | Singh R.J.,NDUAT | Chauhan M.P.,NDUAT
Legume Research | Year: 2013

The combining ability analysis of sixty F1s in fieldpea between 20 lines and 3 testers alongwith their parent indicated revealed non additive gene action for seed yield and other agronomic characters studied, both under disease protected and disease unprotected experimentation in fieldpea. The parents PG-3, EC-324110, TARA, NIC-11236, HFP-4, Pant P-5, Pusa-10 and HUDP-15 were identified as promising genotype for hybridization programme. EC-324110 × Rachna for disease protected condition and NIC-11236 × HUDP-15 for disease unprotected condition where as HFP-4 × LFP-326, both for the above conditions appeared the best cross combination for seed yield per plant and other yield attributes.

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