Dushanbe, Tajikistan
Dushanbe, Tajikistan

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Nor S.A.M.,Hakim Ferdowsi of Farhangian University | Shah D.R.,National University of Tajikistan
Life Science Journal | Year: 2012

Understanding of potentials and capabilities of each geographical area in all economic, human, and natural fields helps researchers and planners to identify and introduce the directions of development in that area according to current state and local strengths. Tourism is an effective part in the process of economic development. This industry is the world's largest and most popular service industry that inattention or less attention to its tacit and explicit achievements is inexcusable. Reasonably, this industry should be seriously taken into account in order to achieve short-term and long-term economic gains. This paper aims to study the tourism strengths of Isfahan Province. Isfahan is of great importance due to the many tourism attractions and its position in national and transnational level. The research was done in form of a survey and data were collected using questionnaires. Obtained data and information was analyzed using SWOT model. The results showed that Isfahan, given its unique environmental, historical, and cultural capabilities and talents, can become a national and regional tourism hub by proper planning with investment of public and private sectors.

Ghasemi G.,Islamic Azad University at Sabzevar | Ghasemi G.,National University of Tajikistan | Tehrani R.,Islamic Azad University at Sabzevar
Life Science Journal | Year: 2013

In a knowledge-based organization, where, knowledge forms a large part of the amount and quality of organization's profitability, traditional accounting methods, which are based on tangible assets and information of previous operations of the organization, are incapable of valuing intellectual capital as their most valuable assets. Therefore, the intellectual capital approach is the most comprehensive for organizations who want to know their profitability capacities better. The fundamental importance of this study is the lack of intellectual capital items in the financial statements of the companies as well as a huge gap between book value and market value. In the past, tangible assets had higher importance but today, large part of organizations' assets are intangible assets thus, in today's economy, organizations success depend on the way of managing these assets.

Ashrafi F.,Payame Noor University | Ghasemi A.S.,Payame Noor University | Babanejad S.A.,Payame Noor University | Rahimof M.,National University of Tajikistan
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology | Year: 2010

Carbon nanotubes (CN Ts) are one of the most significant achievements of nano-technology because of his important applications in the design of electronic nano-devices. The study of their properties is therefore important. In this investigation the Density Functional Theory (DFT) of electron and the Hartree-Fock (HF) method are utilized to study the adsorption of nitrogen molecules on the surface of (4, 4) and (5, 0) carbon nanotubes. The electronic structure, single point and dipole moment of both nitrogen and carbon nuclei are thoroughly studied. The computational results, which includes, indicate that rich adsorption patterns m ay result from the interaction of nitrogen with the carbon nanotubes. Sometimes C-N bounds are formed via breaking C-C bounds and sometimes a carbon atom in the nanotube is replaced by a nitrogen atom. Sometimes nitrogen atoms are attracted to a C-C bound. In summary, the optimized adsorption rates are calculated. Gaussian 98 software has been used to carry out quantum chemistry calculations. © Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2010.

Rezaeian M.J.,National University of Tajikistan
Life Science Journal | Year: 2013

Media diplomacy is a leverage the has found more complex aspects in the information society, and we can no longer expect it to directly affect "target society",i.e. third world, with a "predetermined goal" through "traditional media" as the era of psychological operations or propaganda, but the purpose of media diplomacy has not changed: "changing attitude of audience" and finally the" accompanying audiences" or the target society is still the fixed purpose of media diplomacy or internet diplomacy in today's cyber space. However, the challenges of identity and especially effectiveness of the media diplomacy in the framework of investing on "mainstream media" and the use of "direct and indirect methods," still remains and its scope increasingly continues. The relationship of media diplomacy with the Pavlov's theory of "conditioning" and Chomsky - Herman's theory of "news filters" are other aspects that criticizes the identity of media diplomacy. Besides, "social networking" as the newest media, namely "the most complex media" which have proven themselves in the field of international conflicts, have brought two questions. These two questions show that, social networks as the new leverages in the field of media diplomacy do not have the same effectiveness of traditional media in media diplomacy. Do social networks are "opportunities" or "threats"? (yahya kamalipour & nancy snow, 2004). Developments in Tunisia and Egypt may raise another answer which proves that, media diplomacy is not as effective as it was before Internet era.

Karimi S.M.,National University of Tajikistan
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2012

Micro-finance programs not only give women and men access to savings and credit, but reach millions of people worldwide bringing them together regularly in organized groups. The establishment of micro credit fund with participation of rural people would help deprived population and enhance their capacity and entrepreneurship potential. Rural credit cooperatives (RCC's) play an important role in rural development process in Iran. This paper presents the process of rural credit cooperatives plans in Iran with particular emphasis on Mazandaran province. The goals of the proposed Rural Finance Sector plans and Development Program are to ensure sustainable access to institutional financial services for a majority of rural households. Under the pilot program, RCCs in Mazandaran were consolidated in accordance with the eighth chapter of 1350 cooperative rules.

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