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Chaniá, Greece

Brucellosis remains a diagnostic puzzle. We retrospectively studied the case notes of 105 patients with brucellosis who were admitted in the Department of Internal Medicine of the University of Patras Hospital, a tertiary care institution serving an extended rural area in western Greece, from 2003 to 2006. Five unusual causes of brucellosis were identified: hepatic, epidural and thyroid abscesses, intrahepatic cholestatic liver disease and pancytopenia. Virtually every human organ and system can be involved in brucellosis, which highlights the need to include brucellosis in the differential diagnosis, especially in endemic areas.

Starakis I.,University of Patras | Nikolakopoulos A.,University of Patras | Mazokopakis E.E.,Naval Hospital of Crete
Combinatorial Chemistry and High Throughput Screening | Year: 2012

The incorporation of targeted agents has considerably improved the management of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) over the last years. The main targets include the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Currently available agents with established role in NSCLC include the anti-EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs) erlotinib/gefitinib and the anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody bevacizumab. Moreover, several other agents targeting critical pathways in lung carcinogenesis are currently under preclinical or clinical evaluation. This review presents an update on the role of targeted agents in advanced NSCLC. In addition, we present the main clinical studies investigating the activity of these agents in NSCLC and we provide recent data with respect to future therapeutic strategies. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.

Mazokopakis E.E.,Naval Hospital of Crete | Starakis I.K.,University of Patras
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice | Year: 2012

Metformin treatment is a known pharmacological cause of vitamin B12 (Cbl) deficiency with controversial responsible mechanisms. A possible diagnosis of this deficiency is based mainly on the combination of patient's medical history (usually long-term metformin use), clinical examination (possible neuropsychiatric symptoms and signs), laboratory studies which confirm a Cbl deficiency (haematological abnormalities, low serum Cbl levels, elevated serum total homocysteine and methylmalonic acid levels), and exclusion other causes of Cbl deficiency (as pernicious anaemia, food-cobalamin malabsorption syndrome, other drugs, etc.). In our review, recommendations for diagnosis and management of metformin-induced Cbl deficiency (MICD) in diabetic patients based on medical bibliography are presented and discussed. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Mazokopakis E.E.,Naval Hospital of Crete | Mazokopakis E.E.,University of Crete | Starakis I.K.,University of Patras | Papadomanolaki M.G.,Technical University of Crete | And 2 more authors.
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) is a filamentous cyanobacterium used as a food supplement. The objective of the study was to determine the lipid-lowering effects of Spirulina in Cretan Greek dyslipidaemic patients, and to document its effectiveness as a possible alternative treatment for dyslipidaemia. Fifty-two adultCretan outpatients (32 men, 20 women), median age 47 (range, 37-61) years, with recently diagnosed dyslipidaemia, consumed orally 1 g Spirulina (Greek production) per day for 12 weeks. The full lipid profile was measured in fasting blood samples at the beginning and end of the study period. Anthropometric measurements including systolic and diastolic blood pressure, height, weight and body mass index were also recorded. RESULTS: At the end of the 3-month intervention period the mean levels of triglycerides, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, total cholesterol, non-high density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels, and the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoproteincholesterol were significantly decreased: 16.3% (P < 0.0001), 10.1% (P < 0.0001), 8.9% (P < 0.0001), 10.8% (P < 0.0001) and 11.5% (P = 0.0006) respectively, whereas the mean high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels were not significantly increased (3.5%). Blood pressure, weight and body mass index remained almost unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: Spirulina supplementation at a dose of 1 g daily has powerful hypolipidaemic effects, especially on the triglyceride concentration in dyslipidaemic Cretan outpatients. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry.

Mazokopakis E.E.,Naval Hospital of Crete | Kofteridis D.P.,University of Crete | Pateromihelaki A.T.,Naval Hospital of Crete | Vytiniotis S.D.,Naval Hospital of Crete | Karastergiou P.G.,Naval Hospital of Crete
Dermatologic Therapy | Year: 2011

Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare noninfectious destructive neutrophilic dermatosis of unknown origin affecting the skin and occasionally the subcutaneous fat. In this report, we present the results of intensive hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy in a 62-year-old Greek woman who had been diagnosed with ulcerative PG two years ago, but had been resistant to other therapies. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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