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Maseru, Lesotho

The National University of Lesotho is in Roma some 34 kilometers southeast of Maseru, the capital of Lesotho. The Roma valley is broad and is surrounded by a barrier of rugged mountains which provides magnificent scenery. The university enjoys a temperate climate with four distinct seasons. The governing body of the University is the Council and academic policy is in the hands of Senate, both Council and Senate being established by the Act. Wikipedia.

This article reports the application of a mixed-solvent ‘bubble-in-drop single drop micro-extraction’ method for pre-concentration of stilbene hormones – hexestrol and diethylstilbestrol from the water sample collected downstream of the cattle slaughterhouse. The optimised conditions for extraction included 75% chloroform–toluene mixture, 2:1 drop–bubble ratio, 10% NaCl, pH 5.5 and 20 min of static extraction. The extraction demonstrated sufficient linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9992), reproducibility and reliability (%RSD < 10%). The enrichment factors between 3218 and 3987 were observed under optimised conditions using the real samples. The observed limit of detection values were in the range of 0.025–0.075 ng/mL using the S/N ratio approach, while the limit of quantification values were in the range of 0.083–0.25 ng/mL. These values are comparable or lower than those reported in the available literature. Application of the method to real samples from the stream did not detect any analytes. These results, however, do not free the slaughterhouse operators from the requirement that they maintain necessary measures to prevent potential pollution of water bodies if these hormones are indeed used, and could still be active in the animal at the time of slaughtering. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Source

Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is identified as an important instrument for facilitating environmental protection and sustainable development. However, since its emergence there has been a growing interest in examining its translation from theory into practice. This paper reviews the translation of mitigation measures proposed in environmental impact statements (EISs) into planning conditions at two platinum mining and processing projects along the Great Dyke of Zimbabwe. By comparing mitigation measures proposed in EISs and those included in environmental management plans (EMPs), examining views of environmental managers and local residents, as well as field observations the mitigation implementation status is verified and evaluated. Results show that 52% of mitigation measures proposed in EISs and mostly procedural are translated into planning conditions. Residents near the platinum processing plant were not satisfied with the mitigation of sulphur dioxide, dust and noise impacts on their health. The need to incorporate and enforce substantive mitigation measures in EISs and planning conditions is recommended for the future. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Nic Eoin L.,University of Oxford | King R.,University of Oxford | King R.,National University of Lesotho
World Archaeology | Year: 2013

After ten years and extensive debate of UNESCO's Convention on the Safeguarding of the Intangible Heritage (2003), workable definitions and frameworks for safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) are either emergent or non-existent. This is particularly significant in the case of heritage mitigation associated with large-scale construction projects: where these entail population resettlement and/or landscape loss, recording ICH is necessary both for impact assessment and mitigation and for helping impacted-upon communities cope with trauma. Nevertheless, there is little discussion of how to implement ICH safeguarding frameworks in salvage contexts.This paper focuses on attempts to record ICH impacted upon by western Lesotho's Metolong Dam. We highlight the practical shortcomings of existing ICH definitions and safeguarding protocols. We discuss the methodology used at Metolong and its ethical entailments, and take inspiration from UNESCO policy (and debates thereupon) and other sources in an attempt to find a workable framework for ICH recording in development contexts. © 2013 © Taylor & Francis. Source

Matoetoe M.C.,National University of Lesotho
Materials Science Forum | Year: 2010

Dye doped polymers (DCPs) has a wide application based on their optical and electrochemical properties. Dye sensitisation of conducting polymeric materials has gained a wide theoretical interest and practical application in sensors and solar cell technology. This review gives a broad summary on synthesis, the effect of the presence of dye in the polymer (properties, structure and conductivity), application in sensors and dye sensitised solar cells. Different sensing modes are also discussed as well as the effects of post polymer modification with dyes in sensors. In solar cells, the role of DCPs in light harvesting is summarised using examples. Finally, perspectives and the advantages of dye modification or sensitisation of polymers in sensors and solar cells are included. © (2010) Trans Tech Publications. Source

Mugomeri E.,National University of Lesotho
CIN - Computers Informatics Nursing | Year: 2016

Health systems worldwide are moving toward use of information technology to improve healthcare delivery. However, this requires basic computer skills. This study assessed the computer literacy of nurses in Lesotho using a cross-sectional quantitative approach. A structured questionnaire with 32 standardized computer skills was distributed to 290 randomly selected nurses in Maseru District. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses in Stata 13 were performed to identify factors associated with having inadequate computer skills. Overall, 177 (61%) nurses scored below 16 of the 32 skills assessed. Finding hyperlinks on Web pages (63%), use of advanced search parameters (60.2%), and downloading new software (60.1%) proved to be challenging to the highest proportions of nurses. Age, sex, year of obtaining latest qualification, computer experience, and work experience were significantly (P < .05) associated with inadequate computer skills in univariate analysis. However, in multivariate analyses, sex (P = .001), year of obtaining latest qualification (P = .011), and computer experience (P < .001) emerged as significant factors. The majority of nurses in Lesotho have inadequate computer skills, and this is significantly associated with having many years since obtaining their latest qualification, being female, and lack of exposure to computers. These factors should be considered during planning of training curriculum for nurses in Lesotho. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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