PubMed | NCI Inc and University of Iowa
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of biological chemistry | Year: 2016
NADPH oxidases (NOXs) are involved in inflammation, angiogenesis, tumor growth, and osteoclast differentiation. However, the role of NOX1 and NOX2 in macrophage differentiation and tumor progression is still elusive. Here we report that NOX1 and NOX2 are critical for the differentiation of monocytes to macrophages, the polarization of M2-type but not M1-type macrophages, and the occurrence of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). We found that deletion of both NOX1 and NOX2 led to a dramatic decrease in ROS production in macrophages and resulted in impaired efficiency in monocyte-to-macrophage differentiation and M2-type macrophage polarization. We further showed that NOX1 and NOX2 were critical for the activation of the MAPKs JNK and ERK during macrophage differentiation and that the deficiency of JNK and ERK activation was responsible for the failure of monocyte-to-macrophage differentiation, in turn affecting M2 macrophage polarization. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the decrease in M2 macrophages and TAMs, concomitant with the reduction of cytokine and chemokine secretion, contributed to the delay in wound healing and the inhibition of tumor growth and metastasis in NOX1/2 double knockout mice compared with WT mice. Collectively, these data provide direct evidence that NOX1 and NOX2 deficiency impairs macrophage differentiation and the occurrence of M2-type TAMs during tumor development.