Natural History Museum of Montenegro

Podgorica, Montenegro

Natural History Museum of Montenegro

Podgorica, Montenegro
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Dragicevic S.,Natural History Museum of Montenegro | Vulevic A.,University of Montenegro | Cakovic D.,University of Montenegro
Cryptogamie, Bryologie | Year: 2017

A new species for Montenegro, Crossocalyx hellerianus was recorded during a bryological field investigation of the Durmitor Mountains. To our knowledge this is the first record of the genus Crossocalyx for the bryophyte flora of Montenegro. We report the distribution of C. hellerianus in the Mediterranean region, and provide a short description of the ecology of the species and its Montenegrin population. © 2017 Adac. Tous droits réservés.

The alien flora of Montenegro is enlarged by 5 new species: Coreopsis tinctoria, Ipomoea indica, Lupinus × regalis, Physalis angulata, and Solidago canadensis. All species are grown as ornamentals, and thus horticulture is considered the most possible pathway for their introduction. Nevertheless, in the case of Physalis angulata, the occurrence might have originated in the remains of picnic meals. In order to define the alien status of these species, monitoring is needed, and thus we propose including the species on the National List of Indicators in environmental protection. Special attention should be paid to the species with invasive potentials: Solidago canadensis, Ipomoea indica and Physalis angulata. © 2017 by Danijela Stešević.

Bubanja N.,Natural History Museum of Montenegro | Jogan N.,University of Ljubljana | Lukovic M.,University of Kragujevac | Silc U.,Institute of Biology
Hacquetia | Year: 2017

Cutandia maritima is a circum-Mediterranean species that inhabits sandy dunes along the coast line. It is fairly frequent on the western Adriatic coast but fairly rare and possibly even non-native in the east. In Croatia, it was discovered in 1990 in Crnika Bay on the island of Rab, which was considered until 2005 to be the only site on the eastern Adriatic coast from the Gulf of Trieste in the north to Corfu in the south. In 2009, the species was briefly reported for Velika plaža (Long Beach) in Ulcinj (Montenegro) but without details about the habitat type and synecology. The aim of this paper is thus to provide a deeper insight into the ecology and synecology of C. maritima in the eastern Adriatic part of the distribution area. On Velika plaža in Ulcinj, the species was found along the whole sea-inland gradient of sand dunes, in various types of vegetation: [1210] - annual vegetation of drift lines, [2110] - embryonic shifting dunes, [2120] - shifting dunes with Ammophila arenaria (white dunes), [2220] - dunes with Euphorbia terracina, [2130∗] - fixed coastal dunes with herbaceous vegetation (grey dunes), and also [2190] - humid dune slacks. © by Danijela Stešević 2017.

Cakovic D.,University of Montenegro | Stesevic D.,University of Montenegro | Vuksanovic S.,Natural History Museum of Montenegro | Tan K.,Copenhagen University
Acta Botanica Croatica | Year: 2014

During field investigations on Long Ulcinj Beach, Montenegrin coast, three taxa new to Montenegrin flora were collected: Colchicum cupanii Guss. subsp. glossophyllum (Heldr.) Rouy, Datura innoxia Mill. and Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. The first species is native to Europe, while the others are alien. Colchicum cupanii subsp. glossophyllum is an endemic of the Balkan Peninsula, with a distribution formerly restricted to Greece and Albania, so this new record extends its distribution to the north-west. The distribution of Eclipta prostrata in the Balkans is also enlarged by this new record for Montenegro, in a westerly direction. Copyright® 2014 by Acta Botanica Croatica, the Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb. All rights reserved.

Dragicevic S.,Natural History Museum of Montenegro | Papp B.,Hungarian Natural History Museum | Erzberger P.,Belziger Str. 37
Acta Botanica Croatica | Year: 2012

The present paper is a contribution to the knowledge of the distribution of the moss species Buxbaumia viridis in Montenegro. The records are from 14 known sites at elevations over 1300 m a.s.l. in the northern and north-eastern parts of the country. Population size is remarkable in Durmitor National Park at Crno jezero lake, where sporophytes can be found on ca 50 tree trunks. © 2012 by Acta Botanica Croatica, the Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb.

Papp B.,Hungarian Natural History Museum | Erzberger P.,Belziger Str. 37 | Dragicevic S.,Natural History Museum of Montenegro
Polish Botanical Journal | Year: 2013

During field trips made in 2007 and 2008 to the Bjelasica Mts, 318 bryophyte taxa (84 liverworts and 234 mosses) were collected. Twenty three taxa are reported here for the first time for Montenegro. Eight of the species recorded are redlisted in Europe.

The male of Crematogaster auberti savinae Zimmermann, 1934 is described for the first time and the worker of this subspecies is redescribed. Crematogaster sordidula mayri (Mayr, 1853) is synonymised with C. sordidula sordidula (Nylander, 1849). Geographical distribution of the genus Crematogaster in Montenegro (C. gordani Karaman, 2008, Crematogaster ionia Forel, 1911, C. montenigrinus Karaman, 2008, C. schmidti (Mayr, 1853a), C. auberti savinae Zimmermann, 1934, C. jehovae Forel, 1907 and C. sordidula (Nylander, 1849) is presented. Identification key based on workers is composed for all the species of Crematogaster distributed in Southern Europe.

The species number, zoogeographical composition and vertical distribution of the ant fauna of the Mediterranean and the oro-Mediterranean part of Montenegro were investigated. A total number of 87 species and subspecies belonging to 28 genera and 4 subfamilies (Ponerinae, Myrmicinae, Dolichoderinae, Formicinae) are recorded. The species belong to 15 zoogeographical elements within the three main zoogeographical zones: Mixed and deciduous forest zone; Mediterranean zone; and Coniferous high mountainous forest zone. Overall species richness is inversely proportional with the altitude. The Mediterranean elements are dominant at the coastal region, and almost absent above 500 m altitude. The species richness of the mixed and deciduous forest zone was the highest at about 700 - 1100 m altitude. The coniferous element is scarce due to the sporadic true coniferous forests in the oro-Mediterranean zone of Montenegro. © 2011 NwjZ, Oradea, Romania.

Taxonomy, morphology and the geographic distribution of four species of the Crematogaster scutellaris group of species, ant genus Crematogaster, in Crna Gora (Montenegro) are presented. Specimens were collected from various localities in Montenegro during the period 1977-2008. The synonymy, distribution, number of collected specimens and the collector are given for each species. Morphology of genitalia of Crematogaster gordani Karaman, 2008, and new information related to the discrimination of males of two sibling species, C. gordani and Crematogaster schmidti (Mayr 1853) are given.

Bystriakova N.,Natural History Museum in London | Peregrym M.,Taras Shevchenko National University | Dragicevic S.,Natural History Museum of Montenegro
Flora: Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to explore the way in which environmental aspects influence distributions of rock flora of the Mediterranean basin, using the genus Asplenium as a study system. Using the most comprehensive dataset to date built with the data from museum collections and those obtained in the course of a field survey, we identified patterns of species richness, carried out multivariate analysis, and fitted generalised linear models to the presence/pseudo-absence and abundance data of the three wide-spread taxa. We complemented the information on climatic preferences of the Asplenium ferns by phytosociological data.Based on their distributions in the ecological space defined by temperature- and precipitation-related variables, the Asplenium ferns known for Montenegro were assigned to the three groups: coastal species, generalist, and highland species. Within these groups, no further niche differentiation could be detected given the available environmental factors. Phytosociological information from herbarium specimens was consistent with the results of the multivariate ecological analysis. Non-climatic environmental factors were limiting the distributions of the Asplenium ferns on the country-size scale, but were not statistically significant in separating niches among the species. Our results showed a significant impact of water deficit on the distributions of the two morphologically distinct and locally abundant species; these species can be recommended as potential indicators of the increasing water deficit stress in the European Mediterranean climate. Species richness patterns of the spleenworts of Montenegro suggested that the whole country was important for maintaining the diversity of this group of plants.This study demonstrates the value of natural history collections combined with field data to inform ecological research. For the first time, a numerical analysis of the data concerning distribution and abundance of the most common and wide-spread European ferns of the genus Asplenium in an area with the typical Mediterranean climate was carried out. © 2015 Elsevier GmbH.

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