Hegde B.,NCE Unit of Piramal Healthcare Ltd |
Vadnal P.,NCE Unit of Piramal Healthcare Ltd |
Sanghavi J.,NCE Unit of Piramal Healthcare Ltd |
Korde V.,NCE Unit of Piramal Healthcare Ltd |
And 2 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2012
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is known to contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory hyperalgesia and neuropathic pain. Prior studies have shown that Vitamin E treatment is associated with attenuated hyperalgesia and reduced neuropathic pain in rodents. Given these observations, we investigated the possibility that Vitamin E is a MIF inhibitor. Dopachrome tautomerase assays revealed that Vitamin E inhibits the enzymatic activity of purified human recombinant MIF (rhMIF) in a dose-dependent manner (45%, 74%, 92% and 100% inhibition at 3, 10, 30 and 100 μM, respectively). Cell-free ELISA based assays showed that Vitamin E binds onto rhMIF thereby blocking its recognition (48% inhibition at 100 μM). Circular dichroism studies indicated the Vitamin E has a strong affinity to bind to rhMIF (binding constant 19.52 ± 1.4 μM). In silico studies demonstrated that Vitamin E docks well in the active site of MIF with the long aliphatic chain of Vitamin E exhibiting strong van der Waals interactions with MIF. Most importantly, human cell-based assays revealed that Vitamin E significantly inhibits rhMIF-induced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in a dose-dependent manner (77%, 80%, and 96% inhibition of IL-6 production, respectively, at 10, 30 and 100 μM). Taken together, these results demonstrate that Vitamin E inhibits not only the enzymatic activity of MIF but more importantly the biological function of MIF. Our findings suggest that Vitamin E may be attenuating hyperalgesia and reducing neuropathic pain at least in part by inhibiting MIF activity. © 2012 Elsevier Inc..