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Oklahoma City, OK, United States

Truong T.V.,Nazhi Zudhi Transplant Institute | Truong T.V.,University of Oklahoma | Stanfield J.R.,University of Utah | Chaffin J.S.,Nazhi Zudhi Transplant Institute | And 5 more authors.
ASAIO Journal | Year: 2013

Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are blood pumps that augment the function of the failing heart to improve perfusion, resulting in improved survival. For LVADs to effectively unload the left ventricle, the inflow cannula (IC) should be unobstructed and ideally aligned with the heart's mitral valve (MV). We examined IC orientation deviation from a hypothesized conventional angle (45 right-posterior) and the approximate angle for direct IC-MV alignment in many patients. Three-dimensional anatomic models were created from computed tomography scans for 24 LVAD-implanted patients, and angles were measured between the IC and the apical z-axis in both the coronal and the sagittal planes. Common surgical IC angulation was found to be 22 ± 15 rightward and 21 ± 12 posterior from the apical z-axis; 38% (n = 9) of patients fell in this range. Direct IC-MV angulation was found to be 34 ± 8 rightward and 15 ± 7 posterior; only 8% (n = 2) of patients fell in this range. Rightward deviation toward ventricular septal wall and anterior deviation toward LV anterior freewall are associated with mortalities more so than leftward and posterior deviation. In conclusion, anatomic reconstruction may be a useful preoperative tool to obtain general population and patient-specific alignment for optimal LVAD implantation. © 2013 by the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs. Source

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