Entity

Time filter

Source Type

NBR
Nordic, Denmark

News Article
Site: http://phys.org/technology-news/

Dotcom's lawyers have asked if they can film his extradition appeal, which began Monday at New Zealand's High Court in Auckland. The U.S. opposes the plan. Justice Murray Gilbert, the New Zealand judge hearing the appeal, criticized Dotcom's request for coming at the last-minute but said he'd let other media discuss it before making a decision, the National Business Review newspaper reported. A New Zealand judge last year ruled that Dotcom and three of his colleagues could be extradited to the U.S. to face conspiracy, racketeering and money-laundering charges. If found guilty, they could face decades in jail. The ruling came nearly four years after the U.S. shut down Dotcom's file-sharing site Megaupload, which prosecutors say was widely used by people to illegally download songs, television shows and movies. Megaupload was once one of the internet's most popular sites. Prosecutors say it raked in at least $175 million and cost copyright holders more than $500 million. But Dotcom and his colleagues argue they can't be held responsible for people who chose to use the site for illegal purposes. In his application to livestream the case, Dotcom's lawyer Ron Mansfield said the streaming would have a 10-minute delay to ensure sensitive information could be censored, the NBR newspaper reported. Mansfield also argued livestreaming would ensure balanced and fast reporting, as opposed to the constraints of traditional media. Dotcom and colleagues Mathias Ortmann, Bram van der Kolk and Finn Batato are seeking to halt their extradition. They say lower court judge Nevin Dawson didn't give their arguments a fair hearing. Grant Illingworth, the lawyer for Ortmann and van der Kolk, told the high court Monday the case "has gone off the rails," NBR reported. Born in Germany as Kim Schmitz, Dotcom has long enjoyed a flamboyant lifestyle. He was arrested in New Zealand in 2012 after a dramatic police raid on his mansion. Out on bail soon after, he released a music album, started another Internet file-sharing company called Mega, and launched a political party which unsuccessfully contested the nation's 2014 election. More recently, Dotcom has promised to launch a reboot of Megaupload next year. Explore further: US prosecutors file for extradition of Kim Dotcom


Laufer D.,Institute of Sugar Beet Research | Nielsen O.,NBR | Wilting P.,IRS | Koch H.-J.,Institute of Sugar Beet Research | Marlander B.,Institute of Sugar Beet Research
European Journal of Agronomy | Year: 2016

Yield and nitrogen (N) use efficiency (NUE) are important traits for the evaluation of crops used for renewable energy production. Contrary to other bio-energy crops, data on NUE are not available for beet crops from the Beta genus for high yielding conditions of northwestern Europe. Thus, our study aimed to provide such information for one current representative of the cultivar groups sugar and fodder beet. Field experiments were conducted with six mineral fertilizer N doses (0-200 kg N ha-1, 40 kg steps) at one site in Germany (DE), The Netherlands (NL) and Denmark (DK) in 2010 and 2011; each combination of site and year (DE10, DE11, NL10, NL11, DK10, DK11) was evaluated as distinct environment.The environments strongly differed in yield (dry matter, sugar), N uptake, harvest indices and N-utilization efficiency (NUtE) parameters. Increasing the fertilizer N dose increased dry matter yield and sugar yield in the environments NL10, NL11, DK10 and DK11, but not at DE10 and DE11. Harvest indices decreased with increasing fertilizer N dose in the environments NL10, NL11, DK10 and DK11 only, which were characterized by a 70-110kg Nha-1 lower N uptake at zero fertilizer N than DE10 and DE11. The N uptake continuously increased while NUtE decreased with increasing fertilizer N dose at all environments. When regarding environmental and fertilizer N effects, yield was neither related to harvest indices nor NUtE.Despite several significant interactions between environment and cultivar, the data clearly reveal that yield, sucrose concentration in taproot dry matter, total plant N uptake, NUtE and apparent fertilizer N recovery were considerably higher for sugar beet (SB) than for fodder beet (FB). Contrastingly, harvest index on taproot dry matter basis and N harvest index were higher in FB than in SB, while harvest index for sugar was similar. An improved harvest index was obviously not the cause for the higher sugar yield of SB compared to FB, while sucrose concentration in taproot dry matter was clearly favourable for SB. Although SB crops incorporated more N into the leaves than FB, NUtE was considerably higher in SB, especially when focusing on sugar instead of dry matter production. In conclusion, SB offers a higher potential for producing bio-energy per unit of arable land with less N use related greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy gain than FB. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source


Heiberger R.M.,Temple University | Robbins N.B.,NBR
Journal of Statistical Software | Year: 2014

Rating scales, such as Likert scales, are very common in marketing research, customer satisfaction studies, psychometrics, opinion surveys, population studies, and numerous other fields. We recommend diverging stacked bar charts as the primary graphical display technique for Likert and related scales. We also show other applications where diverging stacked bar charts are useful. Many examples of plots of Likert scales are given. We discuss the perceptual and programming issues in constructing these graphs. We present two implementations for diverging stacked bar charts. Most examples in this paper were drawn with the likert function included in the HH package in R. We also have a dashboard in Tableau. Source


Koch H.-J.,Institute of Sugar Beet Research | Laufer D.,Institute of Sugar Beet Research | Nielsen O.,NBR | Wilting P.,Institute of Sugar Beet Research
Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science | Year: 2016

This study provides current data on plant nitrogen (N) uptake required for maximum sugar yield (PNUpmax) and the corresponding fertilizer N dose (ND) (optimum N dose [NDopt]) for high-yielding beet crops (sugar yield up to 20 Mg ha− 1). In 2010 and 2011, field experiments were conducted with four cultivars from Beta genus differing in dry matter composition, and six mineral NDs (0–200 kg N ha− 1) at three sites (The Netherlands, Germany, Denmark). Differences between cultivars in PNUpmax and NDopt were small; however, environments (defined as combination of site and year) substantially differed from each other: highest PNUpmax and lowest NDopt occurred at environments supplying high amounts of N from soil resources, and vice versa. The level of maximum sugar yield (SYmax) was related neither to PNUpmax (200–270 kg N ha− 1) nor to NDopt. However, N dose and plant N uptake required for 95% of maximum sugar yield was 50–80 kg N ha−1 lower than for maximum sugar yield. To conclude, accepting a slight reduction in sugar yield might allow for a substantial decrease in the ND. Cultivar choice and yield level need not to be taken into account at present. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Source

Discover hidden collaborations