Borrelli A.,NCI of Naples Pascale Foundation |
Schiattarella A.,NCI of Naples Pascale Foundation |
Musella A.,NCI of Naples Pascale Foundation |
Mancini R.,NCI of Naples Pascale Foundation |
And 13 more authors.
Chemical Biology and Drug Design | Year: 2012
The leader peptide of a recombinant manganese superoxide dismutase (rMnSOD-Lp) acts as a molecular carrier. Clonogenic tests on normal (MRC-5) and endometrial adenocarcinoma cells (HTB-112) were carried out in the presence of rMnSOD-Lp, cisplatin alone (CC) or cisplatin conjugated to the rMnSOD-Lp (rMnSOD-Lp-CC). The platinum delivered into the cells was measured by atomic spectrophotometric absorbance. The treatments on tumor and normal cells were finally evaluated by LM and TM microscopy. Tumor cell death in the case of 0.5μm cisplatin on its own was minimal, while in the presence of 0.5μm rMnSOD-Lp-CC, no tumor cells survived. Atomic absorbance analysis showed that rMnSOD-Lp-CC delivered approximately four times more cisplatin into HTB-112 cells than the amount delivered using cisplatin alone. By LM observation, the cells treated with rMnSOD-Lp-CC showed signs of nuclear and cytoplasmic fragmentation, that is, apoptosis induced by the treatment. The therapeutic effect of rMnSOD-Lp-CC on endometrial cancer cells was significant, while on the normal cells it showed only a minimal toxicity. We believe that rMnSOD-Lp deserves to be considered as a molecular carrier to deliver cisplatin directly into tumor cells, thus transforming its antireplicative activity into a specific and selective antitumor agent. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.