Robak E.,Naukowe Przy Zakladzie Stomatologii Dzieciecej |
Kalinska A.,Naukowe Przy Zakladzie Stomatologii Dzieciecej |
Olta A.,Naukowe Przy Zakladzie Stomatologii Dzieciecej |
Choromanska M.,Naukowe Przy Zakladzie Stomatologii Dzieciecej |
And 3 more authors.
Pediatria Polska | Year: 2011
Introduction: Early childhood caries is an important problem that triggers the loss of deciduous teeth, which in turn may lead to dysfunction of the masticatory system. Early childhood caries results mainly from improper parent's care of infant's oral cavity as well as bad nutritional habits. Aim: Analysis of the influence of selected factors on the intensity of early childhood caries. Materials and methods: One hundred and five 3-year old children going to kindergartens in Warsaw were examined. Clinical studies included caries intensity (dmf) and oral hygiene index (OHI). Questionnaire for parents allowed to obtain information about socio-economical factors (parents' age, educational and material status), factors concerning pregnancy and labour (diseases during pregnancy, stimulants and drugs intake while being pregnant) and children related factors (general health condition, nutritional habits, type and quality of dental care). The questionnaire complemented clinical examination. Results: Examined group characterized with caries intensity index dmf = 2.88. Studies show higher dmf rate among girls (3.02) than among boys (2.74). The greatest importances were the sweetening of foods in a bottle and fall asleep while sucking the breast or bottle feeding. High OHI and consequently poor oral hygiene also corresponded with advanced progression of caries in examined group of children. Conclusion: Insufficient knowledge of the young parents about necessity and proper methods of oral care in children as well as balanced nutritional pattern affects considerably the presence of early childhood caries among 3-year old children. © 2011 Polish Pediatric Society.