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Kennedy Space Center, FL, May 26, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The SpaceX Falcon 9 vehicle is slated to launch its 11thcargo resupply mission (CRS-11) to the International Space Station (ISS) no earlier than June 1, 2017 from Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex  39A. Onboard the Falcon 9 launch vehicle is the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft, which will carry more than 40 ISS U.S. National Laboratory sponsored experiments. This mission will showcase the breadth of research possible through the ISS National Laboratory, as experiments range from the life and physical sciences, Earth observation and remote sensing, and a variety of student-led investigations. Below highlights the investigations as part of the SpaceX CRS-11 mission: Colloids are suspensions of microscopic particles in a liquid, and they are found in products ranging from milk to fabric softener. Consumer products often use colloidal gels to distribute specialized ingredients, for instance droplets that soften fabrics, but the gels must serve two opposite purposes: they have to disperse the active ingredient so it can work, yet maintain an even distribution so the product does not spoil. Advanced Colloids Experiment-Temperature-6 (ACE-T-6) studies the microscopic behavior of colloids in gels and creams, providing new insight into fundamental interactions that can improve product shelf life. Vermicomposting, or using worms to break down food scraps, is an effective way to reduce waste and obtain a nutrient-rich fertilizer for plants. The NanoRacks-NDC-Bell Middle School-Efficiency of Vermicomposting in a Closed System (NanoRacks-NDC-BMS-Vermicomposting) investigation is a student-designed project that studies whether red wiggler worms, a species of earthworm, are able to produce compost in space. Results are used to study the potential for composting as a form of recycling on future long-duration space missions. Functional Effects of Spaceflight on Cardiovascular Stem Cells (Cardiac Stem Cells) investigates how microgravity alters stem cells and the factors that govern stem cell activity, including physical and molecular changes. Spaceflight is known to affect cardiac function and structure, but the biological basis for this is not clearly understood. This investigation helps clarify the role of stem cells in cardiac biology and tissue regeneration. In addition, this research could confirm the hypothesis that microgravity accelerates the aging process. Teledyne Brown Engineering developed the Multiple User System for Earth Sensing (MUSES), an Earth imaging platform, as part of the company’s new commercial space-based digital imaging business. MUSES hosts earth-viewing instruments (Hosted Payloads), such as high resolution digital cameras, hyperspectral imagers, and provides precision pointing and other accommodations. It hosts up to four instruments at the same time, and offers the ability to change, upgrade, and robotically service those instruments. It also provides a test bed for technology demonstration and technology maturation by providing long-term access to the space environment on the ISS. Spaceflight affects organisms in a wide range of ways, from a reduction in human bone density to changes in plant root growth. NanoRacks-JAMSS-2 Lagrange-1 helps students understand potential spaceflight-related changes by exposing plant seeds to microgravity, and then germinating and growing them on Earth. The plants are compared with specimens grown from seeds that remained on the ground. The investigation also connects students to the space program by sending their photographic likenesses and personal messages into orbit. This connection inspires the next generation of scientists and engineers who will work on international space programs. NEUTRON CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF HUMAN ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE FOR THE DESIGN OF ACCERERATED REACTIVATORS (ORNL-PCG) The investigative team is trying to improve our understanding of acetylcholinesterase, an enzyme essential for normal communication between nerve cells and between nerve and muscle cells. As a target of deadly neurotoxins produced by animals as venom or by man as nerve agents and pesticides, understanding the structure of acetylcholinesterase is critical to designing better antidotes to poisoning by chemicals that attack the nervous system. The Oak Ridge National Lab team plans to use the microgravity environment of space to grow large crystals of the enzyme that will be imaged back on Earth using a powerful imaging approach called neutron diffraction. Neutron diffraction yields very detailed structural information but requires much larger crystals than traditional x-ray diffraction imaging methods. The investigators hypothesize that structural images of space-grown crystals will bring us closer to more effective and less toxic antidotes for neurotoxins that bind and inhibit acetylcholinesterase. The Student Spaceflight Experiments Program (SSEP) provides one of the most exciting educational opportunities available: student-designed experiments to be flown on the International Space Station. The NanoRacks-National Center for Earth and Space Science Education-Odyssey (NanoRacks-NCESSE-Odyssey) investigation contains 24 student experiments, including microgravity studies of plant, algae and bacterial growth; polymers; development of multi-cellular organisms; chemical and physical processes; antibiotic efficacy; and allergic reactions. The program immerses students and teachers in real science, providing first-hand experience conducting scientific experiments and connecting them to the space program. Astronauts living in space for extended durations experience bone density loss, or osteoporosis. Currently, countermeasures include daily exercise designed to prevent bone loss from rapid bone density loss deterioration. However, in space and on Earth, therapies for osteoporosis cannot restore bone that is already lost. The Systemic Therapy of NELL-1 for Osteoporosis (Rodent Research-5) investigation tests a new drug on rodents that can both rebuild bone and block further bone loss, improving health for crew members in orbit and people on Earth. Dr. Soo’s laboratory has been funded by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases within the National Institutes of Health. This experiment builds on those previous research investigations. THE EFFECT OF MICROGRAVITY ON TWO STRAINS OF BIOFUEL PRODUCING ALGAE WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF RENEWABLE FUELS IN SPACE-BASED APPLICATIONS Algae can produce both fats and hydrogen, which can each be used as fuel sources on Earth and potentially in space. NanoRacks-National Design Challenge-Chatfield High School-The Effect of Microgravity on Two Strains of Biofuel Producing Algae with Implications for the Production of Renewable Fuels in Space Based Applications (NanoRacks-NDC-CHS-The Green Machine) studies two algae species to determine whether they still produce hydrogen and store fats while growing in microgravity. Results from this student-designed investigation improve efforts to produce a sustainable biofuel in space, as well as remove carbon dioxide from crew quarters. Tomatosphere is a hands-on student research experience with a standards-based curriculum guide that provides students the opportunity to investigate, create, test, and evaluate a solution for a real world case study. Tomatosphere provides information about how spaceflight affects seed and plant growth and which type of seed is likely to be most suitable for long duration spaceflight. It also exposes students to space research, inspiring the next generation of space explorers. It is particularly valuable in urban school settings where students have little connection to agriculture. In its 15-year existence, the program has reached approximately 3.3 million students. Valley Christian High School (San Jose, CA), in partnership with other high schools throughout the world Students at Valley Christian High School (VCHS) have a rich history of sending investigations to the ISS through its launch partner, NanoRacks. On SpaceX CRS-11, students from VCHS have partnered with other students from across the world to send 12 total experiments to the ISS National Laboratory. Investigations will range from investigating high quality food nutrients, to the fermentation of microbes, to even an investigation monitoring the growth of a special bacterial strain. The program VCHS has developed with NanoRacks allows students the opportunity to not only conceive a flight project, but learn, understand, and implement the engineering required for a successful experiment in microgravity. Thus far in 2017, the ISS National Lab has sponsored over 75 separate experiments that have reached the station. This launch manifest adds to an impressive list of experiments from previous missions in 2017 to include; stem cell studies, cell culturing, protein crystal growth, external platform payloads, student experiments, Earth observation and remote sensing. To learn more about those investigations and other station research, visit www.spacestationresearch.com. About CASIS: The Center for Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS) is the non-profit organization selected to manage the ISS National Laboratory with a focus on enabling a new era of space research to improve life on Earth. In this innovative role, CASIS promotes and brokers a diverse range of research in life sciences, physical sciences, remote sensing, technology development, and education. Since 2011, the ISS National Lab portfolio has included hundreds of novel research projects spanning multiple scientific disciplines, all with the intention of benefitting life on Earth.. Working together with NASA, CASIS aims to advance the nation’s leadership in commercial space, pursue groundbreaking science not possible on Earth, and leverage the space station to inspire the next generation. About the ISS National Laboratory: In 2005, Congress designated the U.S. portion of the International Space Station as the nation's newest national laboratory to maximize its use for improving life on Earth, promoting collaboration among diverse users, and advancing STEM education. This unique laboratory environment is available for use by other U.S. government agencies and by academic and private institutions, providing access to the permanent microgravity setting, vantage point in low Earth orbit, and varied environments of space. A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/565f968b-ad65-42c2-be54-97423c9dbcba


British Airways and sister carrier Iberia are to levy a £8 fee on every fare booked on systems not using an NDC-led connection. The surcharge will come into force from November this year, the pair told agencies in a letter today (Friday), covering fares in all cabins and classes. Other channels that are exempt include its own website, airline sales offices and call centres, as well as the following channels: The fee is being set to recover “the additional costs applied” on existing distribution channels – namely the Global Distribution Systems. The announcement comes almost two years to the day since fellow European carrier Lufthansa unveiled its plan to add a tax to any booking made through Travelport, Amadeus and Sabre. The letter to agencies says: “Our distribution strategy is focused on providing an enhanced range of booking options to our partners. “We will continue to work with the GDS providers to distribute our content to our valued agency partners via existing solutions, however these systems and their traditional technology solutions currently carry significantly greater costs to BA and IB. “We are also continuing to work with the GDSs on potential NDC connectivity.” The threat of another major carrier joining suit has been mooted ever since Lufthansa’s move in 2015, with IAG-owned BA considered the most likely to move next given that a number of its executives had sat on the original IATA-led NDC committees. BA says to agencies that it appreciates the introduction of a fee “represents significant change for your business”, thus the four-month period before it goes live in November. The airline says the NDC standard “enhances the capability of communications between airlines and travel agents”, in particular regarding access to “full and rich air content”, “product differentiation” and a “transparent” booking process. Those that continue to book BA/Iberia tickets through traditional channels will be automatically charged as part of the ticket, with a line item noted in the fare quote. IAG family members, Aer Lingus and Vueling, are not affected by the changes. Speaking to Tnooz during Travelport’s recent first quarter 2017 earnings call two weeks ago, CEO Gordon Wilson said of the rumoured addition of a fee: “We have good faith talks going on and there’s nothing that they say they want to do which they can’t already do with Travelport. “If they have an NDC protocol we are quite happy to write to it to connect some or all of their content. “Surcharge would be a bad move and a retrograde step.” In a follow-up to agency customers this morning, Travelport’s managing director of agency commerce, Jason Clarke, says the move is “the equivalent of a travel agency APD [Air Passenger Duty] seeking to penalise consumers who enjoy the benefits of choice, efficiency and value by booking through the travel agency medium”.


News Article | May 26, 2017
Site: www.tnooz.com

Reaction to the introduction by British Airways of a surcharge on tickets sold on non-NDC systems has been less hysterical than some might have anticipated. When Lufthansa shocked many in the industry two years ago with its fee on every GDS booking there was mild contempt for the move from some quarters. BA and Iberia will impose the £8 surcharge from November this year, covering fares in all cabins and classes. Channels that are exempt include their own websites, airline sales offices and call centres, as well as NDC-approved connections. Amadeus, in a statement, says it is working with IAG (parent group of BA and Iberia) to find a solution to integrate NDC-based API content from the content to its agencies. An official adds that it does not think a surcharge is in the “best interests of travellers” and believes that “indirect distribution remains the cost-efficient solution for all parties on a global scale”. Sabre says it has been in discussions with IAG and is it “disappointing” to see the introduction of the surcharge. GDSs are clearly operating in more diplomatic times, along with their business travel counterparts, such as Carlson Wagonlit Travel. A CWT official says the company supports the objectives of NDC to improve transparency. In other words: this is awkward.


Kennedy Space Center, FL, May 26, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The SpaceX Falcon 9 vehicle is slated to launch its 11thcargo resupply mission (CRS-11) to the International Space Station (ISS) no earlier than June 1, 2017 from Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex  39A. Onboard the Falcon 9 launch vehicle is the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft, which will carry more than 40 ISS U.S. National Laboratory sponsored experiments. This mission will showcase the breadth of research possible through the ISS National Laboratory, as experiments range from the life and physical sciences, Earth observation and remote sensing, and a variety of student-led investigations. Below highlights the investigations as part of the SpaceX CRS-11 mission: Colloids are suspensions of microscopic particles in a liquid, and they are found in products ranging from milk to fabric softener. Consumer products often use colloidal gels to distribute specialized ingredients, for instance droplets that soften fabrics, but the gels must serve two opposite purposes: they have to disperse the active ingredient so it can work, yet maintain an even distribution so the product does not spoil. Advanced Colloids Experiment-Temperature-6 (ACE-T-6) studies the microscopic behavior of colloids in gels and creams, providing new insight into fundamental interactions that can improve product shelf life. Vermicomposting, or using worms to break down food scraps, is an effective way to reduce waste and obtain a nutrient-rich fertilizer for plants. The NanoRacks-NDC-Bell Middle School-Efficiency of Vermicomposting in a Closed System (NanoRacks-NDC-BMS-Vermicomposting) investigation is a student-designed project that studies whether red wiggler worms, a species of earthworm, are able to produce compost in space. Results are used to study the potential for composting as a form of recycling on future long-duration space missions. Functional Effects of Spaceflight on Cardiovascular Stem Cells (Cardiac Stem Cells) investigates how microgravity alters stem cells and the factors that govern stem cell activity, including physical and molecular changes. Spaceflight is known to affect cardiac function and structure, but the biological basis for this is not clearly understood. This investigation helps clarify the role of stem cells in cardiac biology and tissue regeneration. In addition, this research could confirm the hypothesis that microgravity accelerates the aging process. Teledyne Brown Engineering developed the Multiple User System for Earth Sensing (MUSES), an Earth imaging platform, as part of the company’s new commercial space-based digital imaging business. MUSES hosts earth-viewing instruments (Hosted Payloads), such as high resolution digital cameras, hyperspectral imagers, and provides precision pointing and other accommodations. It hosts up to four instruments at the same time, and offers the ability to change, upgrade, and robotically service those instruments. It also provides a test bed for technology demonstration and technology maturation by providing long-term access to the space environment on the ISS. Spaceflight affects organisms in a wide range of ways, from a reduction in human bone density to changes in plant root growth. NanoRacks-JAMSS-2 Lagrange-1 helps students understand potential spaceflight-related changes by exposing plant seeds to microgravity, and then germinating and growing them on Earth. The plants are compared with specimens grown from seeds that remained on the ground. The investigation also connects students to the space program by sending their photographic likenesses and personal messages into orbit. This connection inspires the next generation of scientists and engineers who will work on international space programs. NEUTRON CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF HUMAN ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE FOR THE DESIGN OF ACCERERATED REACTIVATORS (ORNL-PCG) The investigative team is trying to improve our understanding of acetylcholinesterase, an enzyme essential for normal communication between nerve cells and between nerve and muscle cells. As a target of deadly neurotoxins produced by animals as venom or by man as nerve agents and pesticides, understanding the structure of acetylcholinesterase is critical to designing better antidotes to poisoning by chemicals that attack the nervous system. The Oak Ridge National Lab team plans to use the microgravity environment of space to grow large crystals of the enzyme that will be imaged back on Earth using a powerful imaging approach called neutron diffraction. Neutron diffraction yields very detailed structural information but requires much larger crystals than traditional x-ray diffraction imaging methods. The investigators hypothesize that structural images of space-grown crystals will bring us closer to more effective and less toxic antidotes for neurotoxins that bind and inhibit acetylcholinesterase. The Student Spaceflight Experiments Program (SSEP) provides one of the most exciting educational opportunities available: student-designed experiments to be flown on the International Space Station. The NanoRacks-National Center for Earth and Space Science Education-Odyssey (NanoRacks-NCESSE-Odyssey) investigation contains 24 student experiments, including microgravity studies of plant, algae and bacterial growth; polymers; development of multi-cellular organisms; chemical and physical processes; antibiotic efficacy; and allergic reactions. The program immerses students and teachers in real science, providing first-hand experience conducting scientific experiments and connecting them to the space program. Astronauts living in space for extended durations experience bone density loss, or osteoporosis. Currently, countermeasures include daily exercise designed to prevent bone loss from rapid bone density loss deterioration. However, in space and on Earth, therapies for osteoporosis cannot restore bone that is already lost. The Systemic Therapy of NELL-1 for Osteoporosis (Rodent Research-5) investigation tests a new drug on rodents that can both rebuild bone and block further bone loss, improving health for crew members in orbit and people on Earth. Dr. Soo’s laboratory has been funded by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases within the National Institutes of Health. This experiment builds on those previous research investigations. THE EFFECT OF MICROGRAVITY ON TWO STRAINS OF BIOFUEL PRODUCING ALGAE WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF RENEWABLE FUELS IN SPACE-BASED APPLICATIONS Algae can produce both fats and hydrogen, which can each be used as fuel sources on Earth and potentially in space. NanoRacks-National Design Challenge-Chatfield High School-The Effect of Microgravity on Two Strains of Biofuel Producing Algae with Implications for the Production of Renewable Fuels in Space Based Applications (NanoRacks-NDC-CHS-The Green Machine) studies two algae species to determine whether they still produce hydrogen and store fats while growing in microgravity. Results from this student-designed investigation improve efforts to produce a sustainable biofuel in space, as well as remove carbon dioxide from crew quarters. Tomatosphere is a hands-on student research experience with a standards-based curriculum guide that provides students the opportunity to investigate, create, test, and evaluate a solution for a real world case study. Tomatosphere provides information about how spaceflight affects seed and plant growth and which type of seed is likely to be most suitable for long duration spaceflight. It also exposes students to space research, inspiring the next generation of space explorers. It is particularly valuable in urban school settings where students have little connection to agriculture. In its 15-year existence, the program has reached approximately 3.3 million students. Valley Christian High School (San Jose, CA), in partnership with other high schools throughout the world Students at Valley Christian High School (VCHS) have a rich history of sending investigations to the ISS through its launch partner, NanoRacks. On SpaceX CRS-11, students from VCHS have partnered with other students from across the world to send 12 total experiments to the ISS National Laboratory. Investigations will range from investigating high quality food nutrients, to the fermentation of microbes, to even an investigation monitoring the growth of a special bacterial strain. The program VCHS has developed with NanoRacks allows students the opportunity to not only conceive a flight project, but learn, understand, and implement the engineering required for a successful experiment in microgravity. Thus far in 2017, the ISS National Lab has sponsored over 75 separate experiments that have reached the station. This launch manifest adds to an impressive list of experiments from previous missions in 2017 to include; stem cell studies, cell culturing, protein crystal growth, external platform payloads, student experiments, Earth observation and remote sensing. To learn more about those investigations and other station research, visit www.spacestationresearch.com. About CASIS: The Center for Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS) is the non-profit organization selected to manage the ISS National Laboratory with a focus on enabling a new era of space research to improve life on Earth. In this innovative role, CASIS promotes and brokers a diverse range of research in life sciences, physical sciences, remote sensing, technology development, and education. Since 2011, the ISS National Lab portfolio has included hundreds of novel research projects spanning multiple scientific disciplines, all with the intention of benefitting life on Earth.. Working together with NASA, CASIS aims to advance the nation’s leadership in commercial space, pursue groundbreaking science not possible on Earth, and leverage the space station to inspire the next generation. About the ISS National Laboratory: In 2005, Congress designated the U.S. portion of the International Space Station as the nation's newest national laboratory to maximize its use for improving life on Earth, promoting collaboration among diverse users, and advancing STEM education. This unique laboratory environment is available for use by other U.S. government agencies and by academic and private institutions, providing access to the permanent microgravity setting, vantage point in low Earth orbit, and varied environments of space. A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/565f968b-ad65-42c2-be54-97423c9dbcba


Hogg Robinson Group and Concur claim they are spearheading the spread of IATA’s New Distribution Capability standards into business travel. A connection with British Airways for its content using the standard is on the cards for HRG, as part of what it says is moving the business to take notice of the “change in travel distribution several years ago”. HRG says it has been exploring how to use so-called “direct-connects” as a new method of connecting with airlines since 2011, two years ahead of NDC’s official launch to the market. Concur has also this week begun adding BA and Lufthansa content into its travel platform, allowing users to choose what system they book flights (GDS or NDC). The integration is expected to be made fully available to users later in 2017. HRG claims it is the first major TMC “to be involved at the heart of developments” with the changes taking place around distribution. The company signed a deal with Lufthansa (following the GDS surcharge saga that was imposed in the summer of 2015) in March 2016 to integrate directly with the carrier using NDC-based protocols, by-passing the GDS. “HRG’s technology capability means it is ideally placed to integrate and connect with British Airways systems. “In addition to technical development, teams will be working jointly with mutual clients over the coming months to discuss and explore how the new distribution channel will deliver increased benefits to the client and their travellers.”


There is great potential to incorporate trade elements in nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that has not been taken advantage of to date. This blog post argues that decision-makers’ awareness of the advantages of using trade opportunities in supporting the objectives of the Paris Agreement should be increased. There should also be better guidance for drafting future NDCs and the guidelines could describe the opportunities that trade elements offer. Having celebrated the adoption of the Paris Agreement as a historical step, the world must now move to making progress to achieving its goals to hold the increase in global average temperature to “well below 2°C” compared to pre-industrial levels and to “pursue efforts” to limit the increase to 1.5°C, achieving net zero emissions in the second half of this century. Going forward, one key option is to better harness international trade approaches that encourage and support the transformation to a low-carbon economy by incorporating more climate-friendly trade elements into country’s climate contributions. In that context, the UNFCCC negotiations in Bonn and Warsaw can play an essential role. Which opportunities does the inclusion of trade elements in the NDCs entail and how could this be done? Raising awareness on the benefits of incorporating trade elements In the run-up to the Paris negotiations, countries publicly announced their post-2020 climate targets, or intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs). These contributions are essential for reaching the goals of the Paris Agreement: the ambition of the climate targets and actions communicated in these contributions, and the extent to which they are implemented, in principle decide whether or not the world achieves the agreement’s long-term goals. More than 190 countries have submitted their INDCs in 2015, of which more and more are being converted into NDCs once a country ratifies the Paris Agreement. In the future, countries will be required to submit updated and more ambitious NDCs every five years. All parties are asked to submit new or updated NDCs by 2020 and every five years after that. In 2018, for the first time, the parties of the UNFCCC will take stock of their collective efforts towards achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement. In the same year, the parties will also inform the preparation of future NDCs, thereby providing more clarity and better guidelines for countries’ submissions. In this context, raising awareness of the benefits of incorporating trade elements represents a tremendous opportunity. International trade flows are central for fostering the availability of climate-friendly technologies and of products with relatively lower levels of embedded carbon at competitive costs and at larger scale. A huge shift to climate-friendly technologies is essential to reach the objectives of the Paris Agreement. However, a number of trade barriers undermine their diffusion and deployment. The liberalisation of international trade can thus significantly stimulate the development of this market and increase the spread and affordability of, for instance, clean energy or energy efficiency technologies. In particular, the reduction of trade barriers for environmental goods and services can contribute to climate change goals by facilitating the switch to renewable energy, as well as in improving energy efficiency and thus reducing fossil fuel usage. Moreover, climate-related provisions in trade agreements can act as stimulating framework conditions for decarbonising economic activities. Trade can also help compensate for or adjust to altered productive capacities caused by climate change, for example to ensure access to food or to support economic diversification. Trade-related elements feature frequently in climate contributions under the Paris Agreement. Yet, there is tremendous untapped potential: while around 45 percent of all climate contributions include a direct reference to trade or trade measures, only around 22 percent include trade measures that are specifically geared towards fostering mitigation. There are thus not many direct references to the use of trade measures to foster climate protection, although trade elements offer substantial opportunities for increasing mutual supportiveness between trade and climate objectives. Harnessing the potential of trade to contribute to the aims of the Paris Agreement There are a number of steps that can be taken to increase the potential of trade and trade measures to support climate protection and to foster synergies between the trade and climate regimes. One key option for the pathway forward is to make sure that climate-friendly trade elements are more systematically incorporated into future NDCs. Since trade measures can contribute to combating climate change and to fostering the implementation of the NDCs under the Paris Agreement, in the next NDC cycle of the ratcheting-up mechanism governments should take better account of and make more use of trade elements in their NDCs. Trade measures can significantly complement and leverage emissions abatement and climate change mitigation efforts, above all if they are supported by other domestic policies, regulations and incentives. This potential should be harnessed – and UNFCCC guidance in the context of future NDC cycles can contribute to this endeavour. One reason for the untapped potential of trade elements in the climate contributions so far might be a lack of certainty about what should or could be included in the NDCs. Better guidance by the UNFCCC on how to prepare updated NDCs and more standardised submissions, and more awareness of the potential of trade elements as well as more expertise in that regard, can foster the synergies between trade and climate objectives in future NDC cycles under the Paris Agreement. Moreover, trade opportunities in future NDCs can be taken up more systematically if countries are aware of the various potential trade elements and related opportunities through a trade measures “toolbox.” For example, low-carbon markets can offer new trade opportunities and help countries gain market shares. Against this background, national assessment of specific trade opportunities can help in the design of tailor-made trade elements. For instance, conducting national assessments of the sectors with potential comparative advantage can be helpful in leveraging export opportunities. In sum, trade elements that facilitate co-benefits should feature more prominently in future NDCs. Decision-makers’ awareness of the advantages of using trade opportunities in the NDCs should be increased. There should also be better guidance for drafting future NDCs and the guidelines should describe the opportunities that trade elements offer. Overall, there is considerable room for a stronger emphasis on climate-friendly trade elements, especially among the major emitters and exporters of embedded carbon. This would ultimately help achieve the aims of the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals, contributing to a more sustainable future for all. This article is derived from the paper Trade Elements in Countries’ Contributions under the Paris Agreement authored by Clara Brandi and published by ICTSD. Dr Clara Brandi is a Senior Researcher and Project Leader at the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).


News Article | February 15, 2017
Site: co.newswire.com

JR Technologies has entered into an agreement with the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to design, develop, host, and operate the IATA Financial Gateway (IFG) payment solution - a turn-key information technology solution by IATA that will simplify the travel services suppliers shopping-to-cash process. IFG introduces a universal payment gateway allowing members to manage and optimize their diverse sales payment processes through a single global platform regardless of their network, business partners and distribution channels. The solution is fully integrated with the Weblink for agency sales reporting to the IATA Billing and Settlement Plan (BSP), further facilitating the early adoption by airlines, GDS, and travel agencies. JR Technologies was selected by IATA for its track record in innovation and continuous delivery of high quality services in a cost-effective manner. Through its strategic partnership with JR Technologies, IATA will have access to intellectual knowledge in line with leading best industry practices and benefit from continuous improvement in services and reduction of IATA's associated costs. JR Technologies specializes in NDC-enabled airline retailing solutions. The transition into a modern airline retailing model requires a solid payment gateway that expands the scope of airline transactions to include products and services from across the value chain. "This is a win-win situation for the entire industry," said George Khairallah, President of JR Technologies. "Our commitment to airlines and all travel suppliers is to continually offer innovative solutions at a speed to match the constantly evolving marketplace. Travel suppliers expect nothing less and that's what IFG and JR Technologies will deliver." "The IATA Financial Gateway will offer an innovative and cost efficient solution to address the airlines' payment challenges through their different distribution channels. It will help them optimize their payment processes and facilitate acceptance of different forms of payments including the BSP agency sales settlement through a single global platform," said Aleks Popovich, IATA Senior Vice President, Financial and Distribution Services. "IATA's objective, with the support of JR Technologies, is to go beyond the scope of airlines. This in turn will trigger cost efficiency, improve risk management and maximize resources to bring cost-saving benefits for the entire industry," added Aleks Popovich. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is the trade association for the world's airlines, representing some 265 airlines or 83% of total air traffic. IATA supports many areas of aviation activity and helps to formulate industry policy on critical aviation issues. JR Technologies is a thought leader in airline retailing and New Distribution Capabilities (NDC). Established in 2015 in Chania, on the Island of Crete, the JR Technologies Innovation Center is dedicated to supporting NDC adoption and boasts rapid prototyping and R&D capabilities unparalleled in the travel industry. With its locations in Athens (Greece), and Dublin (Ireland), JR Technologies offers end-to-end NDC enabled airline retailing solutions that support both direct and indirect distribution. For more information, please contact:


DUBLIN, Feb. 25, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Endo International plc (NASDAQ / TSX: ENDP) today announced that one of its operating companies, Endo Pharmaceuticals Inc. based in Malvern, Pennsylvania, is voluntarily recalling one lot of Edex® (alprostadil for injection) 10 mcg to the consumer level. This product recall is due to the detection by Endo of a defect in the crimp caps used in the manufacture of the subject product lot. This defect has the potential to lead to a loss of container closure integrity, which could impact the product's sterility assurance and may lead to serious adverse events such as infections, both localized at the site of injection and systemically. To date, Endo has not received adverse event reports related to this recall. Edex® (alprostadil for injection) is a prescription only intracavernous injection indicated for the treatment of male erectile dysfunction. The recall applies to the 10 mcg strength, packaged in a 2 pack carton, (NDC 52244-010-02), product lot number 207386, Expiration Date: May 2019 (see photographs of packaged product within). The affected lot was distributed from December 13, 2016 through February 13, 2017 to wholesale distributors and retail pharmacies throughout the United States. The lot number can be found on the manufacturer's unit. Consumers who are unsure if they have the affected lot number should consult their pharmacist or health care professional. Consumers in possession of any unused prescribed Edex® 10 mcg product bearing lot number 207386 should immediately discontinue use of the product and return the unused product by following the instructions below: Pharmacists and wholesalers are asked to check their inventories for lot number 207386, segregate any impacted inventory and contact Inmar at extension #1 at 1-800-967-5952, Monday through Friday (9 a.m. to 5 p.m. EST) or via e-mail at rxrecalls@inmar.com for instructions on product return. Pharmacists who have dispensed impacted product are asked to notify their patients of this recall. Pharmacies and wholesalers that received lot number 207386 will receive a letter as well as a copy of this press release with their recall notification information. Endo takes this issue seriously and is fully committed to ensuring all of its products and packaging meet the highest quality standards.  If you have any questions regarding this recall, please call 1-800-462-ENDO (3636), between the hours of 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. EST Monday through Thursday and 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. EST on Friday. Consumers should contact their physician or healthcare provider if they have experienced any problems that may be related to using this product. Additional information regarding this recall can be found at http://www.endo.com/endopharma/our-products. Adverse reactions or quality problems associated with the use of this product may be reported to FDA's MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program either by phone, on line, by regular mail or by fax. This Product Recall is being made with the knowledge of the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). About Endo International plc Endo International plc (NASDAQ / TSX: ENDP) is a highly focused generics and specialty branded pharmaceutical company delivering high-quality medicines to patients in need through excellence in development, manufacturing and commercialization. Endo has global headquarters in Dublin, Ireland, and U.S. headquarters in Malvern, PA. Learn more at www.endo.com.


News Article | February 16, 2017
Site: www.tnooz.com

Air France-KLM plans to invest more than €200 million on digital and data development by 2020 with a priority on better use of its data. The group says it has had an internal “Big Data Platform” since 2015 and last year connected to all of its customer data sources to get a rounded view of customers and develop personalised services. Speaking during the group’s full-year 2016 results presentation to analysts, CEO Jean-Marc Janaillac said Air France-KLM is now one of a few companies in the world which collect and use online and offline customer data to make personalised offers. The group says it has been increasing digital and big data investment by about 15% every year since 2013 with last year’s investment standing at €55 million. The airline group expects to reap €200 million in additional revenue over the same period. “It’s going to be our priority and and quite important in terms of revenues because we do think that this possibility to have a personal link with customers will enable us to get €200 million in additional revenue.” The latest ancillary revenue report from Ideaworks and Cartrawler estimated airlines would earn $67.6 billion in ancillary revenue in 2016. Responding to a question about adjusting distribution channels to continue digital growth, Janaillac says the airlines want to be able treat passengers in a different way as it currently does through the GDS and that it is working on IATA’s NDC standard. Air France-KLM reported €5 billion in online sales in 2016 and has been seeing an average annual increase of  7%. Further digital milestones for the group in 2016 include 56% of passengers now interacting via mobile and one-in-three tickets sold via its AF.com and klm.com websites. For the year, the group reported operating income of €1.049 billion million. The group carried 93.4 million passengers, a 4% increase on the previous year.

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