Nayoro, Japan

Nayoro City University
Nayoro, Japan

Nayoro City University is a public university in Nayoro, Hokkaido, Japan. The school was established as a junior women's college in 1960, and it became a four-year college in 2006. Wikipedia.

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Hirohashi Y.,Nayoro City University | Lee S.-J.,Yasu Jikei kai social welfare corporation
Communications in Computer and Information Science | Year: 2014

We measured the finger plethysmograms of care workers working in a social welfare facility for the elderly three times a day, and gained the chaotic information was analyzed using a non linear analysis method. As a result, the differences were found in the value of the Lyapunov exponent as vital information reflecting the level of mental revitalization, the value of autonomic balance, the degree to which an individual is unable to shake off something that happened and worrying about the gap between personal emotions and what is expected of an individual as a professional in the case of Emotional Labor. The 4 patterns became clear, like the Tense Group, the Fatigued Group, the Stable Group, and the Easygoing Group. It can be said that the improvement of emotional control skills is important for a care for the elderly. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014.

Yoshii S.,Keiyukai Sapporo Hospital | Yoshii S.,Nippon Telegraph and Telephone | Nojima M.,Sapporo Medical University | Nojima M.,Tokyo Medical University | And 9 more authors.
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2014

Background & Aims: More information is needed on the long-term outcomes of patients who undergo endoscopic resection of colorectal tumors. We evaluated recurrence of colorectal cancer (CRC) after endoscopic resection or a combination of endoscopic research and surgery for T1 colorectal tumors. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 389 patients with T1 CRC treated by endoscopic resection from January 1989 to December 2008 in Sapporo, Japan. We compared outcomes between patients who underwent subsequent surgery (ER+ SURG, n= 205) and those who did not (ER only, n= 184) and statistically adjusted baseline differences between the groups according to the propensity scores. Results: There was almost no risk of cancer recurrence among patients without indications for surgery recommended by the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum (these indications include tumors with vertical margins, deep submucosal invasion, lymphatic or venous invasion, poor differentiation, or high-grade budding). Among patients with indications for surgery, the cumulative risks of recurrence (CRRs) were 3.7% in the ER+ SURG group and 20.1% in the ER only group (P= .001). However, the patients with only deep submucosal invasion had a low CRR, even without surgery (2.3% in the ER+ SURG group and 3.4% in the ER only groups, P=.867). In contrast, patients with indications for surgery other than deep submucosal invasion (high-risk patients) had much better outcomes when they also underwent surgery (CRRs: 5.8% in the ER+ SURG group vs 58.0% in the ER only group, P < .001). Conclusions: On the basis of a retrospective study of patients who underwent endoscopic resection for T1 CRC, those with tumors with only submucosal invasion are at low risk for cancer recurrence. However, patients with other high-risk tumor features have greater risks for cancer recurrence and benefit from subsequent surgery. © 2014 AGA Institute.

PubMed | University of Shizuoka and Nayoro City University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry | Year: 2016

Colonic hydrogen (H

Nishimura N.,Nayoro City University | Tanabe H.,Nayoro City University | Sasaki Y.,Nayoro City University | Makita Y.,Nayoro City University | And 5 more authors.
British Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2012

We investigated whether the feeding of high H2-generating dietary fibre and resistant starch (RS) could suppress hepatic ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, which results from oxidative stress, in rats fed a pectin (Pec) or high-amylose maize starch (HAS) diet. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a control (C) diet, with or without Pec (0-5 % Pec) or HAS (0-30 % HAS) supplementation for 7 d. Portal H2 concentration showed a significant dose-dependent increase with the amount of Pec or HAS supplementation. Plasma alanine and aspartate aminotransferase activities remarkably increased in the C rats (5 % cellulose) due to IR treatment, while it decreased significantly or showed tendencies to decrease in 5 % Pec and 20 % HAS diet-fed rats. The hepatic oxidised glutathione (GSSG):total glutathione ratio increased significantly in IR rats maintained on the C diet compared with sham-operated rats. On the other hand, reduced glutathione (GSH):total glutathione and GSH:GSSG ratios decreased significantly. The GSSG:total glutathione ratio that increased due to IR treatment decreased significantly on HAS and Pec intake, while GSH:total glutathione and GSH:GSSG ratios increased significantly. Hepatic sinusoids of IR rats fed the C diet were occluded, but those of IR rats fed the Pec diet were similar to those in the sham-operated rats. In conclusion, we found that Pec or HAS, which enhance H2 generation in the large intestine, alleviated hepatic IR injury. The present study demonstrates another physiological significance of dietary fibre and RS. © The Authors 2011.

Nishimura N.,Nayoro City University | Tanabe H.,Nayoro City University | Adachi M.,Nayoro City University | Yamamoto T.,Nayoro City University | Fukushima M.,Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine
Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2013

Hydrogen (H2) protects against inflammation-induced oxidative stress. Nondigestible saccharides (NDSs) enhance colonic H2 production. We examined whether colonic H2 transfers to tissues in the abdominal cavity and whether it affects expression of proinflammatory cytokines. In Expts. 1 and 2, rats were fed diets containing fructooligosaccharides [FOSs; 25 (Expt. 1) and 50 g/kg (Expts. 1 and 2)] for 7 and 14 d, respectively. The no-FOS diet was used as the control diet. At the end of the experiment, H2 excretion and the portal H2 concentration were significantly greater in the FOS group than in the control group. In the FOS group, the arterial H2 concentration was no more than 1.5% of the portal H2concentration (P = 0.03). The H2 concentration in abdominal cavity tissues, especially adipose tissue, in the FOS group was 5.6-to 43-fold of that in the control group (P < 0.05). The H2 content in the abdominal cavity in the FOS group was 11-fold of that in the control group (P < 0.05). In Expt. 3, rats were fed a high-fat diet containing FOS and inulin (50 g/kg) for 28 d. The area under the curve for H2 excretion between 0 and 28 d and portal and adipose H2 concentrations were significantly higher in the FOS and inulin groups than in the high-fat control group. Adipose mRNA abundance of nuclear factor kappa-light-chainenhancer of activated B cells 1 was lower in the FOS group than in the control group (P = 0.02) and those of interleukin-6 and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 tended to be lower (P < 0.11). Colonic H2 generated from NDS diffuses to the abdominal cavity before transferring to abdominal tissues. Reduced cytokine expression by FOS feeding might be dependent on increased colonic H2. Colonic H2 may have important implications in the suppressive effect on metabolic syndrome via oxidative stress. © 2013 American Society for Nutrition.

Oku T.,Kagoshima University | Ando S.,Nayoro City University | Tsai H.-C.,Kagoshima University | Yamashita Y.,Kagoshima University | And 4 more authors.
Biochimie | Year: 2012

Three enzymes, carnosine dipeptidase I (EC, CNDP1), carnosine dipeptidase II (EC, CNDP2), and Xaa-methyl-His dipeptidase (or anserinase: EC, ANSN), are known to be capable of catalyzing the hydrolysis of carnosine (β-alanyl-l-histidine), in vertebrates. Here we report the purification and identification of two unidentified carnosine-cleaving enzymes from Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica). Two different dipeptidases were successfully purified to homogeneity from the skeletal muscle; one exhibited a broad substrate specificity, while the other a narrow specificity. N-terminal amino-acid sequencing, deglycosylation analysis, and genetic analysis clearly revealed that the former is a homodimer of glycosylated subunits, encoded by ANSN, and the latter is another homodimer of glycosylated subunits, encoded by CNDP1; that is, Xaa-methyl-His dipeptidase, and carnosine dipeptidase I respectively. This is the first report on the identification of carnosine dipeptidase I from a non-mammal. Database search revealed presence of a CNDP1 ortholog only from salmonid fishes, including Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout, but not from other ray-finned fish species, such as zebrafish, fugu, and medaka whose genomes have been completely sequenced. The mRNAs of CNDP1 and ANSN are strongly expressed in the liver of Japanese eel, compared with other tissues, while that of CNDP2 is widely distributed in all tissues tested. © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Asano M.,Hokkaido University | Yamamoto T.,Nayoro City University | Tsuruta T.,Hokkaido University | Nishimura N.,Nayoro City University | Sonoyama K.,Hokkaido University
Development Growth and Differentiation | Year: 2015

Small intestinal epithelium is a self-renewing system in which the entire sequence of cell proliferation, differentiation, and removal is coupled to cell migration along the crypt-villus axis. We examined whether dual labeling with different thymidine analogues, 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), can be used to estimate cell migration rates on the villi of small intestines in rats. Rats received a single intraperitoneal injection of BrdU and EdU within a time interval, and signals in tissue sections were examined by immunohistochemistry and the "click" reaction, respectively. We successfully observed BrdU- and EdU-positive cells on the epithelium with no cross-reaction. In addition, we observed an almost complete overlapping of BrdU- and EdU-positive cells in rats administered simultaneously with BrdU and EdU. By calculating the cell migration rate by dividing the distance between the median cell positions of the distribution of BrdU- and EdU-positive cells by the time between the injection of BrdU and EdU, we estimated approximately 9 and 5 μm/h for the cell migration rates on the villi in the jejunum and ileum, respectively. We propose that dual labeling with BrdU and EdU within a time interval, followed by detecting with immunohistochemistry and the click reaction, respectively, is useful to estimate accurately the cell migration rate in the intestinal epithelium in a single animal. © 2014 Japanese Society of Developmental Biologists.

Nishimura N.,Nayoro City University | Tanabe H.,Nayoro City University | Yamamoto T.,Nayoro City University | Fukushima M.,Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine
Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology | Year: 2011

We examined the effects of raw Chinese yam (Dioscorea opposita), containing resistant starch (RS), on lipid metabolism and cecal fermentation in rats. Raw yam (RY) and boiled yam (BY) contained 33.9% and 6.9% RS, respectively. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a cholesterol-free, control (C) diet supplemented with or without 15 and 30 g of RY or BY/100 g for 3 wk. Plasma total cholesterol concentrations in the tail vein of rats fed the 30% RY diet were significantly lower than in the C group throughout the feeding period. Compared with the C group, non-HDL concentrations in arterial plasma in the 30% RY group was significantly reduced. Liver cholesterol concentration in rats fed the 30% RY diet was significantly higher compared with those fed the C diet. Hepatic cholesterol 7 α-hydroxylase mRNA and fecal bile acid excretion were significantly higher in the BY, but not the RY group, compared with the C group. Fecal cholesterol excretion in the 30% RY group was greater compared with the C group. Hepatic microsomal triacylglycerol transfer protein mRNA was significantly lower in the 30% RY group compared with the C group. Cecal pools of acetate, propionate and butyrate were 113-257%, 181-476% and 410-789% greater in the RY group compared with the C group. These results suggest raw yam is effective as a source of RS and facilitates production of short chain fatty acid (SCFA), especially butyrate, in the rat cecum. In addition, RY has a plasma-cholesterol lowering effect, possibly due to the inhibited release of VLDL.

Ohmi H.,Nayoro City University | Okizaki T.,Nayoro City University | Meadows M.,Nayoro City University | Terayama K.,Nayoro City University | Mochizuki Y.,Asahikawa University
Tobacco Induced Diseases | Year: 2013

Background: Smoking bans in public places have been shown to have an impact on smoking habits, however the potential influence of a university smoking ban on faculty and staff smoking habits remains elusive. Methods. This cross sectional study was implemented in Nayoro City, Japan in 2011, among the faculty and students of the Nayoro City University. Five years after the declaration of a total ban on smoking on a university campus, the smoking characteristics of all students, teachers and office workers, and the policy's impact on smokers were investigated. The survey was conducted through an anonymous, self-administered, multiple-choice questionnaire. Information was gathered on the characteristics and smoking characteristics of respondents, and the smokers attitudes toward smoking. Results: The recovery rate was 62.1%. Among respondents, smoking prevalence was 17.9% in teachers and office workers, and 4.0% in students. Among all smokers, 46.4% did not abstain from smoking while at the university and they indicated their smoking areas were "on the streets next to the campus": 16 and "outdoors on campus": 3, respectively. As for smokers, 29.6% of them reduced the number of cigarettes smoked per day as a result of the smoking ban. None of the ex-smokers replied that their principal motivation for quitting smoking was the smoking ban. Conclusions: The ban on smoking served a motivator for smokers to reduce in smoking, but not serve as an effective motivator to quit smoking. © 2013 Ohmi et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

PubMed | Nayoro City University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry | Year: 2016

Colonic hydrogen (H2) protects against inflammation-induced oxidative stress. We examined the effect of a new highly branched -glucan, isomaltodextrin (IMD), on colonic H2 production in rats. Rats were fed a 16.7% IMD, 8.8% indigestible dextrin (ID), or 10.4% high amylose cornstarch diet (Expt. 1), were fed diets containing 3.3-16.7% IMD (Expt. 2), or were fed diets containing 16.7% IMD or 5.2% fructooligosaccharide (FOS) (Expt. 3), for 14 days. Compared with the control group, feeding IMD or other -glucans dose dependently and significantly increased H2 excretion and portal H2 concentration. The ability of IMD to increase H2 production was not inferior to that of FOS. The cecal Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio in the IMD group was 5-14% of that in the control group. The cecal abundance of bifidobacteria was significantly greater in the IMD group than in the control group. Taken together, IMD, as well as other -glucans, significantly increased colonic H2 production in a dose-dependent manner.

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