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Brasília, Brazil

Libanio P.A.C.,National Water Agency ANA
Water International | Year: 2015

This article examines the use of output-based aid and payment for environmental services to reduce water pollution in Brazil. Two nationwide initiatives are reviewed. First, the output-based aid concept of the River Basin Clean-up Programme (PRODES) to tackle the problem of sanitation deficit in urban areas is presented. Second, the payment for environmental services scheme supported by Brazil’s National Water Agency (ANA) through the Water Producer Programme to promote water conservation on rural properties is discussed. Both programmes are evaluated not only as financing mechanisms for water conservation but also as strategies for implementing Brazil’s water policy. © 2015 International Water Resources Association. Source


Libanio P.A.C.,National Water Agency ANA
Water International | Year: 2014

Water policy in Brazil has delivered few positive outcomes in terms of the sustainable use of water resources, in spite of real progress in the consolidation of a democratic water governance system over the past decades. There are many reasons for this, most of them related to unsuccessful attempts to consolidate integrated water resources management practices. Water managers have a critical decision to make in the next years: to strengthen the existing decentralized and participatory water governance system, using innovative approaches to promote integrated water resources management; or to replace it with another, more centralized institutional model focusing on state actors. © 2014 © 2014 International Water Resources Association. Source

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