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Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht, Netherlands

Jia F.,Sun Yat Sen University | van Vondel B.,Natural History Museum Rotterdam
ZooKeys | Year: 2011

A revised checklist of Haliplidae (Coleoptera: Adephaga) of China is presented. A new species Haliplus (Haliplus) latreillei sp. n. is described from Guizhou, China. Three species, Haliplus (Haliplidius) confines Stephens, Haliplus (Haliplus) ruficollis (De Geer) and Haliplus (Haliplus) sibricus Motschulsky are reported from China for the first time. Haliplus dalmatinus Müller is excluded from the list of Chinese species. A number of new provincial records from China is presented. © Fenglong Jia, Bernhard van Vondel. Source

Elizabeth Alter S.,York College | Elizabeth Alter S.,The Graduate Center, CUNY | Elizabeth Alter S.,American Museum of Natural History | Meyer M.,Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology | And 15 more authors.
Molecular Ecology | Year: 2015

Arctic animals face dramatic habitat alteration due to ongoing climate change. Understanding how such species have responded to past glacial cycles can help us forecast their response to today's changing climate. Gray whales are among those marine species likely to be strongly affected by Arctic climate change, but a thorough analysis of past climate impacts on this species has been complicated by lack of information about an extinct population in the Atlantic. While little is known about the history of Atlantic gray whales or their relationship to the extant Pacific population, the extirpation of the Atlantic population during historical times has been attributed to whaling. We used a combination of ancient and modern DNA, radiocarbon dating and predictive habitat modelling to better understand the distribution of gray whales during the Pleistocene and Holocene. Our results reveal that dispersal between the Pacific and Atlantic was climate dependent and occurred both during the Pleistocene prior to the last glacial period and the early Holocene immediately following the opening of the Bering Strait. Genetic diversity in the Atlantic declined over an extended interval that predates the period of intensive commercial whaling, indicating this decline may have been precipitated by Holocene climate or other ecological causes. These first genetic data for Atlantic gray whales, particularly when combined with predictive habitat models for the year 2100, suggest that two recent sightings of gray whales in the Atlantic may represent the beginning of the expansion of this species' habitat beyond its currently realized range. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Lister A.M.,Natural History Museum in London | Dimitrijevic V.,University of Belgrade | Markovic Z.,Natural History Museum | Knezevic S.,University of Belgrade | Mol D.,Natural History Museum Rotterdam
Quaternary International | Year: 2012

The Kostolac mammoth was discovered in 2009 in Pleistocene deposits adjacent to the Drmno open-cast lignite mine in the Serbian Danube Basin. On the basis of cranial and dental features, the individual is identified as the so-called 'steppe' mammoth, Mammuthus trogontherii. The remains are those of an old male of estimated age around 62 years, and comprise one of the most complete and best-preserved known skeletons of this species, and the first from the region. Skeletal height is estimated as around four metres, and body mass 9.5 t. The excellent preservation of the skeleton provides new information about the osteology of M. trogontherii, an evolutionary intermediate between the better-known ancestral mammoth Mammuthus meridionalis and woolly mammoth Mammuthus primigenius. The find is also remarkable for the articulated condition of the skeleton, the animal occupying a crouching posture which is probably little-altered from its original death position. This and the depositional environment of the skeleton, a broad, fast-flowing river, suggest that the animal died in relatively shallow water and was very rapidly buried in river sediments. Based on the known European record of typical (large-sized) M. trogontherii of this kind, the age of the Kostolac skeleton and its enclosing sediments is between 1.0 and 0.4 Ma. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. Source

Rivals F.,Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies | Rivals F.,Institute Catala Of Paleoecologia Humana I Evolucio Social Iphes | Rivals F.,Rovira i Virgili University | Mol D.,Natural History Museum Rotterdam | And 3 more authors.
Quaternary International | Year: 2015

This paper presents the results from a tooth microwear analysis of three proboscideans (Mammuthus rumanus, Mammuthus meridionalis, and Anancus arvernensis) from four Early Pleistocene localities in Europe (Red Crag, Norwich Crag, Chilhac, and Eastern Scheldt). The particularity of these four localities is that mammoths and gomphotheres co-occur. The quantitative microwear data (numbers of pits and scratches) were informative about the broad feeding traits in each species. For both genera studied, diets range from strict browsing (including leaf and fruit browsing) to grass-dominated mixed feeding. These data reveal highly variable dietary traits in the mammoths and gomphotheres studied, but the qualitative results provide evidence of differences between the two sympatric genera. We were able to identify the consumption of fruits, seeds, bark and twigs in A. arvernensis, and the ingestion of high quantities of grit in M. rumanus and M. meridionalis which is most likely related to open or semi-open habitats. The data also support the hypothesis that resource partitioning existed between mammoths and gomphotheres when they co-occurred at a locality. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. Source

den Ouden N.,Netherlands Center for Biodiversity | Reumer J.W.F.,Natural History Museum Rotterdam | Reumer J.W.F.,University Utrecht | van den Hoek Ostende L.W.,Netherlands Center for Biodiversity
Quaternary International | Year: 2012

A trend toward a smaller body size and increased sexual dimorphism for the latest populations of woolly mammoth is mentioned in the literature. This paper reviews the evidence using dental data, and concludes that dental data do not show this trend. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. Source

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