Duchowicz P.R.,Institute Investigaciones Fisicoquimicas Teoricas y Aplicadas INIFTA |
Giraudo M.A.,National University of Lanus |
Castro E.A.,Institute Investigaciones Fisicoquimicas Teoricas y Aplicadas INIFTA |
Pomilio A.B.,University of Buenos Aires
Food Chemistry | Year: 2013
Quantitative structure-property relationships (QSPRs) were applied to the aminograms obtained by HPLC in our laboratories for Torrontés and Merlot wines. Dragon theoretical descriptors were derived for a set of optimized amino acid structures with the purpose of establishing QSPR models. The statistical Replacement Method was used for designing the best multi-parametric linear regression models, which included structural features selected from a pool containing 1497 constitutional, topological, geometrical or electronic molecular descriptors. Predicted QSPR results were in good agreement with experimental amino acid profiles. The developed QSPR approach showed to be of practical value for distinguishing each wine varietal, and for calculating experimentally non-available amino acid concentrations of Torrontés and Merlot wines. It was also useful for assessing wine authenticity; the models were especially suitable for Merlot and Torrontés wines. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Spinelli H.,National University of Lanus
Salud Colectiva | Year: 2012
This article presents a theoretical overview of personal and institutional governance capacities (experience, leadership and knowledge on the individual level, and organizational capital available on the institutional level) and their relationship to politics and policies in the Latin American context. Using the theoretical production of Carlos Matus regarding the act of governing, diverse dimensions of this problem are put into discussion in relation to other authors and experiences in different historical moments. Theories, methods and techniques of government are explored and the need for state reform with an internal logic is analyzed. It is concluded that there is a need to build a theory for the practice of governing/managing public organizations, and this construction requires creative actions that use theory as a toolbox.
Prevalence of overweight/obesity and factors associated with the preventive-predictive value in schoolchildren aged 6 to 11 in Río Gallegos, Santa Cruz, Argentina [Prevalencia de sobrepeso-obesidad y factores asociados con valor predictivo-preventivo en escolares de 6 a 11 años de Río Gallegos, Santa Cruz, Argentina]
Padilla I.S.,National University of Lanus
Salud Colectiva | Year: 2011
In Argentina there is little information available about overweight/obesity in schoolchildren. The aims of this study are to analyze the prevalence of overweight/obesity and to determine the factors with preventive value in schoolchildren in Río Gallegos, Santa Cruz, Argentina. This is a prevalence study based on a mixed probability sampling. A total of 1,645 students, aged 6 to 11 years, were interviewed with their parents. The nutritional diagnosis of overweight and obesity was established using body mass index, according to the criteria of the International Obesity Task Force. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was high: 25.6% (IC95%: 23.5; 27.7) and 13.8% (IC95%: 12.1; 15.5) respectively; these percentages are similar to national results and higher than those found in studies from other provinces and other Latin American countries. A prediction model was constructed using a multivariate logistic regression analysis, considering the overweight as the dependent variable. The final model included as variables: having one sibling or being an only child, maintaining a high level of consumption of fast foods, and maintaining a high level of consumption of soft drinks.
Zunino M.G.,National University of Lanus |
de Souza E.R.,Escola Nacional de Saude Publica Sergio Arouca
Cadernos de Saude Publica | Year: 2012
This is a descriptive epidemiological study of firearm mortality in Argentina, 1990-2008. The study compared the firearm mortality percentages and rates between the country's jurisdictions. The data are from the Office of Health Statistics and Information, Ministry of Health. From 1990 to 2008 there were 358,484 deaths from external causes, of which 16.6% (59,339) were caused by firearms. The Province of Buenos Aires showed the highest percentage and crude and adjusted rates. The jurisdictions in the Pampeana region (including the Province of Buenos Aires) showed a more homogeneous profile, similar to that of the country as a whole, with an increase in the rates from 1999 to 2002 and a decrease from 2003 to 2006. These findings are partially explained by the country's deteriorating socioeconomic conditions in the late 20th century, with a greater impact on Buenos Aires, one of the provinces of Argentina with the greatest development and economic dynamism. The situation in Buenos Aires was aggravated by the fact that the Province has one of the country's most repressive police forces.
Spinelli H.,National University of Lanus
Salud Colectiva | Year: 2016
This article, of a conceptual nature, uses critical theory to discuss the programmatic logic within the sociosanitary field as a technical answer without any questions, provided to territories or spaces with questions awaiting translation. The purpose is to put programmatic logic, which is the legacy of public health planning and an expression of instrumental reason, into discussion, and in this way examine the temporal-spatial conception as an axis for thinking and acting within the complexity of the social world, recognizing other knowledge and practices. The questions, answers, knowledge and actions in the sociosanitary field constitute the focus of a reflection rooted in concepts that seek to deconstruct the ideological project represented by health programs through an analysis of their scientific basis (the epistemological component of the technical), which is antagonistic to any emancipatory project.