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Manjith C.M.,Mahatma Gandhi Institute | Karnam S.K.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital | Praveen M.N.,KLE University | Mathur A.,HKDET Dental College Humnabad
Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice | Year: 2012

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of different orthodontic treatment needs on the OHQoL of adolescents. Materials and methods: 200 subjects (100 males and 100 females), 11 to 15 years of age were recruited for the study. OHQoL was assessed with the short form of the oral health impact profile (OHIP-14), and malocclusion severity was assessed with the index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN). The Chi-square test was used to analyse the qualitative data. The level of significance was 0.05. Results: The more severe the malocclusion the worse was the impact on the OHQoL. Orthodontic treatment need had almost similar impact on the daily activities of both males and females. Pronunciation and taste was not significantly affected by the need for orthodontic treatment in either males or females. The proportions of orthodontic patients who found it uncomfortable to eat any food and had to interrupt their meals were significantly correlated with orthodontic treatment needs in both males and females. Conclusion: Orthodontic treatment need had an impact on OHQoL of adolescents with no significant difference between males and females. Clinical significance: Orthodontists should be aware of the impact caused by malocclusion and orthodontic treatment on the quality of life of the patients and should provide regular positive reinforcements to them.


Koneru A.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital | Nellithady G.S.,Srinivas Institute of Dental Science | Krishnapillai R.,Anoor Dental College | Prabhu S.,Mangalore University
Applied Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Morphology | Year: 2014

Calretinin is expressed primarily in the central and peripheral nervous system and extensively studied in colon adenocarcinoma and mesotheliomas. Calretinin is known to be expressed in the odontogenic epithelium and odontogenic tumors. However, the role of calretinin in the pathogenesis of odontogenic tumors is yet to be confirmed. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression and role of calretinin in selected odontogenic tumors. The study included 30 ameloblastomas, 30 adenomatoid odontogenic tumors, and 30 keratocystic odontogenic tumors. Staining intensity, pattern, and localization of the immunopositive cells were determined. Statistical analysis was performed using Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance test. P-values <0.05 were considered to be statistically significant. Results showed that 90% ameloblastomas and 80% keratocystic odontogenic tumors were immunopositive to calretinin, whereas none of the adenomatoid odontogenic tumors showed reactivity. Intensity was higher in the ameloblastomas compared with the keratocystic odontogenic tumors. Statistically significant differences were observed when the expression of calretinin was compared, except between the ameloblastoma and keratocystic odontogenic tumor. However, the intensity of calretinin was significantly higher in the ameloblastoma when compared with the keratocystic odontogenic tumor. On the basis of these results, it is suggested that calretinin might be used as a specific immunohistochemical marker for the ameloblastomas and could play an important role in the differentiation of aggressiveness of different odontogenic tumors. Depending on the cell regulatory processes, we suggest a possible role of calretinin in the pathogenesis of ameloblastomas and have to be further studied along with other proliferative cell cycle and apoptotic markers with larger sample size. Copyright © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


PubMed | Navodaya Dental College and Hospital
Type: | Journal: Scientifica | Year: 2016

Background and Objectives. Pregnancy can be a risk factor for dental diseases as oral tissues are liable to changes due to hormonal variations. The aim of the study was to assess the oral health status and treatment needs among pregnant women of Raichur district, Karnataka, India. Methods. Cross-sectional data was collected from 300 primigravidae from all the 5 taluks of Raichur district visiting the respective community health centre at taluk headquarters. A specially designed questionnaire was used to assess the demographic variables and oral hygiene practices. A clinical examination was done according to WHO (World Health Organization) criteria 1997 and recorded using WHO Oral Health Assessment Form. Results. The mean age of the pregnant women in the study was 21.8 (2.12) years. The prevalence of caries and periodontal diseases was 62.7% and 95%, respectively. The mean DT, MT, FT, and DMFT were 2.06 (2.5), 0.03 (0.17), 0.04 (0.27), and 2.13 (2.54), respectively. The mean OHI-S was 2.87 (1.27). Chi-square test showed that CPI scores increased with the trimester of pregnancy. Conclusion. The present study demonstrates poor oral hygiene and high prevalence of periodontal diseases, as well as a large proportion of unmet dental treatment needs among pregnant women of Raichur district, India.


Arakeri G.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital | Arakeri G.,Bangalore Institute of Oncology | Patil S.G.,Bangalore Institute of Oncology | Ramesh D.N.S.V.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital | And 2 more authors.
British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2014

We aimed to investigate the concentration of copper ions in drinking water and to assess whether copper has a role in the pathogenesis of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF). We studied 50 patients with clinically and histologically diagnosed OSMF from the Yadgir district of Karnataka in India. Fifty healthy people matched for age and sex were used as controls. In both groups concentrations of copper ions in serum, saliva, and home drinking water were measured using atomic absorption spectroscopy and intelligent nephelometry technology. Serum ceruloplasmin concentrations were also estimated in both groups. The mean (SD) concentration of copper in the home drinking water of patients with OSMF was significantly higher (764.3 (445.9) μmol/L) than in the controls (305.7 (318.5) μmol/L) (p < 0.001). Patients with OSMF also had a significantly higher copper concentrations in serum and saliva, and serum ceruloplasmin than controls (p < 0.001). For the first time these data have shown a positive association between copper concentrations in home drinking water and OSMF. It raises the possibility that increased copper in drinking water contributes to the development of OSMF, and adds to that ingested when areca nut is chewed. © 2013 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.


Satish S.V.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital | Shetty K.P.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital | Kilaru K.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital | Bhargavi P.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Endodontics | Year: 2013

Introductions: The purpose of this study was to determine the anesthetic efficacy of lidocaine containing epinephrine compared with lidocaine containing epinephrine plus hyaluronidase (75 IU) when performing an inferior alveolar nerve block. Methods: Patients complaining of pain in the mandibular posterior teeth were selected. Based on their chief complaint, proper clinical and radiographic examinations were performed. Among them, 40 subjects diagnosed with irreversible pulpitis were selected. The inferior alveolar nerve block was induced using 3 mL 2% lidocaine with epinephrine. Hyaluronidase (75 IU) or a placebo was injected 30 minutes after the beginning of pulpal anesthesia (randomized and double-blind trial). The duration of the effect in the pulpal and gingival tissues was evaluated by the response to painful electrical stimuli applied to the adjacent premolar and by mechanical stimuli (pinprick) to the buccal gingiva, respectively. Results: In both pulpal and gingival tissues, the duration of the anesthetic effects with hyaluronidase was longer than with placebo. Conclusions: Hyaluronidase increased the duration of the effects of lidocaine in inferior alveolar nerve blocks. © 2013 American Association of Endodontists.


Arakeri G.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital | Colbert S.,Queen Alexandra Hospital | Rosenbaum G.,Queen Alexandra Hospital | Brennan P.A.,Queen Alexandra Hospital
British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2012

Full length articles such as prospective and retrospective studies, case series, laboratory-based research and reviews form the majority of papers published in the British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (BJOMS). We were interested to evaluate the breakdown of these types of articles both by sub-specialty and the type of study as well as the proportion that are written by UK colleagues compared to overseas authors over a 2 year period (2010-11). A total of 191 full length articles across all sub-specialties of our discipline were published, with 107 papers (56%) coming from UK authors. There were proportionately more oncology papers arising from the UK than overseas (60 and 30% of total respectively) while the opposite was found for cleft/deformity studies (10% and 22%). There was only one laboratory-based study published from the UK compared with 27 papers from overseas. The number of quality papers being submitted to the Journal continues to increase, and the type of article being published between UK and overseas probably reflects different practices and case-loads amongst colleagues. The relatively few UK laboratory based studies published in BJOMS compared to overseas authors are most likely due to authors seeking the most prestigious journals possible for their work. © 2012 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.


Arakeri G.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital | Arakeri G.,Bangalore Institute of Oncology | Brennan P.A.,Queen Alexandra Hospital
Medical Hypotheses | Year: 2013

Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is known devastating disorder commonly seen in South Asian developing countries. It is directly linked to areca nut chewing and the contents of areca are subjected to multitude of investigations. Among all the contents of areca nut, the copper element has been extensively studied. Most of the published studies have validated its association with OSMF because of its local action. In this paper we postulate a novel biological pathway through which copper is thought to predispose oral mucosa to OSMF. The hypothesis is instructive in explaining various unexplored aspects of the disease. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


Arakeri G.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital | Brennan P.A.,Queen Alexandra Hospital
British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2013

Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a complex, debilitating, and precancerous condition. Formerly confined to the Indian subcontinent, it is now often seen in the Asian populations of the United Kingdom, USA, and other developed countries, and is therefore a serious problem for global health. The well-known causative agent of the disease, areca-nut is now recognised as a group one carcinogen. We review and discuss all components of OSMF, including the terminology, presentation, aetiology, and pathogenesis, and provide a brief overview of its management. © 2012 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.


Arakeri G.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital | Brennan P.A.,Queen Alexandra Hospital
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2013

Persistent oozing of blood is a common occurrence in maxillofacial surgery, and occasionally it hampers visibility and delays or even prevents continuation of the procedure. This report describes a novel method of controlling blood ooze using swabs soaked with povidone-iodine and hydrogen peroxide (PI-HP pack) that is particularly useful in relatively inaccessible areas of the maxillofacial region. © 2013 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.


Bennadi D.,Sree Siddhartha Dental College and Hospital | Konekeri V.,Navodaya Dental College and Hospital
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2015

Quackery is a derogatory term used to describe the fraudulent misinterpretation of the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Quackery is prevalent in dentistry due to lack of awareness about dentistry, high charges or unequal distribution of dentists. A quack could be a self styled expert, making himself out to be the director or president of an important sounding scientific society. But the quack differs from the ethical practitioner in that the quack's basic tools are incompetence and fraud. Many quacks are practicing on roadside as denturists and making money by fixing artificial teeth or extracted teeth as such on edentulous sites. It is high time for the dentists to tackle quackery both for the health of patients and save this prestigious profession.

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