The National University of Singapore is a comprehensive research university located in Singapore, being the flagship tertiary institution of the country which has a global approach to education and research. Founded in 1905, it is the oldest higher learning institute in Singapore, as well as the largest university in the country in terms of student enrolment and curriculum offered. It was ranked as the best university in Asia by QS University Rankings in 2014.The university's main campus is located in southwest Singapore at Kent Ridge, with an area of approximately 1.83 km2 . The Bukit Timah campus houses the Faculty of Law, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy and research institutes, while the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore is located at the Outram campus. Wikipedia.
Brigham, Women's Hospital, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and National University of Singapore | Date: 2017-02-01
Described herein are methods and compositions which lead to the efficient ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic cells, such as hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells HSPCs. Using combinations of small molecule drugs and cytokines/growth factors/grown factors targeting epigenetic status in cells, significant improvements in the expansion of cells was observed, including cells isolated from human cord blood or peripheral mobilized stem/progenitor cells. Multiple genes implicated in HSPC function were unperturbed, and efficiency of genomic editing using lentivirus was greatly enhanced following treatment. These novel approaches could be used therapeutically in a variety of hematopoietic transplantation settings, in addition to benefiting gene therapy techniques.
National University of Singapore | Date: 2017-05-10
Characterizing, identifying, or diagnosing the type and/or nature of a sample or a tissue such as an abnormal growth using a Raman spectrum includes analyzing distinct spectral subintervals within the Raman spectrum in two distinct wavelength ranges, such as FP and HW wavelength ranges, to identify a match with one or more reference markers in one or both wavelength ranges; and from the match characterizing, identifying, or diagnosing the type and/or nature of the sample or tissue. FP and HW Raman spectra can be detected or acquired simultaneously using a single diffraction grating.
Iridex Corporation, National University Hospital Singapore and National University of Singapore | Date: 2017-05-03
Systems, devices, and methods for treating a glaucomatous eye are provided. Embodiments may provide a treatment probe for treating an eye of a patient. The treatment probe may have an elongate body with a contact surface at a distal end of the elongate body. A treatment fiber or light source may be housed in the treatment probe and may be configured to direct treatment energy from the contact surface. The contact surface may be configured to couple to a surface of the eye to deliver the energy into the target area. In many embodiments the contact surface may have a convex configuration with a rounded outer shape and edge that facilitates the sweeping of the probe surface across the eye during treatment delivery. In some embodiments the probe may be swept in arc motions while delivering treatment energy to the eye.
National University of Singapore and Agency For Science | Date: 2017-03-15
The present invention relates, in various embodiments, to methods of producing a tissue-mimetic construct having a basement membrane, methods of producing an acellular scaffold containing an extracellular matrix (ECM), methods of producing a scaffold comprising a hydrogel that is enriched in ECM components, methods of treating a condition in a subject in need thereof with a tissue-mimetic construct having a basement membrane, and methods of assessing whether an agent is suitable for administering to a tissue. The invention further relates to tissue-mimetic constructs and scaffolds produced in accordance with the methods of the invention.
National University of Singapore and St Jude Childrens Research Hospital | Date: 2017-03-22
The present invention provides, in certain aspects, a natural killer (NK) cell that expresses all or a functional portion of interleukin-15 (IL-15), and methods for producing such cells. The invention further provides methods of using a natural killer (NK) cell that expresses all or a functional portion of interleukin-15 (IL-15) to treat cancer in a subject or to enhance expansion and/or survival of NK cells.
National University of Singapore | Date: 2017-03-06
The present embodiments demonstrate systems and methods for automated text correction. In certain embodiments, the methods and systems may be implemented through analysis according to a single text correction model. In a particular embodiment, the single text correction model may be generated through analysis of both a corpus of learner text and a corpus of non-learner text.
Agency For Science, National University of Singapore and National University Hospital Singapore | Date: 2017-06-14
Disclosed are methods of determining the likelihood of a subject having or developing a gastric cancer. The methods comprise measuring the expression level of at least one miRNA having at least 90% sequence identity with an miRNA as described herein in a non-cellular biofluid sample obtained from the subject, wherein differential expression of miRNA expression in the sample obtained from the subject, as compared to a control, may be indicative of the subject having gastric cancer and wherein the miRNA may be either an miRNA listed as up-regulated or an miRNA listed as down- regulated. Also disclosed is a method of determining the likelihood of a subject having or developing a stage of a gastric cancer.
Nanyang Technological University and National University of Singapore | Date: 2017-06-28
The present invention provides a method for determining the presence of a microorganism in a sample using an electrochemically active reporter, wherein the method comprises (a) contacting the sample with an electrochemically active reporter, wherein the electrochemically active reporter is a conjugate comprising a sugar moiety and a redox active reporter moiety that are covalently linked such that the covalent bond can be enzymatically cleaved in the presence of the microorganism by an enzyme expressed by the microorganism, wherein the redox active reporter moiety is selected from the group consisting of resorufin and compounds of formula (I) as defined herein, under conditions that allow enzymatic cleavage of the covalent bond between the sugar moiety and the redox active reporter moiety and reduction of the redox active report moiety in the presence of the microorganism; (b) electrochemically determining the released redox active reporter moiety; and (c) determining the presence of the microorganism and, optionally, number of the microorganisms in the sample based on the determined released redox active reporter moiety. Also encompassed are the electrochemically active reporters used in the described methods and their use for determination of the presence of microorganisms in a sample.
National University of Singapore | Date: 2017-07-19
Gastro-duodenal implants of the present disclosure are configured to resiliently absorb / redistribute gastrointestinal forces, and can include a first retention structure configured to reside in the stomach, and a second retention structure configured for positioning adjacent to the pyloric sphincter on the pyloric openings duodenal side. Resilient coupling members (e.g., one or more springs) can resiliently bias the first portion away from the second portion (e.g., to maintain the first portion at a default separation distance away from the second portion or the pyloric sphincter). The first portion can be deformable, such as by way of resilient elements that couple frame members, or ellipsoidal / toroidal elements within a flexible assembly. In an embodiment, the first portion includes a compressible fluidly distortable structure configured to adaptively deform (e.g., compress or expand as a result of fluid displacement within the first retention structure).
National University of Singapore and Institute Pasteur Of Lille | Date: 2017-04-03
A CyaA-deficient B. pertussis mutant was constructed and used in a vaccine. The pertussis-specific antibody profile and Th17 response induced by vaccination with the mutant was surprisingly comparable to that induced by B. pertussis strains not deficient in CyaA.