Villa General Belgrano, Argentina

National University of Rio Negro
Villa General Belgrano, Argentina

The National University of Río Negro is a public institution of higher learning located in Río Negro Province, Argentina, and established in 2007 as part of a plan to geographically diversify Argentina's National University system.The university maintains campuses throughout Río Negro Province, one of Argentina's most-sparsely populated: Bariloche, Choele Choel, El Bolsón, General Roca, San Antonio Oeste, Viedma, and Villa Regina. The school offers 25 undergraduate courses and one post-graduate. Wikipedia.

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Zurriaguz V.,National University of Rio Negro
Cretaceous Research | Year: 2017

The idea that titanosaurs had osteoderms was proposed in the late nineteenth century by Depéret. However, this idea was given little credence by other researchers until 1980 when unequivocal evidence of armoured titanosaurs was reported. Since then, many discoveries of titanosaurian osteoderms have been made worldwide. In this work, seven osteoderms are described from the Allen Formation (upper Campanian–lower Maastrichtian), Salitral Moreno locality, Río Negro Province, Argentina. Among the described osteoderms it was possible to recognize three morphologies (keeled, ellipsoidal and cylindrical), with the first of these being most prevalent. Although the osteoderms from Salitral Moreno resemble osteoderms found in other parts of the world, no osteoderms of a similar morphotype are known from this locality, or from Lago Pellegrini or Cinco Saltos. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Cruzado-Caballero P.,National University of Rio Negro
Journal of Iberian Geology | Year: 2017

Purpose: Although the hadrosaurid record is more abundant in the Northern Hemisphere than in the Southern Hemisphere, it is in Argentina that most remains have been discovered, specifically in Patagonia. This record is characterized by an extensive geographical distribution of sites, some of them with abundant remains, many of which have been assigned to a high taxonomic level as indeterminate hadrosauroids or hadrosaurids. Despite the abundance of indeterminate remains, three hadrosaurid species are recorded between Río Negro, La Pampa and Chubut provinces. Method: Here, new cranial and postcranial remains from indeterminate hadrosauroids, hadrosaurids and euhadrosaurians deposited in several museums Río Negro Province are presented and described here. Results and Conclusions: These new remains increase the distribution and abundance of these dinosaurs in Argentina and highlight the need for an in-depth revision of the history and evolution of this ornithopod clade in South America. © 2017, Springer International Publishing AG.

Gordillo S.,National University of Cordoba | Archuby F.,National University of Rio Negro
Acta Palaeontologica Polonica | Year: 2012

To achieve a better understanding of predation pattern recorded in the fossil record it is essential to study predator-prey interactions in the modern seas. It includes the data collected from the field observations as well as from the experiments in captivity. Such an approach allows recognition of the bioeroders, its description and also provides quantification of these interactions. This work offers a case study of the traces of predation resulting from the predator-prey interactions between three mussels: Mytilus chilensis, Brachidontes purpuratus, and Aulacomya atra; and their five natural enemies: the gas- tropods Trophon geversianus, Xymenopsis muriciformis, and Acanthina monodon, and the asteroids Cosmasterias lurida and Anasterias antarctica living along the intertidal and/or subtidal rocky shores in Tierra del Fuego. The predatory dam- age to mussel shells varies according to the predator and prey species and techniques for attacking prey are highly special- ized. A. monodon drills a hole in B. purpuratus but uses the outer lip of its shell as a wedge to open the valves of M. chilensis and A. atra. T. geversianus always makes holes, but while it drills the valve walls of M. chilensis, it prefers to drill the valve edges of A. atra and B. purpuratus, with different characteristic patterns. Usually the shells of mussels killed by C. lurida do not suffer from any mechanical damage, but some other shells were crushed or fractured along the margins. Comparatively, time required to successfully attack a prey was shorter in C. lurida (24 hours), followed by A. monodon (36 hours), and longer in T. geversianus (9 to 10 days). Traces of predation are not randomly distributed across size classes of mussel prey, reflecting selectivity for a particular size class. Also, drill holes are usually placed at specific sectors of the shell, indicating site selectivity. These observations offer some paleontological implications for investigating the pattern of predation in fossil record. They show that different patterns of shell damage can be due to different predator species (e.g., wall vs. edge drillings), although the same predator species can leave different marks when consuming different prey (e.g., T. geversianus). Most disconcerting for paleontologists are cases of predation which do not leave any marks on the prey shell detectable in the fossil record (e.g., predation by asteroids), or leave ambiguous marks (A. monodon when preying with the spine). In conclusion, besides the opportunity to identify some traces of predation by drilling gastropods in fossil mussels, this work gives criteria to address predation in some particular paleontological cases that would otherwise be dismissed by researchers.

Ponce J.J.,National University of Rio Negro | Carmona N.,CONICET
Geology | Year: 2011

In this paper we present an outcrop example of coarse-grained sediment waves generated by hyperpycnal discharges at the toe of Miocene clinoform systems exposed in the northeast Atlantic coast of Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. An individual set of these sediment waves is formed during the waxing and waning phases of the hyperpycnal discharge. During the waxing phase, accumulation of coarse-grained sediments with generation and migration of dune bedforms occurs at the base of the clinoforms. These deposits show transitions of tractive sedimentary structures with evidence of bedload transport, and a continuous reworking by the overpassing hyperpycnal flow. The continued erosion and reworking during the waxing phase affect mainly the top and the stoss side of the dunes, resulting in isolated lenses having upcurrent aggradation structures. During the waning phase, these isolated lenses are covered by fine-grained heterolithic strata that are thicker on the stoss side than on the lee side, constituting a differential draping. The pulsating and sustained character of the hyperpycnal flows and the steep depositional slope clinoforms controlled the stacking pattern of the coarse-grained sediment waves during successive hyperpycnal events. In this way, small-scale, coarse-grained sediment waves, with wavelengths of 10-40 m and up to 5 m amplitude, and a stacking pattern showing an up-current growth, are generated by high-density hyperpycnal flows on slopes having steep gradients. © 2011 Geological Society of America.

Morales C.L.,CONICET | Arbetman M.P.,CONICET | Arbetman M.P.,National University of Rio Negro | Cameron S.A.,Urbana University | Aizen M.A.,CONICET
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment | Year: 2013

Despite rising global concerns over the potential impacts of non-native bumble bee (Bombus spp) introductions on native species, large-scale and long-term assessments of the consequences of such introductions are lacking. Bombus ruderatus and Bombus terrestris were sequentially introduced into Chile and later entered Argentina's Patagonian region. A large-scale survey in Patagonia reveals that, in 5 years post-arrival, the highly invasive B terrestris has become the most abundant and widespread Bombus species, and its southward spread is concurrent with the geographic retraction of the only native species, Bombus dahlbomii. Furthermore, a 20-year survey of pollinators of the endemic herb Alstroemeria aurea in northern Patagonia indicates that B ruderatus and B terrestris have replaced B dahlbomii, formerly the most abundant pollinator. Although the decline's underlying mechanisms remain unknown, the potential roles of exploitative competition and pathogen co-introduction cannot be ruled out. Given that invasive bumble bees can rapidly extirpate native congeners, further introductions should be discouraged. © The Ecological Society of America.

Fernandez M.S.,CONICET | Talevi M.,National University of Rio Negro
Comptes Rendus - Palevol | Year: 2015

Halisaurinae is a subfamily of enigmatic, small- to medium-sized mosasauroids, which retain a mosaic of primitive and derived features. The first record of a South American Halisaurus with precise stratigraphic information includes a quadrate carrying a tympanic disc together with twelve vertebrae, collected in the Late Maastrichtian of Jagüel Formation in northern Patagonia (Argentina). The preservation of a tympanic disc allows exploring and discussing the mechanisms of sound transmission in these mosasauroids. The location of the tympanic disc resembles that one formed by the extracolumella of aquatic turtles and at least one extant lizard. Based on morphological comparison of the middle ear we discuss previous hypotheses on the modification of the tympanic middle ear system of mosasauroids for underwater hearing, in a manner similar to that observed in aquatic turtles. © 2015 Académie des sciences.

Murriello S.,National University of Rio Negro
Public Understanding of Science | Year: 2015

Understanding the dialogue between museums and their visitors enables museums to subsist, undergo transformations and become consolidated as socially valued cultural venues. The Museo de La Plata (Argentina) was created in the late nineteenth century as a natural history museum, and this study shows that currently the museum is valued socially as a venue for family leisure and education, at which people make sense to the objects exhibited through characteristics conferred upon them by both the institution and the visitor. Nevertheless, such dialogue is somehow affected by the museographic proposal and the public interpretation of the institutional narrative, which could be analysed within the frame of contextual learning. As a consequence, the evolutionary idea that the museum aims to communicate is distorted by the public. This article highlights the importance of considering the visitors’ interpretations when planning museum exhibitions, a perspective that has been rather absent in the Argentinian museums. © The Author(s) 2015.

Fernandez M.S.,Museo de la Plata | Talevi M.,National University of Rio Negro
Geological Magazine | Year: 2014

The oldest ophthalmosaurian records worldwide have been recovered from the Aalenian-Bajocian boundary of the Neuquén Basin in Central-West Argentina (Mendoza and Neuquén provinces). Although scarce, they document a poorly known period in the evolutionary history of parvipelvian ichthyosaurs. In this contribution we present updated information on these fossils, including a phylogenetic analysis, and a redescription of 'Stenopterygius grandis' Cabrera, 1939. Patagonian ichthyosaur occurrences indicate that during the Bajocian the Neuquén Basin palaeogulf, on the southern margins of the Palaeopacific Ocean, was inhabited by at least three morphologically discrete taxa: the slender Stenopterygius cayi, robust ophthalmosaurian Mollesaurus periallus and another indeterminate ichthyosaurian. Rib bone tissue structure indicates that rib cages of Bajocian ichthyosaurs included forms with dense rib microstructure (Mollesaurus) and forms with an 'osteoporotic-like' pattern (Stenopterygius cayi). Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013.

During the Mesozoic, one of the most significant evolutionary processes was the secondary adaptation of tetrapods to life in water. Several non-related lineages invaded from the terrestrial realms and from the oceans of the entire world. Among these lineages, ichthyosaurs were particularly successful. Advance parvipelvian ichthyosaurs were the first tetrapods to evolve a fish-shaped body profile. The deep skeletal modifications of their bodies, as well as their biology, depict advance ichthyosaurs as the paradigm of secondary adaptation of reptiles tomarine life. Functional inferences point to themas off-shore cruising forms, similar to a living tuna, and some of them were capable of deep diving. Bone histology of some genera such as Temnodontosaurus, Stenopterygius, Ichthyosaurus, and Caypullisaurus, characterized by overall cancellous bone, is consistent with the idea of a fish-shaped ichthyosaurs as fast and far cruisers. Here, we provide histological examination of the ribs of the Middle Jurassic parvipelvian Mollesaurus. Contrasting with the bone histology of other parvipelvian, Mollesaurus ribs are characterized by a compact and thick cortex. Our data indicate that the rib cage was heavy and suggest that not all advanced ichthyosaurs were fast cruisers. The compact and dense ribs in these parvipelvian show that advance ichthyosaurs were ecologically more diverse than previously thought and that the lightening of the skeleton reversed, as also occurred in the evolution of cetacean, at least once along the evolutionary history of ichthyosaurs. © Springer-Verlag 2012.

Raviolo A.,National University of Rio Negro
Educacion Quimica | Year: 2012

This paper extends the didactic applications of spreadsheet in chemistry teaching. Four activities are presented: (a) searching and critical analysis of simulations, (b) verification of simulations, (c) re-creation of simulations and (d) overcome of the original simulations. The activities with spreadsheets are accessible and relatively simple for students and teachers. © Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

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