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Queanbeyan, Australia

Hunt R.J.,Nature Conservation Section | Claridge A.W.,Nature Conservation Section | Claridge A.W.,University of New South Wales | Fleming P.J.S.,Australian Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries | And 4 more authors.
Ecological Management and Restoration

The feral Goat (Capra hircus) has successfully exploited a range of landscapes around the world with occurrences of overabundance resulting in significant damage to ecological values. In forested ecosystems in Australia, there are currently limited means to control the species when compared to the range of management techniques available for other pest animals. To redress this deficiency, we designed a feed structure combined with commercially available salt blocks to attract goats to set locations in a forested study area. Structures that exploited differences in the pedal morphology (foot size and shape) of native herbivores (kangaroos and wallabies) and ungulates (feral goats and deer) were found to be highly target-specific, with feral goats freely able to access salt blocks, whilst nontarget native species were effectively excluded. Other introduced ungulate species, Fallow Deer (Dama dama) and Red Deer (Cervus elaphus), successfully accessed salt blocks in feed structures but at a considerably lower rate than feral goats. The capacity to present a range of bait types within a target-specific feed structure, once matched with a humane toxicant, could provide land managers with an additional cost-effective lethal control tool for future management of feral ungulates, particularly goats. © 2014 Ecological Society of Australia and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source

Meek P.D.,Australian Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries | Meek P.D.,University of New England of Australia | Ballard G.,Australian Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries | Ballard G.,University of New England of Australia | And 11 more authors.
Biodiversity and Conservation

Camera traps are used by scientists and natural resource managers to acquire ecological data, and the rapidly increasing camera trapping literature highlights how popular this technique has become. Nevertheless, the methodological information reported in camera trap publications can vary widely, making replication of the study difficult. Here we propose a series of guiding principles for reporting methods and results obtained using camera traps. Attributes of camera trapping we cover include: (i) specifying the model(s) of camera traps(s) used, (ii) mode of deployment, (iii) camera settings, and (iv) study design. In addition to suggestions regarding best practice data coding and analysis, we present minimum principles for standardizing information that we believe should be reported in all peer-reviewed papers. Standardised reporting enables more robust comparisons among studies, facilitates national and global reviews, enables greater ease of study replication, and leads to improved wildlife research and management outcomes. © 2014 Her majesty the Queen in Right of Australia. Source

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